(3.210.184.142) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/09 09:12
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:荊元宙
研究生(外文):Jing, Yuan-Chou
論文名稱:太空軍事化國際法規範之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Norm of International Law on Space Militarization
指導教授:王冠雄王冠雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Kuan-Hsiung
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:495
中文關鍵詞:太空軍事化太空武器化太空法信心建立措施軍備控制
外文關鍵詞:space militarizationspace weaponizationspace lawCBMsarms control
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:467
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:3
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
自從前蘇聯於1957年發射首顆人造衛星引發美蘇兩強太空競賽,太空的戰略價值即開始受到重視,從此太空被認為將繼陸、海、空之外成為第四維戰場。從20世紀90年代初爆發的波灣戰爭(Persian Gulf War)做為起點,之後各次的戰爭中,高科技特別是太空科技,無一例外地決定了戰爭勝敗。時至今日,戰場優勢觀念已演變成為包括:「誰能掌握資訊優勢,誰就掌握戰場主動權」的「制資訊權」(Information dominance)及「誰控制太空,誰就控制地球」之「制天(太空)權」(Command of the space)等。而為了擁有武力掌握制天權,太空的軍事化及武器化成為一種趨勢,太空戰(Space Warfare)就是太空軍事化下產生的新型作戰型態。
一旦太空被軍事化,將失去其應有的和平寧靜,這對人類而言毋寧是一大悲哀。太空場域的軍事化其戰爭潛力比起其他傳統戰爭可謂巨大許多,因此如何避免太空軍事化或更為嚴重的武器化已成為國際戰略界及法學界關心的重要議題。
由於視太空為下一代主戰戰場,強權當然不願意對發展太空軍事能力加以設限。然若太空大國無法合作建構約束太空軍事化的機制,則太空軍事化的現象必將持續惡化。目前國際間在太空軍事化議題上的討論已呈現「聾人的對話」(dialogue of the deaf)局面,眾人皆不願放手太空的利益是為主因。太空是人類的公共財,聯合國曾通過各項條約及決議案,試圖達到避免太空軍事化及太空軍備競賽的目標。然而該等協議或條約,雖然立意良善,但原則與內容或者陳舊或者含糊,對防止人類濫用太空或將太空軍事化上之功能明顯不足,更遑論對太空衝突發生的監督約束作用。
規範太空活動的法律已出現「滯後性」,為保障各國和平利用太空的權利和太空資產的安全,國際社會有必要合作對現有的國際法律制度進行檢討,修訂或制訂新的國際條約或信心建立機制,如無法禁止太空軍事化,則下一步將必須對可能的太空衝突制訂有效的交戰規範。
在可見的未來,遏制太空軍事化問題必然是國際社會關注焦點,尤其是如何建立約束太空軍事化的機制將是重點。為此,本文針對此一議題進行探討,努力呈現出目前太空法的缺憾與不足,並同時對未來應設計何種機制約束太空軍事化提出具體建議。

The launch of the first man-made satellite by the former Soviet Union in 1957, set in motion the space race between the Soviet Union and the USA and generated much debate over the strategic value of space, since then, space has come to be regarded by many as the fourth battlefield after land, sea and sky. Since the Persian Gulf War in 1991, space technology has been instrumental in determining victor, therefore, current strategic thinking has evolved into a focus on “information dominance” in the belief that “whoever has an advantage in the control of information will control the battlefield.” In relation to the “command of space” this same logic implies “who controls space will control the Earth”. In effect, space warfare is a new form of warfare arising directly from the militarization of space.
The militarization of space would destroy peace in this arena which would be rather sad for mankind. As such, how best to avoid the militarization of space has become an important issue in international strategic and legal circles, even though global discussions on the issue have resembled something of a “dialogue of the deaf”. The root cause of this situation is that no country is willing to give up its interests in space.
In point of fact, space is a public good and the UN has passed all manner of conventions and resolutions in an effort to prevent its militarization and the beginning of a space arms race. However, those agreements are either out-of-date or ambiguous and have little practical use in restricting militarization. To safeguard the right of each country to exploit space and guarantee the security of space assets, it is essential that the international community comes together to review the existing international legal system and revise or enact new international agreements. If the militarization of space proves unavoidable, a engagement rule for future conflicts in space will need to be made.
In the foreseeable future, it is very likely that the international community will focus more on how to prevent the militarization of space and seek to introduce mechanisms designed to prevent such an outcome. This article will explore this issue and identify the shortcomings inherent in existing space law, while making proposals on how to develop a mechanism that might just be able to prevent the militarization of space.

目 錄

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究方法與架構 12
第三節 研究範圍與限制 17
第四節 文獻分析 19
第二章 太空軍事化與軍備控制 59
第一節 太空的定義與劃界問題 59
第二節 太空軍事化與武器化 74
第三節 太空軍備控制 94
第四節 太空技術先進國家之太空政策 117
第三章 制天權與太空戰 147
第一節 制天權與太空戰理論 147
第二節 太空戰作戰型態與特性 164
第三節 美、中太空軍事戰略與能力 185
第四節 太空軍事化與太空碎片問題 219
第四章 太空相關國際法 235
第一節 太空國際法相關條約 235
第二節 太空法對太空軍事化規範之檢討 254
第三節 武裝衝突法 282
第四節 武裝衝突法對太空軍事化規範之檢討 297
第五章 太空活動透明及信心建立措施(TCBMS) 315
第一節 信心建立措施之意義 315
第二節 太空活動透明及信心建立措施之發展 320
第三節 太空透明及信心建立措施對太空軍事化規範之檢討 337
第六章 目前建構太空軍事化約束機制之立法實踐 349
第一節 國際法立法途徑介紹 349
第二節 硬法途徑--「防止在太空放置武器、對太空物體使用或威脅使用武力條約」草案 (PPWT) 360
第三節 軟法途徑—歐盟及其他太空行為準則 376
第四節 目前太空軍事化約束機制問題探討 384
第七章 結論 391
參考書目 411
附件1 太空條約 455
附件2 責任公約 460
附件3 登記公約 467
附件4 月球協定 471
附件5 「信心及安全建立措施」(CSBMS) 479
附件6 PPWT 482
附件7 INTERNATIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT FOR OUTER SPACE ACTIVITIES 486

表目錄
表2.1 大氣的組成 64
表2.2 具有將太空物體發射至運行軌道能力的國家及單位彙整表 77
表2.3 太空軍備控制機制的型態 98
表2.4 處理太空安全議題機制 116
表2.5 TO THE MOON AND BEYOND(2010) 128
表3.1 科技發展與軍事革命、作戰型態及作戰制權觀念與理論對照表 150
表3.2 天權之定義整理 151
表3.3 「制天權」之定義整理 152
表3.4 太空戰主要作戰型態 167
表3.5 美軍歷次太空戰演習 200
表3.6 共軍目前及未來可能擁有的太空作戰系統 212
表3.7 A SUMMARY OF THE CATALOGED FRAGMENTS 228
表4.1 STATUS OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE AGREEMENTS 246
表4.2 MULTILATERAL AND BILATERAL AGREEMENT 248
表4.3 聯合國大會通過有關太空活動的相關決議案 251
表4.4 太空法相關國際規範及其主要內容與功能 253
表4.5 太空裝備的「侵略」性質說明 263
表4.6 與太空相關的兩用科技 307
表5.1 「軍事透明度」之定義整理 324
表5.2 OST中包含TCBMS精神之條文 329
表5.3 COC的支持與反對意見彙整 344
表6.1 控制太空武器化全面性途徑 373
表6.2 控制太空武器化部份性途徑 374
表6.3 「負責任太空先進國家的模範行為準則」之比較 383
表7.1 太空法規範修法途徑內容彙整 393
表7.2 對太空法律機制之處理模式建議 402
表7.3 OST條文修訂對照表 405

