跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.201.99.222) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/11/30 19:02
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:張珮瑩
研究生(外文):Chang, Pei-Ying
論文名稱:投資中國和研發活動對廠商生產力與實質出口值之影響 : 實證分析台灣電子製造業
論文名稱(外文):FDI in China ,Investment in R&D , Firm Productivity and Exports : Evidence from Taiwanese Electronics Manufacturing Firms
指導教授:李宜李宜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:投資中國大陸(FDI)研究發展(R&D)生產力實質出口值台灣中國
外文關鍵詞:FDIR&DproductivityexportsTaiwanChina
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:250
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:30
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來,台灣產業日漸重視研發創新,將重要的技術根留台灣,另一方面投資中國大陸,藉以利用中國龐大的物資和人力資源,這種研發和對中國投資同步進行的生產模式成為台灣廠商的發展趨勢。因此在這種生產趨勢之下,必須了解廠商投入研究發展和投資中國這兩項活動對台灣廠商的營運造成何種影響。本篇論文實證分析廠商的投資行為、研發活動和對中國投資彼此之間的相互關係,以及這兩項投資活動對廠商生產力和出口值的影響。
論文中選取台灣經濟新報(TEJ),台灣電子製造業上市上櫃公司,1992年-2011年的資料,其中台灣經濟新報(TEJ)的大陸投資明細此項目是從2000年開始。運用的實證模型有二元概率模型(Bivariate probit model)、二階段模型(two-steps model)、追蹤資料托賓模型(panel tobit model)和動態追蹤資料模型(dynamic panel model)。
有四項主要的研究結果:第一項,廠商的投資行為具有連續性。第二項,研究發展和投資中國兩者投資活動有替代關係,彼此會互相瓜分投資金額。第三項,單一參與其中一項投資活動的廠商生產力進步最大,同時參與兩項活動反而使得生產力的回報規模被分散了。第四項,研究發展活動對實質出口值有互補正相關,而投資中國大陸對實質出口值則是替代負相關。

In recent years, Taiwan’s industries put more emphasis on research and innovation. On the other hand, Taiwanese firms take advantage of China’s huge materials and human resources to invest in mainland China. The production model that simultaneously executed R&D and investment in China has become the development trend of Taiwanese manufacturers. With this kind of production trends, it is essential to understand how R&D and FDI in China affect operation of the parent firms. This paper addresses this issue by empirically analyzing firms’ investment behavior, the relationship between R&D and FDI in China, and how these two activities affect firms’ productivity and export value.
Based on the data from 1992-2011 Taiwan Economic Journal (TEJ), all the publicly traded companies in the electronic manufacturing industry are included. Bivariate probit model, two-steps model, panel tobit model and dynamic panel model are employed as the estimation method.
There are four main findings in this paper : First, firms will refer the previous investment experience to the decision on the current investment activities. Secondly, the negative interaction effects between the investment amount in R&D and in FDI suggest that R&D and FDI in China act as substitutes in investment relationship. Thirdly, firms that involve a single investment activity have the largest productivity advances, whether firms chose R&D or FDI in China. When firms involve both activities, their returns to scale on productivity will be dispersed. Fourthly, R&D complements exports from parent firms. Conversely, FDI in China substitutes exports from parent firms.

目 錄 iv
圖 表 目 錄 v
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 海外直接投資(FDI) 8
第二節 研究發展活動(R&D) 10
第三章 資料、變數、生產力估計 15
第一節 台灣資料 15
第二節 變數的定義 19
第三節 計算廠商生產力 22
第四章 探討影響本期FDI與R&D投資機率的因素 25
第一節 實證模型 25
第二節 實證結果 26
第五章 分析廠商投資行為對其生產力的影響 32
第一節 投資活動的金額與廠商生產力的關係 32
第一項 實證模型 32
第二項 實證結果 34
第二節 四種不同類型的投資廠商生產力的改變 36
第一項 實證模型 36
第二項 實證結果 38
第六章 FDI、R&D和實質出口值的變動關係 43
第一節 追蹤資料托賓模型(Panel Tobit model) 43
第一項 實證模型 43
第二項 實證結果 46
第二節 動態追蹤資料模型(dynamic panel model) 50
第一項 實證模型 50
第二項 實證結果 53
第三節 綜合探討 57
第七章 結論 58
附 錄 表 格 62
參 考 文 獻 64

黃台心 (2005),“計量經濟學: 第十四章 應變數受限制的迴歸分析”,雙葉書廊,初版。

中文文獻
楊志海與陳忠榮 (2002), 「研究發展, 專利與生產力-台灣製造業的實證研究」, 經濟論文叢刊, 30:1 頁28-47. 台大經濟系出版.