圖目錄
圖1.1 研究概念 15
圖1.2 研究架構 16
圖2.1處理太空事務之聯合國組織 112
圖2.2太空先進國家民用與軍用合併的年度支出 132
圖3.1太空控制目的及手段示意圖 158
圖3.2太空控制任務的四元素 159
圖3.3衛星作戰系統的三個主要部門 171
圖3.4中國反衛星能力示意圖 211
圖3.5 CATALOGED OBJECTS IN ORBIT ABOUT THE EARTH IN1963 AND 2013 226
參考書目
中文部份
一、官方文件
(一)中華民國
「中華民國100年國防報告書」,國防部,http://afrc.mnd.gov.tw/mndreport/info04.html
國防部法規委員會,國軍軍官國際法教本 (臺北:國防部法規委員會,2010年5月)。
(二)中華人民共和國
「《中國的航太》白皮書(2000年版)」,中華人民共和國國務院新聞辦公室,2000年11月,http://www.cnsa.gov.cn/n615708/n620168/n750545/52025.html
「《2011年中國的航太》白皮書」,國際在線,2011年12月29日,http://big5.cri.cn/gate/big5/gb.cri.cn/27824/2011/12/29/110s3501802.htm
中國空軍百科全書編審委員會,中國空軍百科全書(北京:航空工業出版社,2005年版)。
二、書籍
朱文奇主編,國際法學原理與案例教程 (北京:中國人民大學出版社,2009年7月)。
朱鋒,彈道導彈防禦計畫與國際安全 (上海:上海人民出版社,2001)。
李大光,太空戰 (北京:軍事科學出版社,2001)。
李彬、吳日強主編,國際戰略與國家安全—科學技術的視角 (北京:中國傳媒大學出版社,2008年11月)。
李壽平、趙雲,外層空間法專論 (北京:光明日報出版社,2009年9月)。
李壽平主編,中國空間法年刊2008 (北京:世界知識出版社,2009年12月)。
李學忠、田安平,國家空天安全論 (北京:解放軍出版社,2010年7月)。
李進興,制天權之爭—中共太空戰發展之研究 (國立中山大學大陸研究所,碩士論文,2005年)。
林中斌,核霸—透視跨世紀中共戰略武力 (臺北:學生書局,1999年2月)。
荀恒棟,現代戰爭中的法律戰 (北京:解放軍出版社,2005年9月)。
許慶雄、李明峻,國際法概論 (臺南:泉泰出版社,2009年1月)。
盛紅生、楊澤偉、秦小軒,武力的邊界—21世紀前期武裝衝突中的國際法問題研究 (北京:時事出版社,2003年版)。
賀其治,外太空法 (北京:法律出版社,1992年)。
賀其治、黃惠康,外太空法 (青島:青島出版社,2000年)
張亞中主編,國際關係總論(第二版) (臺北:揚智文化出版社,2007年11月)。
蔡育岱、宇智波、熊美、熊武,傳統公法 (臺北:鼎茂出版社,2009年)。
黃甫生、曾華鋒、李禹、陳曉兵,武器的悖論—武器裝備倫理研究 (北京:中國社會科學出版社,2010年5月)。
黃瑤,論禁止使用武力原則—聯合國憲章第二條第四項法理分析 (北京:北京大學出版社,2003年8月)。
楊永明,國際安全與國際法 (臺北:元照出版公司,2003年)。
寧淩、王春、榮暉,太空對抗 (北京:軍事誼文出版社,2010年1月)。
劉彥軍、萬水獻、李大光、郭彤,論制天權 (北京:國防大學出版社,2003年7月)。
滕建群,國際軍備控制與裁軍概論 (北京:世界知識出版社,2009年11月)。
魏靜芬,戰爭法學 (臺北:社團法人臺灣海洋事務策進會,2005年)。
戴耀夫譯,魯登道夫著,總體戰 (北京:解放軍出版社,1988年)。
叢文勝,戰爭法 (北京:軍事科學出版社,2005年10月)。
費學禮 Richard D. Fisher Jr.,中共軍事發展--區域與全球勢力佈局 (臺北:國防部譯印,100年11月)。
Department of Defense USA著 (三軍大學譯),美國國防部軍語詞典(臺北:國防部史政編譯局,1995 年)。
三、期刊
丁樹範,「中美關於太空、導彈防衛與核武政策爭議之研究」,中國大陸研究,第53卷第1期 (民國99年3月),頁99-125。
王孔祥,「國際外太空法和國內外太空法的關係」,中國航天,2006 年第11 期,頁29-36。
王孔祥,「太空軍備競賽對外太空法的挑戰」,武漢大學學報(哲學社會科學版),第58卷第3期 (2005年5月),頁387-392。
王新峰、李自力、孫智信,「解讀新版『美國國家太空政策』」,國防科技(湖南),2006年第12 期,頁47-49。
王崑義,「中國發展北斗衛星系統對台灣安全 的威脅與因應之道」,全球政治評論,第34期 (2011),頁41-70。
尹玉海、王明月,「外空法中“人類共同繼承財產”概念探析」,北京航空航太大學學報(社會科學版),第24卷第1期 (2011年1月),頁26- 29。
方霞,「國際法中的“軟法”現象探析」,外交學院學報,總第80期 (2005年2月),頁94-99。
石海明、黃嘉莊、豔萍,「太空軍事化:動因、爭議及趨向」,國防科技,第30卷第4 期 (2009 年第4 期),頁42-46。
朱文龍、鮑祿,「國際軟法的理論探析」,天津大學學報(社會科學版),第15卷第4期 (2013年7月),頁357-362。
李居遷,「合法性、合理性與後續問題--反衛星實驗的法律問題」,北京航空航太大學學報(社會科學版),第22卷第3期 (2009年9月),頁46-51。
李守林、李劍,「世界各國應對未來"太空戰"的舉措」,國防科技,2005年第10期,頁47-51。
李斌,「外空軍事利用的若干法律問題辨析」,法學雜誌,2009年第7期,頁29-31。
李雯婷,「美俄外太空戰略穩定性分析」,產業與科技論壇,第11卷第12期 (2012年),頁109-110頁。
李濱,「美俄衛星相撞事件中的國際法問題探析」,北京航空航太大學學報(社會科學版),第24卷第4期 (2011 年7月),頁33-37。
何奇松,「國際太空活動的地緣政治」,現代國際關係,2008 年第10 期,頁7-13。
何奇松,「太空透明與信任建設機制芻議」,社會科學,2012 年第12 期,頁12-24。
何奇松,「太空安全問題及其多邊主義博奕」,現代國際關係,2012 年第5 期,頁29-34。
呂卓豔,「外空軍事化的法律問題----以反衛星武器為視角」,研究生法學,第24卷第3期 (2009年6月、8月),頁105-109。
邱坤玄、黃鴻博,「中國的負責任大國身分建構與外交實踐:以參與國際裁軍與軍備管制建制為例」,中國大陸研究,第53卷第2期 (民國99年6月),頁73-102。
吳明、葉美霞,「當代局部戰爭對傳統國際戰爭法所引起的思考」,湖北大學成人教育學院學報,第21卷第5期 (2003年10月),頁16-19。
吳曉丹,「國際空間法的現狀與發展趨勢」,北京航空航天大學學報(社會科學版),第21卷第3期 (2008年9月),頁31-35。
林正義,「台海兩岸『信任建立措施』芻議」,國防雜誌,第13卷第12期 (民87年6月),頁1-10。
明世法,「‘硬法’軟化及‘軟法’硬化現象的法社會學解析」,華中科技大學學報(社會科學版),第22卷第5 期,總第93期,頁92-97。
侯權峰,「國際太空法的基本原則」,問題與研究,42 卷 5 期 (2003 年9月),頁165 – 207。
徐能武、黃嘉,「外層空間國際關係研究綜述及其研究意義」,中國海洋大學學報(社會科學版),2010年第5期,頁116-121。
孫雪岩、何奇松,「太空安全治理的五個倡議芻議」,北京理工大學學報(社會科學版),第15卷第4期 (2013年8月),頁98-105。
夏立平,「外太空軍備控制的進展與障礙」,當代亞太,2002年第6期,頁35-40。
夏春利,「試論近空間的法律地位--兼談空氣空間和外太空的定界問題」,北京航空航太大學學報,第22卷第4期 (2009年12月),頁47-51。
袁易,「重新思考太空安全:一個中國建構安全規範之解析」,中國大陸研究,第52卷第2期 (民98年6月),頁1-41。
許健,「論國際法之“人類共同利益”原則」,北京理工大學學報(社會科學版),第13 卷第5 期 (2011 年10月),頁112-116。
陳欣之,「霸權治理的省思:權力消長與權威起伏」,問題與研究,第49卷第1期 (民99年3月),頁62。
張光新,「日本軍事大國目標與情報搜集“太空化”」,南昌航空大學學報(社會科學版),第13 卷第1 期 (2011年3月),頁46-50。
張浩,「外空軍控的機制設計—以建立信任措施為例」,國際問題論壇,2007 年夏季號 (總第47 期),頁93-106。
黃嘉,「外空資訊作戰對傳統戰爭法原則的新挑戰」,西安政治學院學報,第20卷第4期 (2007年8月),頁62-65。
塗小雨,「論外太空的定界」,甘肅政法成人教育學院學報,第3期(總第58期) (2005年9月),頁112-114。
楊永明,「國際限武裁軍機制與規範:國際關係理論與國際法規範之檢驗」,問題與研究,第43卷第3期 (2004 年5、6 月),頁77-96。
楊永明,「從國際法觀點看聯合國集體安全體系之法律架構、制度性問題與對應之策」,台灣大學法學論叢,第26卷第3期 (1997年4月),頁183-211。
楊永明、唐欣偉,「信心建立措施與亞太安全」,問題與研究,第38卷第6期 (民88年6月),頁1-21。
楊帆,「從美國反衛星試驗看外空武器化的法律規制及完善」,內蒙古社會科學,第30卷第5期 (2009年9月),頁41。
楊鈞池,「日本太空政策與2008年『宇宙基本法』之分析─ 從『和平用途』到『戰略用途』」,國際關係學報,第29期 (2010年1月),頁101-130。
楊恭茂,「中國人民解放軍發展武裝衝突法之政治、軍事、外交意涵」,國防政策評論,第5卷第1期 (2004年秋季),頁94-110。
楊博超,「中國與外空非武器化」,學術交流,總第197期 (2010 年8月),頁39-41。
靳海偉,「現代戰爭條件下戰爭法運用的局限性及其對策」,軍隊政工理論研究,第7卷第1期 (2006年2月),頁74-76。
趙曉冬,「現代高技術戰爭與戰爭法」,國防,2002年第10期,頁17-18。
儀名海、王晗,「外太空定界問題及其解決途徑」,中國海洋大學學報,第1 期 (2010年),頁119-123。
儀名海、馬麗麗,「推進外太空非軍事化發展的必要途徑」,中國海洋大學學報,第 6 期 (2008 年),頁54-59。
鄭國梁、簡家民,「電子戰中的國際法問題探析」,西安政治學院學報,第20卷第4期 (2007年8月),頁66-69。
薄守省,「從美俄衛星相撞事件看航太活動之損害賠償責任」,暨南學報(哲學社會科學版),2010 年第4 期,總第147 期,頁15-20。
薄守省,「外太空法五大條約的現狀及面臨的挑戰」,北京航空航天大學學報(社會科學版),第22 卷第1 期 (2009年3月),頁38-42。
樓春豪,「關於太空軍事化的若干思考」,亞非縱橫,第6期 (2008年),頁54-61。
韓劍峰,「與空間碎片有關的空間立法述評與中國立法設想」,法治論叢,第23卷第 3期 (2008年5月),頁76-83。
聶資魯,「外太空軍備控制與國際法」,甘肅政法學院學報,總第93期 (2007年7月),頁95-104。
四、網路資料
「中國與俄羅斯共同提交防止外空軍備競賽條約草案」,中華人民共和國外交部,http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_chn/ziliao_611306/tytj_611312/tyfg_611314/t406848.shtml
「反衛星技術」,百度百科,http://baike.baidu.com/view/895499.htm
「北斗衛星導航系統今日正式提供區域服務」,人民網,2012年12月27日,http://military.people.com.cn/BIG5/n/2012/1227/c1011-20032540.html.
「防止在外空放置武器、對外空物體使用或威脅使用武力條約”草案(中文)」,中華人民共和國外交部,http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_chn/ziliao_611306/tytj_611312/zcwj_611316/t406997.shtml.
「衛星定位系統對比:GPS、GLONASS和伽利略」,中國科學院對地觀測與數字地球科學中心, http://www.ceode.cas.cn/kpcb/jczs/ddgcyszdqjcll/200902/t20090202_2385348.html.
「美軍升級全球定位係統 可將各國核試盡收眼底」,新華網,2007年12月02日,http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2007-12/02/content_7183530.htm.
「俄羅斯準備發射Glonass-M衛星」,新華網,2013年04月27日,http://news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2013-04/27/c_124641382.htm
「中國北斗衛星導航系統」,人民網,2012年03月01日,http://military.people.com.cn/BIG5/8221/71130/81845/83116/17267681.html.
「孫子兵法語錄」,http://web2.tcssh.tc.edu.tw/school/guowenke/books/bing/EB-0-3.htm#〈行軍篇〉
朱文奇,「國際法與外空軍事化問題研究」,共識網,http://www.21ccom.net/plus/view.php?aid=380
知遠,「促進負責的太空行為以維持安全的太空環境」,搜狐網,http://mil.sohu.com/20120830/n351951234.shtml
馬呈元,「外層空間的和平利用」,法制日報,http://news.sohu.com/94/70/news214757094.shtml
程群、何奇松,「國際太空行為準則—博弈與前景」,上海國際問題研究院,2013年第5期,http://www.siis.org.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=111&id=513&page=2
五、媒體資料
王英健,「美軍最強通信衛星實戰部署」,參考消息,2008年4月21日,版8。
趙國材,「太空強國的星際大戰」,中時電子報,2013年9月26日,http://news.chinatimes.com/forum/11051402/112013092600506.html
「太空軍備競賽實難遏止」,中國青年報,2007年2月1日, http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2007-02/01/content_5680950.htm
「中炸毀衛星 美曾警告採軍事行動」,自由時報,2011年2月4日,版A12。
「中俄聯手 阻止美國武器化太空」,新浪網,2008年02月14日, http://news.sina.com/int/wccdaily/105-103-102-105/2008-02-14/01042666588.html
「日內瓦裁軍談判會議」,新華網,http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2003-06/02/content_899349.htm
「媒體稱中俄外空條約草案未禁止反衛星武器研究」,新浪軍事,2011年04月06日 ,http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/2011-04-06/1051641232.html
「神舟五號實現中國載人航天夢想」,人民網,http://www.people.com.cn/GB/keji/25509/30062/
「神舟十號開啟中國載人航太應用時代」,新華網,2013年6月11 日,http://zhuanti.spacechina.com/n424272/n424280/c444433/content.html