英文文獻
Arellano, M. and Bond, S. (1991), “Some tests of specification for panel data: Monte carlo evidence and an application to employment equations”, Review of Economic Studies, 58, 277-297.
Aw, B. Y. and G. Batra (1998), “ Technological capability and firm efficiency in Taiwan”, World Bank Economic Review, 12, 1, 59-79.
Aw, B. Y., S. Chung and M. J. Roberts (2000), “Productivity and turnover in the export market: Micro-level evidence from Taiwan (China) and the Republic of Korea”, World Bank Economic Review, 14, 1, 65-90.
Aw, B. Y., M. J. Roberts and Tor Winston (2007), “Export market participation, investment in R&D and worker training, and the evolution of firm productivity”, The World Economy, 30, 1, 83-104.
Aw, B. Y., M. J. Roberts and Daniel Yi Xu (2008), “R&D investment, exporting, and the evolution of firm productivity”, American Economic Review, 98:2, 451-456.
Blonigen, B. A. (2001), “ In search of substitution between foreign production and exports” , Journal of International Economics, 53, 81-104.
Bernard, A. B. and Jensen, J. B. (1999), “ Exceptional exporter performance: Cause, effect, or both?” , Journal of International Economics, 47, 1-25.
Blomso ̈m, M. and Kokko, A. (1994), “ Home country effects of foreign direct investment: Evidence from Sweden”, NBER Working Paper No. 4639.
Bernard, A. B. and J. Wagner (1997), “Exports and success in German manufacturing”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 133, 134-157.
Bernard, A. B. and J. B. Jensen (1999), “Exceptional exporter performance: Cause, effect, or both?” , Journal of International Economics, 47, 1, 1-25.
Bell, M. and K. Pavitt (1993), “Accumulating technological capability in developing countries”, in Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics 1992 (Washington, DC: World Bank).
Baldwin, J. R. and W. Gu (2004), “Trade liberalization: Export-market participation, productivity growth and innovation”, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 20, 372-392.
Basant, R. and B. Fikkert (1996), “The effects of R&D, foreign technology purchase, and domestic and international spillovers on productivity in Indian firms’, Review of Economics and Statistics, 78, 2, 187-199.
Chen, T.-J. and Ku, Y.-H. (2000), “ The effect of foreign direct investment on firm growth: The case of Taiwan’s manufacturers”, Japan and the World Economy, 12, 153-172.
Clausing, K. A. (2000), “ Does multinational activity displace trade”, Economic Inquiry, 38, 190-205.
Clerides, S., S. Lach and J. R. Tybout (1998), “Is “Learning-by-Exporting” important? Microdynamic evidence from Colombia, Mexico, and Morocco”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1131 903-947.
Cohen, W. M. and D. A. Levinthal (1989), “Innovation and learning: the two faces of R&D”, Economic Journal, 99, 569-596.
(1990), “Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation”, Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 128-152.
Chen, Jong-Rong and Chih-Hai Yang (2005), “Technological Capital, Spillover and Productivity- Evidence from Taiwanese Firm Level Panel Data.” Applied Economics, 37, 2361-2371.
Chen, Kun-Ming, Shu-Fei Yang (2013), “Impact of Outward Foreign Direct Investment on Domestic R&D Activity: Evidence from Taiwan’s Multinational Enterprises in Low-wage Countries. ”Asian Economic Journal, Vol.27, No.1, pp.17-38.
Debaere, P. (2004), “Reversing the perspective: Multinational corporations from middle-income countries”, University of Taxes, Austin manuscript.
Dollar, D. (1992), Exploring the advantages of backwardness: the importance of education and outward orientation (Washington, DC: World Bank).
Egger, P. (2001), “ European exports and outward foreign direct investment: A dynamic panel data approach”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 137, 427-449.
Eaton, J. and Tamura, A. (1994), “Bilateralism and regionalism in Japanese and US trade and direct foreign investment patterns”, Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 8, 478-510.
Ericson, R. and A. Pakes (1995), “Markov-perfect industry dynamic: A framework for empirical work”, Review of Economic Studies, 62, 53-82.
Evenson, R. E. and L. E. Westphal (1995), “Technological change and technology strategy”, in J. Behrman and T. N. Srinivasan (eds.), Handbook of Development Economics (Amsterdam: North-Holland).