英文部份
1. Official Documents
(1)United States
“Joint Functional Component Command Space and Global Strike,” JFCC SGS CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS, May 6, 2005, http://www.nukestrat.com/us/stratcom/JFCC-SGS-CONOPS_050605.pdf.

Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, Joint Publication (JP) 1-02, Nov. 8, 2010, as amended through 15 December 2012, http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/doctrine/doctrine.htm.
Department of Defense, Office of General Counsel, An Assessment of International Legal Issues in Information Operations, May 1999, http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/dod-io-legal/dod-io-legal.pdf

Annual Report to Congress, Military Power of the People’ s Republic of China 2007 (US: Department of Defense, May 31, 2007).
Counterspace operations, US Air Force Doctrine Document 2-2.1(AFDD-2-2.1) (Washington DC: HQ Air Force Doctrine Command, Aug. 2, 2004), http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/service_pubs/afdd2_2_1.pdf.
Department of Defense Directive 3100.10, July 9, 1999, http://www.fas.org/spp/military/docops/defense/d310010p.htm
Joint Air Power Competence Centre, Filling the Vacuum--A Framework for a NATO Space Policy (US: JAPCC, June 2012).
National Security Space Strategy Unclassified Summary (US: Department of Defense, Jan. 2011).
Operations and Organization US Air Force Doctrine Document 2(AFDD-2) (Washington DC: HQ Air Force Doctrine Command, April 3, 2007).
Space Operations, US Air Force Doctrine Document 2-2(AFDD-2-2) (Washington DC: HQ Air Force Doctrine Command, Aug. 23, 1988).
Space Operations, US Air Force Doctrine Document 2-2(AFDD-2-2) (Washington DC: HQ Air Force Doctrine Command , November 27, 2001), http://usafaspace.tripod.com/other/AFDD_2_2_11_01.pdf.
Space Operations, Joint Publication 3-14 (Washington DC: US Joint Chiefs of Staff, Aug. 9, 2002).
Space Operations, Joint Publication 3-14 (Washington DC: US Joint Chiefs of Staff, Jan. 6, 2009).
The U.S. Air Force Transformation Flight Plan 2004 (Washington DC: HQ USAF/XPXC, Future Concepts and Transformation Division, July 2004).
Vision for 2020 (USSPACECOM, Feb. 1997), http://www.fas.org/spp/military/docops/usspac/visbook.pdf.
Woolf, Amy F., “Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues,” Congressional Research Service, April 26, 2013, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/R41464.pdf.
(2)EU
“Revised Draft International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities,” http://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/1696642/12_06_05_coc_space_eu_revised_draft_working__document.pdf.
(3)United Nations and other Organizations
A/RES/1348(XIII). “Question of the Peaceful Use of Outer Space,” Dec. 13, 1958, http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/1348(XIII)&Lang=E&Area=RESOLUTION.A/RES/43/78H.‘‘Guidelines for Confidence-Building Measures,’’ Dec. 7 ,1988.
A/RES/1962(XVIII). “Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space,” Dec. 13, 1963, http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/1962(XVIII)&Lang=E&Area=RESOLUTION.A/RES/60/66.“Transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities,” http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/pdf/gares/ARES_60_066E.pdf.
A/RES/2222(XXI). “Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies,” UNOOSA, Dec. 19, 1966, http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/SpaceLaw/gares/html/gares_21_2222.html.
A/RES/2777 (XXVI).“Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects,” UNOOSA, Nov. 29, 1971, http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/SpaceLaw/gares/html/gares_26_2777.html.
A/RES/3235 (XXIX).“Convention on the Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space,” UNOOSA, Nov. 12, 1974, http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/SpaceLaw/gares/html/gares_29_3235.html.
A/RES/34/68. “The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies,” UNOOSA, Dec. 5, 1979, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/en/SpaceLaw/treaties.html.
A/RES/62/114/Add.1. “Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space Activities,” Sep. 17, 2007, http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/62/114&Lang=E
A/RES/65/68.“Transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities,” Jan. 13, 2011, http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/65/68

RES S-10/2. ‘‘Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly,’’ Resolution adopted on the Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Tenth Special Session, June 30, 1978.

CD/1606. “Working paper: China's position on and suggestions for addressing PAROS at the CD,” Feb. 9, 2000.
CD/1645. “China: Possible elements of the future international legal instrument on PAROS,” June 6, 2001.
CD/1679. “China and Russia: Possible elements of the future international legal instrument on the prevention of deployment of weapons in outer space, the threat or use of force against outer space objects,” June 28, 2002.
CD/1680. “USA: text of the remarks made at an informal conference on "Future security in pscae: commercial, military and arms control trade-offs,” July 10, 2002.
CD/1779. “The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation working paper: definition issues regarding legal instruments on the prevention of the weaponization of outer space,” May 22, 2006.
CD/1815. “Canada: "Transparency and confidence building measures in outer space",” Feb. 20, 2007.
CD/1818. “Russia and China: revised and amended compilation of comments and suggestions to CD/1679,” Mar. 14, 2007.
CD/1847. “Analysis of a Draft Treaty on Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, or the Threat or Use of Force Against Outer Space Objects,” Aug. 26, 2008.
CD/1865. “Canada: draft transparency and confidence building measures and treaty proposals for space security,” June 5, 2009.
CD/1872. “LETTER DATED 18 AUGUST 2009 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF CHINA AND THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO THE CONFERENCE ON DISARMAMENT ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE CONFERENCE TRANSMITTING ANSWERS TO THE PRINCIPAL QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS ON THE DRAFT “TREATY ON PREVENTION OF THE PLACEMENT OF WEAPONS IN OUTER SPACE AND OF THE THREAT OR USE OF FORCE AGAINST OUTER SPACE OBJECTS (PPWT)” INTRODUCED BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND CHINA AND ISSUED AS DOCUMENT CD/1839 DATED 29 FEBRUARY 2008,” Aug. 18, 2009.

“Celebrating the Space Age: 50 Years of Space Technology, 40 Years of the Outer Space Treaty,” Conference Report, 2–3 April 2007 , UNIDIR, http://www.unidir.org/programmes/emerging-security-threats/celebrating-the-space-age-50-years-of-space-technology-40-years-of-the-outer-space-treaty
“IADC Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines, IADC-02-01,” Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee, http://www.iadc-online.org/index.cgi?item=docs_pub .
“The Antarctic Treaty,” Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty, http://www.ats.aq/e/ats.htm.

Space Security 2009: Moving towards a Safer Space Environment (Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Conference Report 15-16 June 2009), http://www.thesimonsfoundation.ca/resources/space-security-2009-moving-towards-safer-space-environment
Study on the Application of Confidence-building Measures in Outer Space (UN: Center for Disarmament Affairs Report of the Secretary– General, 1994), http://www.un.org/disarmament/HomePage/ODAPublications/DisarmamentStudySeries/PDF/SS-27.pdf.

Hitchens, Theresa, “Russian - Chinese space - weapons-ban proposal: a critique,” Security in space: the next generation e conference report, 31 March- 1 April 2008, UNIDIR, 2008.
Koplow, David, ‘‘International Legal Standard and the Weaponization of Outer Space,’’ Security in Space: the Next Generation—Conference Report, 31 March – 1 April 2008, UNIDIR, 2008.
Makarov, Andrey, “Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures: Their Place and Role in Space Security,” Security in Space: the Next Generation—Conference Report, 31 March – 1 April 2008, UNIDIR, 2008.
Peter, Nicolas, “Space Policy, Issues and Trends in 2006/2007,” ESPI European Space Policy Institute, ESPI Report 6, Sep. 2007.
Vasiliev, Anton V., Alexander A. Klapovsky, “Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space,” Building the Architecture for Sustainable Space Security—Conference Report,30- 31 March 2006, UNIDIR, 2006.
Zhai, Yucheng, ‘‘Legal Approach to Common Security in Outer Space: An Examination of Solutions to Outer Space Weaponization Issue,’’ Safeguarding Space Security: Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space—Conference Report, March 21-22, 2005, UNIDIR, 2006.
2. Books
"Peaceful" and Military Uses of Outer Space: Law and Policy (Montreal, Canada: Institute of Air and Space Law, Faculty of Law, Mcgill University, Feb. 2005), http://www.e-parl.net/pages/space_hearing_images/BackgroundPaper%20McGill%20Outer%20Space%20Uses.pdf.
Rebuilding America’s Defense-- Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century (Washington, D.C.: The Project for the New American Century, Sep. 2000)
Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (Vienna: United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, 2010), http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/pdf/publications/st_space_49E.pdf.
Space Security Index 2011 (Waterloo: Spacesecurity.org, August 2011), http://swfound.org/media/93629/SSI_FullReport_2011.pdf.
Space Security Index 2012 (Waterloo: Spacesecurity.org, Sep. 2012), http://swfound.org/media/93632/SSI_FullReport_2012.pdf.
United Nations Treaties and Principles on Outer Space (New York: United Nations, 2002), http://www.unoosa.org/pdf/publications/STSPACE11E.pdf.

Brownlie, Ian, International Law and the Use of Force by States (Oxford Caredon Press, 1963).
Brünner, Christian, Alexander Soucek (eds.), Outer Space in Society, Politics and Law (Vienna: Springer, 2011).
Bull, Hedley, The Control of the Arms Race: Disarmament and Arms Control in the Missile Age (New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1961).
Chapman, Albert, Bert Chapman, Space Warfare and Defense –A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide (ABL-LLIO, 2008).
Douhet, Giulio, Command of the Air (USAF Warrior Studies) (Office of Air Force History, United States Government Printing Office, June 1983).
Dunoff, Jeffrey L., Steven R. Ratner, David Wippman, International Law: Norms, Actors, Process ( Second Edition ) (Aspen Law & Business Publishers, 2006).
Gallagher, Nancy, and John D. Steinbruner, Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security (Cambridge MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2008), http://www.cissm.umd.edu/papers/files/spacesecuritymonograph.pdf.
Graham, Daniel Orrin, High Frontier: A New National Strategy (Washington DC: High Frontier, 1982).
Hagt, Eric D., Chinese Military Modernization and Its Impact on the United States and the Asia-Pacific (US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Washington, DC, March 30, 2007), http://www.cdi.org/PDFs/EricHagtCongressionalTestimony.pdf.
Hoversten, Michael R., The law governing aerospace warfare in the twenty-first century (Montreal, Quebec: Institute of Air and Space Law, Faculty of Law, Mcgill University, July 2000).
Johnson, Dana J., Scott Pace, C. Bryan Gabbard, Space: Emerging Options for National Power (RAND Coporation, 1998).
Johnson-Freese, Joan, Space as a Strategic Asset(New York: Columbia University Press, 2007).
Kan, Shirley, China’s Anti-Satellite Weapon Test (Washington D.C.: CRS Report to Congress, Apr. 23, 2007), http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS22652.pdf.
Keohane, Robert O., After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984).
Kiselycznyk, Michael, and Phillip C. Saunders, Assessing Chinese Military Transparency (Washington D.C.: National Defense University Press, June 2010).
Klein, John J., SpaceWarfare: Strategy, Principles and Policy (New York: Routledge, 2006).
Lele, Ajey (ed.), Decoding the International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities (New Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies & Analyses, 2012).
Lupton, David E., On Space Warfare –A Space Power Doctrine (Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, June 1988).
MacDonald, Bruce W., China, Space Weapons, and U.S. Security (Council on Foreign Relations Press, Sep. 2008).
Mowthorpe, Matthew, The militarization and weaponization of space (New York: Lexington, 2004).
Pekkanen, Saadia M., and Paul Kallender-Umezu, In Defense of Japan From the Market to the Military in Space Policy (CA: Stanford University Press, 2010).
Pelton, Joseph, Ram Jakhu, Space Safety Regulations and Standards (Butterworth Heinemann, Sep. 2010)
Podvig, Pavel, and Hui Zhang, Russian and Chinese Responses to U.S. Military Plans in Space (Cambridge: The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2008), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/18178/russian_and_chinese_responses_to_us_military_plans_in_space.html
Reisman,W. Michael, Chris T. Antoniou, The Laws of War (New York: Vintage Books, 1994).
Robinson, Jana, The Role of Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Advancing Space Security (Vienna:European Space Policy Institute, Sep. 2010), http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=124827
Robinson, Jana, Matthew Paul Schaefer, Kai-Uwe Schrogl, Frans von der Dunk, Prospects for Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Space (Vienna: European Space Policy Institute, Sep. 2010), http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?id=124817&lng=en
Sauvain, Philip, Themes of the Twentieth Century (Delta Place: Stanley Thornes Ltd., 1996).
Stares, Paul B., Space and National Security (Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1987).
Thornton, Rod, Asymmetric Warfare (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2007).
Vermeer, Arjen, The laws of war in outer space : some legal implications for the jus ad bellum and the jus in bello of the militarisation and weaponisation of outer space (Genève: Centre universitaire de droit international humanitaire, 2006).
Wassenbergh, H A, Principles of Outer Space in Hindsight (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1991).
Waltz, Kenneth N., Theory of International Relations (New York: Random House, 1979).
3. The Collection of the Theses
Cheng, Jingye, “Treaties As An Approach to Reducing Space Vulnerabilities,” in James Clay Moltz, ed., Future Security in Space: Commercial, Military, and Arms Control Trade-offs (UK: The Mountbatten Centre for International Studies).
Cooper, John Cobb, “Fundamental Questions of Outer Space Law,” in Francis Lyall, Pual B. Larsen eds., Space Law (Ashgate Publishing Limited).
Dean, Jonathan, “Defense in space: treaty issues,” in James Clay Moltz, ed., Future Security in Space: Commercial, Military, and Arms Control Trade-offs (UK: The Mountbatten Centre for International Studies).
Gabrynowicz, J. I., “The "Province" and "Heritage" of Mankind Reconsidered: A New Beginning,” The Second Conference on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, Edited by W. W. Mendell, NASA Conference Publication 3166, (1992), pp. 691-695.
Hitchens, Theresa, “Space Weapons: More Security or Less?,” in James Clay Moltz, ed., Future Security in Space: Commercial, Military, and Arms Control Trade-offs (UK: The Mountbatten Centre for International Studies).
McDougall, Robert, Phillip J. Baines, “Military approaches to space vulnerability: seven questions,” in James Clay Moltz, ed., Future Security in Space: Commercial, Military, and Arms Control Trade-offs (UK: The Mountbatten Centre for International Studies).
Meier, Oliver, “Verification Regimes,” in Lester Kurtz ed., Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition) (Elsevier Inc, 2008), pp. 2251-2261.
Meyer, Alex, “Legal Problems of Outer Space,” in Francis Lyall, Pual B. Larsen eds., Space Law (Ashgate Publishing Limited)
Mutschler, Max M., “Preventive Arms Control in Space: Breaking the Deadlock,” Paper presented at ECPR-SGIR 7TH Pan-European International Relations Conference, Sep. 9-11, 2010.
Neuneck, Gotz, “China’s ASAT test—A warning shot or the beginning of an arms race in space?,” The Yearbook on Space Policy 2006/2007 (Springer Vienna, 2008), pp. 211-224.
Pasco, Xavier, “Controlling the freedom of using space: the White House Space Policy dilemma,” Yearbook on Space Policy 2006/2007 (Springer Vienna, 2008), pp. 197-210.
Pictet, Jean, “The Principles of International Humanitarian Law,” Development and Principles of International Humanitarian Law (Geneva: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985).
Primack, Joel R., “Debris and future of space activities,” in James Clay Moltz, ed., Future Security in Space: Commercial, Military, and Arms Control Trade-offs (UK: The Mountbatten Centre for International Studies).
Schmitt, Michael N., “International Law and Military Operations in Space,” in Armin von Bogdandy, Rudiger Wolfrum ed., Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law (Netherlands: Koninklijke Brull N.V., 2006), pp. 89-125.
Suzuki, Kazuto, “Basic law for space activities: A new space policy for Japan for the 21st century,” The Yearbook on Space Policy 2006/2007 (Springer Vienna, 2008), pp. 225-238.
West, Jessica, “Next Generation Space Security Challenges,” Security in space: the next generation e conference report, 31 March- 1 April 2008 (UNIDIR, 2008).
Wolff, Johannes M., “ ‘Peaceful uses’ of outer space has permitted its militarization—does it also mean its weaponization?,” Making Space for Security (Geneva, Switzerland: UNIDIR, 2003), pp. 5-13.
Wulf, Herbert, ‘‘Transparency in armaments and other confidence-building measures,’’ in:Goldblat, J. (ed.), Nuclear Disarmament: Obstacles to Banishing the Bomb (New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers, 2000).
4. Journals
Abbott, Kenneth W., and Duncan Snidal, “Hard and Soft Law in International Governance,” International Organization, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Summer 2000), pp. 421– 456.