Foad, H. (2007), “Export-oriented FDI, the Euro, and EU enlargement”, San Diego State University manuscript.
Fung Loretta, Jin-Tan Liu and Fa-Min Wang. (2013), “Are FDI in China and parent firm exports substitutes or complement? An empirical study of Taiwanese manufacturing firms”, Taiwan Economic Review, 41:2, 167-194.
Gee, S. and W. J. Kuo (1998), “Export success and technological capability: textiles and electronics in Taiwan province of China’, in D. Ernst, T. Ganiatsos and L. Mytelka (eds.), Technological Capabilities and Export Success in Asia (London: Routledge).
Greenaway, D. and R. Kneller (2005), “Industry differences in the effect of export market entry: learning by exporting?”, GEP Research Paper, Leverhulme Center for Research on Globalization and Economic Policy (University of Nottingham).
Griffith, R., S. Redding and J. V. Reenan (2004), “Mapping the two faces of R&D: productivity growth in a panel of OECD industries”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 86, 4, 883-895.
Griliches, Z. (1979), “Issues in assessing the contribution of R&D to productivity”, Bell Journal of Economics, 10, 92-116.
(1986), “Productivity, R&D and basic research at the firm level in the 1970s’, American Economic Review, 76, 1, 141-154.
Helpman, E. (1984), “A simple theory of international trade with multinational corporations”, Journal of Political Economy, 92, 451-471.
Helpman, E. and Krugman, P. R. (1985), Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition, and International Economy, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Head, K. and Ries, J. (2001), “Overseas investment and firm exports”, Review of International Economics, 9, 108-122.
(2004), “Exporting and FDI as alternative strategies”, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 20, 409-423.
Jayawickrama, A. and Thangavelu, S. M. (2010), “ FDI activities, exports and manufacturing growth in a small open economy : An industry-wise panel data analysis”, National University of Singapore manuscript.
James Levinsohn and Amil Petrin (2003a), “Production function estimation in Stata using inputs to control for unobservables”, The Stata Journal, 4, 2, 113-123.
Lin, H.L. and R.S. Yeh (2006), “The Interdependence between FDI and R&D:an application of an endogenous switching model to Taiwan’s electronics industry.” Applied Economics, 37, 1789-1799.
Lin, H.L., R.S. Yeh and C.F. Chung (2009), “The Effect of Outward Investment to Mainland China on Domestic R&D: A Two-Hurdle Model with Endogenous ODI. ” Applied Economics 41 (9) :1191-1198
Markusen, J. R. (1995), “The boundaries of multinational enterprises and the theory of international trade”, Journal of Economy Perspectives, 9, 169-189.
Olley, G. S. and A. Pakes (1996), “The dynamics of productivity in the telecommunications equipment industry”, Econometrica, 64, 6, 1263-1297.
Pfaffermayr, M. (1996). “Foreign outward direct investment and exports in Austrian manufacturing: Substitutes or complements”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 132, 501-522.
Roberts, M. J. and J. R. Tybout (1997), “The decision to export in Colombia: an empirical model of entry with sunk costs”, American Economic Review, 87, 545-564.
Svensson, R. (1996), “ Effect of overseas production on home country exports: Evidence based on Swedish multinationals”, Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 132, 304-329.
Westphal, L. E. (2002), “Technology strategies for economic development in a fast changing global economy”, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 11, 275-320.
World Bank (1993), The East Asian Miracle: Economic Growth and Public Policy (Washington DC: Oxford University Press for the World Bank).
Yang, Chih-Hai and J.R. Chen (2003), “Innovation and Market Value in Newly Industrialized Countries: The Case of Taiwan Electronics Firms.” Asian Economic Journal. 17(2), 205-220.
Yang, Chih-Hai and C.H. Huang (2005), “R&D, Size and Firm Growth in Taiwan’s Electronics Industry.” Small Business Economics, 25(5), 477-487.
Yang, C.H., Y.Y. Wu and H.L. Lin (2009), “Outward Investment to China and Local Innovation of Taiwanese Manufacturing Firms.” The Japanese Economic Review ,Accepted and Forthcoming.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