Anderson, Douglas S., “A Military Look into Space: The Ultimate High Ground,” Army Lawyer, No. 276 (Nov. 1995), pp. 19- 29.
Baines, Philip J., and Adam Cote, “Promising confidence - and security - building measures for space security,” Disarmament Forum, No. 4 (2009), pp. 5- 16, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8c7060233&lng=en&id=110534
Ball, Carolyn, “What is transparency?,” Public Integrity, Vol. 11, No. 4 (2009), pp. 293- 308.
Bao, Shixiu, “Deterrence Revisited: Outer Space,” China Security (Winter 2007), pp. 2- 11.
Baseley-Walker, Ben, “Outer space, Geneva and the Conference on Disarmament: Future directions,” Space Policy, Vol. 28 (2012), pp. 45- 49.
Bellflower, John W., “The Influence of Law on Command of Space,” Air Force Law Review, Vol. 65 (2010), pp. 107- 144.
Bini, Antonella, “The Moon Agreement in the 21st Century,” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 67 (2010), pp. 496-501.
Blazejewski, Kenneth S., “Space Weaponization and US-China Relations,” Strategic Studies Quarterly (Spring 2008), pp. 33- 55.
Bourbonnier, Michel, Ricky J. Lee, “Legality of the Deployment of Conventional Weapons in Earth Orbit: Balancing Space Law and the Law of Armed Conflict,” European Journal of International Law, Vol. 18, No. 5 (2007), pp. 873- 901.
Brachet, Gerard, Xavier Pasco, “The 2010 US Space policy: A view from Europe,” Space Policy, Vol. 27 (2011), pp. 11- 14.
Brachet, Gerard, Bernard Deloffre, “Space for defence: A European vision,” Space Policy, Vol. 22 (2006), pp. 92- 99.
Brisibe, Tare C., “Customary International Law, Arms Control and the Environment in Outer Space,” Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 8, No. 2 (2009), pp. 375– 393.
Brown, Davis, “A Proposal for an International Convention To Regulate the Use of Information Systems in Armed Conflict,” Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Winter 2006), pp. 179- 221.
Brown, Trevor, “Soft Power and Space Weaponization,” Air and Space Power Journal, Spring 2009, pp. 66- 72 .
Bugnion, François, “Just war, war of aggression and international humanitarian law,” International Review of the Red Cross, No. 847 (30-09-2002), pp. 523- 546.
Burzykowska, Anna, “Smaller states and the new balance of power in space,” Space Policy, Vol. 25 (2009), pp. 187- 192.
Cheng, Bin, “The Legal Status of Outer Space and Relevant Issues: Delimitation of Outer Space and Definition of Peaceful Use,” Journal of Space Law, Vol. 11, No. 1 (1983), pp. 89- 105.
Cheng, Bin, “The Legal Regime of Airspace and Outer Space: The Boundary Problem -Functionalism versus Spatialism: The Major Premises,” Annals of Air and Space Law(AASL), Vol. 5 (1980), pp. 322- 345.
Contant-Jorgenson, Corinne, Petr Lála, Kai-Uwe Schrogl, “The IAA Cosmic Study on space traffic management,” Space Policy, Vol. 22 (2006), pp. 283- 288.
DeBlois, Bruce M., Richard L. Garwin, R. Scott Kemp and Jeremy C. Marwell, “Space Weapons: Crossing the U.S. Rubicon,” International Security, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Autumn 2004), pp. 50- 84.
Englehart, Alex B., “Common Ground in the Sky: Extending the 1967 Outer Space Treaty to Reconcile U.S. and Chinese Security Interests,” Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1 (2008), pp. 133- 156.
Estes III, Howell M., “Space: Fourth Medium of Military Operations,” Defense Issues, Vol. 11, No. 98, http://www.defense.gov/Speeches/Speech.aspx?SpeechID=883.
Frey, Adam E., “Defense of US Space Assets : A Legal Perspective,” Air & Space Power Journal (Winter 2008), pp. 75- 85.
Fuchter, Keny, “China’s Military Space Strategy,” Royal Air Force Air Power Review, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Summer 2009), pp. 52- 75.
Fukushima, Yasuhito, “An Asian perspective on the new US space policy: The emphasis on international cooperation and its relevance to Asia,” Space Policy, Vol. 27 (2011), pp. 3- 6.
Gill, Bates, and Martin Kleiber, “China's Space Odyssey: What the Antisatellite Test Reveals About Decision-Making in Beijing,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 86, Iss. 3 (May/June 2007), pp. 2- 6.
Gleeson, Patrick K., “Perspectives on Space Operations,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 5, No. 2 (2007), pp. 145- 172.
Goh, Gerardine Meishan, “Keeping the peace in outer space: a legal framework for the prohibition of the use of force,” Space policy, Vol. 20, Iss. 4 (2004), pp. 259– 278.
Gunasekara, Surya Gablin, “Mutually assured destruction: space weapons, orbital debris, and the deterrence theory for environmental sustainability,” Air and Space Law, Vol. 37 (2012), pp. 141- 164.
Hagt, Eric D., “China’s ASAT Test: Strategic Response,” China Security (Washington, D.C.), Vol. 3, No. 4 (2007), pp. 31- 51.
Hardesty, David C., “Space-Based Weapons: Long-Term Strategic Implications and Alternatives,” Naval War College Review, Vol. 58, No. 2 (Spring 2005), pp. 45- 68.
Harris, Alexandra, Ray Harris, “The need for air space and outer space demarcation,” Space Policy, Vol. 22 (2006), pp. 3- 7.
Hattrup, Carol, and Elizabeth Waldrop, “Space Law: Past, Present, and Future,” High Frontier, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Fall 2004), pp. 21- 28.
Hays, Peter L., Charles D. Lutes, “Towards a Theory of Spacepower,” Space Policy, Vol. 23 (2007), pp. 206- 207.
Hitchens, Theresa, “Safeguarding Space: Building Cooperative Norms to Dampen Negative Trends,” Disarmament Diplomacy, No. 81 (Winter 2005), pp. 57- 63.
Holst, John Jorgen, “Confidence-Building Measures: A Conceptual Framework,” Survival, Vol. 25, No. 1 (January/February 1983), pp. 2- 15.
Huang, Jia, “New Challenges to the Traditional Principles of the Law of War Presented by Information Operations in Outer Space,” Journal of Politics and Law, Vol. 2, No. 1 (March 2009), pp. 39- 43.
Hughes, William J., “Aerial Intrusions By Civil Airliner And The Use of Force,” Journal of Air and Commerce (1980), pp. 595- 620.
Hyten, John, Robert Uy, “Moral and Ethical Decisions Regarding Space Warfare Space Power in Joint Operations,” Air & Space Power Journal (Summer 2004), pp. 51-60.
Imburgia, Joseph S., ““ Bloodless Weapons” The Need to Conduct Legal Reviews of Certain Capabilities and the Implication of Defining Them as“Weapon”,” The Air Force law Review, Vol. 66 (2010), pp. 157- 192.
Jakhu, Ram, “Capacity building in space law and space policy,” Advances in Space Research, Vol. 44 (2009), pp. 1051- 1054.
Johnson-Freese, Joan, Thomas M. Nichols, “Space, Security, and the New Nuclear Triad,” The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 14, Iss. 1 (Fall/Winter 2007), pp. 159- 172.
Johnson, Rebecca, “Security Without Weapons in Space: Challenges and Options,” Disarmament Forum, No. 1 (2003), pp. 53- 65, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8c7060233&lng=en&id=47810
Johnson, Rebecca, “Multilateral Approaches to Preventing the Weaponization of Space,” Disarmament Diplomacy, No. 56 (April 2001), http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd56/56rej.htm
Klein, John J., “The Influence of Technology on Space Strategy,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1 (2012), pp. 8- 26.
Kleinberg, Howard, “On War in Space,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2007), pp. 1- 27.
Kopal, Vladimir, “The Question of Defining Outer Space,” Journal of Space Law, Vol. 8, No. 2 (1980), pp. 154- 173.
Koplow, David A., “ASAT-isfaction: Customary International Law and the Regulation of Anti-Satellite Weapons,” Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 30 (Summer 2009), pp. 1187- 1272.
Krepon, Michael, “China’s Military Space Strategy: An Exchange (Forum): Opening Pandora’s Box,” Survival, Vol. 50, No. 1 (February 2008), pp. 157- 163.
Kries, Wulf von, “The demise of the ABM Treaty and the militarization of outer space,” Space Policy, Vol. 18 (2002), pp. 175-178.
Lambakis, Steven, “Missile defense from space,” Policy Review (Feb. & March 2007), pp. 47- 58.
Liao, Shu-Hsien, “Will China become a military space superpower,” Space Policy, Vol. 21 (2005), pp. 205- 212.
Ling, Yan, “Prevention of Outer Space Weaponization under International Law: A Chinese Lawyer’s Perspective,” Journal of East Asia & International Law, No. 4-2 (October 2011), pp. 271- 289.
Lord, Lance W., “Why America Needs Space: The Prerequisites for Success,” High Frontier Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1 (2005), pp. 2- 4.
Lord, Lance W., “Space Superiority,” High Frontier (Winter 2005), pp. 3- 4.
Lópeza, Laura Delgado, “Predicting an Arms Race in Space: Problematic Assumptions for Space Arms Control,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1 (2012), pp. 49- 67.
Maresca, L., “Cluster munitions: moving toward specific regulation,” Disarmament Forum, No. 4 (2006), pp. 27- 34.
Meyer, Paul, “The Judgment of PAROS: How Best to Prevent an Arms Race in Outer Space,” Simons Papers in Security and Development, No. 19 (March 2012), School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
Milowicki, Gene V., and Joan Johnson-Freese, “Strategic Choices: Examining The United States Military Response To The Chinese Anti-Satellite Test,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 6, No. 1 (2008), pp. 1- 21.
Moltz, James Clay, “Protecting safe access to space: Lessons from the first 50 years of space security,” Space Policy, Vol. 23 (2007), pp. 199- 205.
Moltz, James Clay, “The Past , Present, and Future of Space Security,” The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 14, Iss. 1 (Fall/Winter 2007), pp. 190- 195.
Montluc, Bertrand de, “The new international political and strategic context for space policies,” Space Policy, Vol. 25 (2009), pp. 20- 28.
Mueller, Karl P., “Totem and Taboo: Depolarizing the Space Weaponization Debate,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Spring 2003), pp. 4- 28.
Müller, Harald, “Compliance Politics: A Critical Analysis of Multilateral Arms Control Treaty Enforcement,” The Nonproliferation Review (summer 2000), pp. 77- 90.
Murthia, K.R. Sridhara, A. Bhaskaranarayanab, H.N. Madhusudanab, “New developments in Indian space policies and programmes—The next five years,” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 66, Iss. 3–4 (February–March 2010), pp. 333– 340.
Mutschler, Max M., Christophe Venet, “The European Union as an emerging actor in space security?,” Space Policy, Vol. 28 (2012), pp. 118- 124.
Oduntan, Gbenga, “The Never Ending Dispute: Legal Theories on the Spatial Demarcation Boundary Plane between Airspace and Outer Space,” Hertfordshire Law Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 64- 84.
Pace, Scott, “Strengthening Space Security –Advancing US Interests in Outer Space,” Harvard International Review (Spring 2012), pp. 54- 59.
Park, Andrew T., “Incremental Steps for Achieving Space Security: The Need for a New Way of Thinking to Enhance the Legal Regime for Space,” Houston Journal of International Law, Vol. 28, No. 3 (2006), pp. 871- 912.
Pavelec, Sterling Michael, “The Inevitability of the Weaponization of Space: Technological Constructivism Versus Determinism,” Astropolitics: The International Journal of Space Politics & Policy, Vol. 10, No. 1 (2012), pp. 39- 48.
Peoples, Columba, “The Securitization of Outer Space: Challenges for Arms Control,” Contemporary Security Policy, Vol. 32, Iss. 1 (2011), pp. 76- 98.
Petras, Christopher M., “Space Force Alpha’s military use of the International Space Station and the concept of ‘Peaceful Purposes ’,” Air Force Law Review, Vol. 53, No. 2 (2002), pp. 135- 181.
Rajagopalan, Rajeswari Pillai, “India’s Changing Policy on Space Militarization: The Impact of China’s ASAT Test,” India Review, Vol. 10, No. 4 (October–December, 2011), pp. 354- 378.
Rathgeber, Wolfgang, Nina-Louisa Remuss, Kai-Uwe Schrogl , “Space Security and the European Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities,” Disarmament Forum, Vol. 10, No. 4 (2009), pp. 33- 41.
Reinhardt, Dean N., “The Vertical Limit of State Sovereignty,” Journal of Air Law and Commerce, Vol. 72, No. 1 (Winter 2007), pp. 65- 137.
Reynolds, Glenn Harlan, “The Moon Treaty : Prospects for the Future,” Space Policy, Vol. 11, No. 2 (1995), pp. 115- 120.
Roberts, Lawrence D., “Addressing the Problem of Orbital Space Debris: Combining International Regulatory and Liability Regimes,” Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, Vol. 15, Iss. 1 (1992), pp. 51- 73.
Robinson, Jana, “Transparency and confidence-building measures for space security,” Space Policy, Vol. 27, Iss. 1 (February 2011), pp. 27– 37.
Sadeh, Eligar, “Space policy challenges facing the Barack Obama administration,” Space Policy, Vol. 25 (2009), pp. 109- 116.
Schachter, Oscar, “Self-Defense and the Rule of Law,” The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 83, No. 2 (Apr. 1989), pp. 259- 277.
Schmitt, Michael N., “Military Necessity and Humanity in International Humanitarian Law: Preserving the Delicate Balance,” Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 795- 839, http://www.vjil.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/VJIL-50.4-Schmitt-Essay.pdf.
Scott, William B., “Pentagon Considers Space As New Area of Responsibility,” Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 146, No. 12 (March 24, 1997), pp. 54- 57.
Shackelford, Scott J., “Governing the Final Frontier: A Polycentric Approach to Managing Space Weaponization and Orbital Debris,” Yale Law & Policy Review (2013), Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1972308
Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Olav Schram Stokke and Jørgen Wettestad, “Soft Law, Hard Law, and Effective Implementation of International Environmental Norms,” Global Environmental Politics, Vol. 6, No. 3 (August 2006), pp. 104- 120.
Snyder, Francis, “The Effectiveness of European Community Law: Institutions, Processes, Tools and Techniques,” Modern Law Review, Vol. 56 (1993), pp. 19- 56.
Su, Jinyuan, “The environmental dimension of space arms control,” Space Policy, Vol. 29 (2013), pp. 58- 66.
Su, Jinyuan, “Towards an effective and adequately verifiable PPWT,” Space Policy, Vol. 26 (2010), pp. 152– 154.
Su, Jinyuan, “The“ peaceful purposes” principle in outer space and the Russia-China PPWT proposal,” Space Policy, Vol. 26 (2010), pp. 81- 90.
Suzuki, Kazuto, “Administrative Reforms and Policy Logics of Japanese Space Policy,” Space Policy, Vol. 22 (2005), pp. 11- 19.
Takaya-Umehara, Yuri, “TCBMs over the military use of outer space,” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 67 (2010), pp. 1299– 1305.
Tan, David, “Towards a New Regime for the Protection of Outer Space as the ‘Province of All Mankind,” Yale Journal of International Law, Vol. 25 (2000), pp. 145- 194.
Teng, Jiangun, “Trends in China’s Space Program and the Prevention of Outer Space Weaponization,” WSI China Security, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Winter 2006), pp. 65- 72.
Tirpak, John A., “The New Air Force Program,” Air Force Magazine, Vol. 89, No. 7 (July 2006), http://www.airforcemag.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/2006/July%202006/0706program.aspx
Tronchetti, Fabio, “Preventing the weaponization of outer space: is a Chinese–Russia-European common approach possible?,” Space Policy, Vol. 27 (2011), pp. 81- 88.
Waldrop, Elizabeth S., “Integration of Military and Civilian Space Assets: Legal and National Security Implications,” The Air Force Law Review, Vol. 55 (2004), pp. 157- 232.
Walsh, Frank M, “Forging a diplomatic shield for American satellites : the case for reevaluating the 2006 National Space Policy in light of a Chinese anti-satellite system,” Journal of Air Law and Commerce, Vol. 72 (2007), pp. 759- 799.
Wang, Haiping, “Comments on the 2007 Draft Manual on International Humanitarian Law in Air and Missile Warfare,” Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 107- 113.
Weston, Scott a., “Examining Space Warfare Scenarios, Risks, and US Policy Implications,” Air and Space Power Journal, Spring 2009, pp. 73-80.
Winand, Timothy E., “Space-Based Weapons: The Next Dimension in Force. Application,” Proceedings of the U.S. Naval Inst., Vol. 130, Iss. 7 (July 2004), pp. 40- 51.
Womack, Brantly, “How size matters: the United States, China and asymmetry,” Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 24, No. 4 (2001), pp. 123- 150.
Wright, Quincy,“The Meaning of the Pact of Paris,”The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan. 1933), pp. 39-61.
Yonas, Gerold, “Research and the Strategic Defense Initiaitve,” International Security, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Fall 1986), pp. 185- 189.
Zhang, Baohui, “The Security Dilemma in the US-China Military Space Relationship,” Asian Survey, Vol. 51, No. 2 (March/April 2011), pp. 311- 332.
5. Websites
“10 USC § 2274 - Space situational awareness services and information: provision to non-United States Government entities,” Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School, http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/2274
“Advanced Hypersonic Weapon (AHW),” GlobalSecurity.org, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/munitions/ahw.htm
“Airborne laser testbed successful in lethal intercept experiment,” US AIR FORCE, Feb. 12, 2010, http://www.mda.mil/news/10news0002.html
“An Introduction to Conference on Disarmament,” The United Nations Office in Geneve, http://www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/BF18ABFEFE5D344DC1256F3100311CE9?OpenDocument
“Bush Announces ABM Treaty withdrawal,” US Department of Defense, http://www.defense.gov/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=44365.
“Bolden Heads to China Amid Lawmaker Concern,” Space News, October 15, 2010, http://www.spacenews.com/article/bolden-heads-china-amid-lawmaker-concern l
“Code of Conduct on Space: India Should Lead the Way,” Observer Research Foundation, May 31, 2011, http://www.observerindia.com/cms/sites/orfonline/modules/report/ReportDetail.html?cmaid=23591&mmacmaid=23592
“Commission To Assess United States National Security Space Management And Organization,” January 11, 2001, http://www.dod.mil/pubs/spaceintro.pdf.
“Convention Relating to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation Signed at Paris, October 13, 1919,” http://www.aviation.go.th/airtrans/airlaw/1914.html.
“Convention Relating to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation. Signed at Paris, October 13, 1919 (Paris Convention),” The University of Mississippi school of law, http://web1.olemiss.edu/ncrsasl/atlas/archive/files/d1eb62cac867b95267727b5f63b515d3.pdf.
“Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space,” http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/SpaceLaw/lpos.html.
“Declaration of the First Meeting of Equatorial Countries,” http://www.spacelaw.olemiss.edu/library/space/International_Agreements/declarations/1976_bogota_declaration.pdf.
“Ensuring America’s Space Security, Space Panel Report 2: Executive Summary,” Federation of American Scientists, September 2004, http://www.fas.org/pubs/_pages/space_report.html.
“Fact Sheet: The National Space Policy,” The White House, http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/fact-sheet-national-space-policy
“Firsts in Space,” Zarya, http://www.zarya.info/Gallimaufry/Firsts.php
“Galileo : a constellation of 30 navigation satellites,” European Space Agency, http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Navigation/The_future_-_Galileo/Galileo_a_constellation_of_30_navigation_satellites.
“Index of Online General Assembly Resolutions Relating to Outer Space,” UNOOSA, http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/zh/SpaceLaw/gares/index.html.
“International civil aviation organization,” http://legacy.icao.int/eshop/pub/anx_info/an07_info_en.pdf.
“Keeping the Space Environment Safe for Civil and Commercial Users,” U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics, April 28, 2009, http://www.hq.nasa.gov/legislative/hearings/2009%20hearings/4-28-09%20Hearing%20Charter.pdf.
“Matters relating to the definition and delimitation of outer space: reply of the Netherlands,” A/AC.105/C.2/2010/CRP.10, Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, March 19, 2010, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/pdf/limited/c2/AC105_C2_2010_CRP10E.pdf.
“Model code of conduct for responsible space-faring nations,” The Henry L. Stimson Center, Washington DC, 2007, http://www.stimson.org/research-pages/model-code-of-conduct-for-responsible-space-faring-nations/
“National legislation and practice relating to definition and delimitation of outer space,” UNOOSA, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/en/SpaceLaw/national/def-delim/index.html.
“National Missile Defense,” Globalsecurity.org, http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/systems/nmd.htm
“News and Features,” NASA, http://www.nasa.gov/news/debris_faq.html
“Opposing Weapons in Space,” The Ploughshares Monitor, Vol. 23, Iss. 3 (Autumn 2002), http://ploughshares.ca/pl_publications/opposing-weapons-in-space
“Orbital Debris Quarterly News,” Vol. 17, Iss. 1, NASA, http://orbitaldebris.jsc.nasa.gov/newsletter/pdfs/ODQNv17i1.pdf.
“Orbital Debris Quarterly News,” Vol. 17, Iss. 3, NASA, http://orbitaldebris.jsc.nasa.gov/newsletter/pdfs/ODQNv17i3.pdf.
“Outer Space-Militarization, weaponization, and the Prevention of an arms race,” Reaching critical will, http://reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/fact-sheets/critical-issues/5448-%20%20outer-space
“Questions on the definition and delimitation of outer space: replies from Member States,” 2012, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/SpaceLaw/national/def-delim/question.html.
“Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space,” UNOOSA, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/SORegister/regist.html.
“Report of the Legal Subcommittee on the work of its forty-forth session, held in Vienna from 4-15 April 2005 (A/AC.105/850),” Legal Subcommittee: 2005 Forty-fourth session (4-15 April 2005), http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/COPUOS/Legal/2005/index.html.
“Report of the Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization,” January 11, 2001, http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/space/space_commission/
“Report to the Secretary of Defense: Military Space Operations,” US General Accounting Office, September 2002, http://www.fas.org/spp/military/gao/gao02738.pdf4
“Space Debris from Anti-Satellite Weapons,” Union of Concerned Scientists, http://www.ucsusa.org/global_security/space_weapons/space-debris-fromanti-satellite-weapons.html.
“Statement by the Chinese Delegation on Outer Space at the Thematic Debate at the First Committee of the UNGA,” http://www.un.org/disarmament/special/meetings/firstcommittee/67/pdfs/Thematic/23%20Oct%20TD%20Clust%203%20China.pdf.
“The Chinese Conspiracy In Orbital Space,” strategy page, https://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htspace/articles/20130611.aspx.
“The Status of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Signatories and Ratifiers,"http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/ctbtsig.
“Three Things Distinguish Hard from Soft Law,” Smart Library on Globalization, http://clg.portalxm.com/library/keytext.cfm?keytext_id=66
“Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems,” Department of State USA, http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms/treaties/abm/abm2.html.
“United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space," UNOOSA, http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/COPUOS/copuos.html
“UN Advances: 'confidence-building measures in outer space' pushed by Russia-China,” Spaceports, http://spaceports.blogspot.jp/2009/11/un-advances-confidence-building.html.
“U.S. National Space Policy(Unclassified),” GlobalSecurity.org, http://www.globalsecurity.org/space/library/policy/national/us-space-policy_060831.htm.
“USSPACECOM Long Range Plan—Vision for 2020,” http://www.fas.org/spp/military/docops/usspac/lrp/ch02.htm#Control of Space
” Weapons of Terror—Freeing the World of Nuclear ,Biological and Chemical Arms,” Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, http://www.blixassociates.com
“What is Galileo?, Fact Sheet” European Space Agency, http://download.esa.int/docs/Galileo_IOV_Launch/Galileo_factsheet_2012.pdf.
“Windows to the universe,” http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Atmosphere/stratosphere.html

Ball, Philip, “Time to rethink the Outer Space Treaty,"Nature, http://www.nature.com/news/2007/071004/full/news.2007.142.html.
Bourbonniere, Michel, Louis Haeck, “Jus in Bello Spatialis,” The Space Studies Institute, pp. 141- 150, http://www.nss.org/settlement/manufacturing/SM12.141.JusInBelloSpatialis.pdf.
Burghardt, Tom, “The Militarization of Outer Space: The Pentagon’s “Space Warriors”,” Global Research, May 09, 2010, http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-militarization-of-outer-space-the-pentagon-s-space-warriors/19074.
Clode, George, “The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet : a Military Times Classic,” Military History Monthly, January 10, 2011, http://www.military-history.org/books/the-command-of-the-air-by-giulio-douhet-military-times-classic.htm.
Crockett, Jameson W., “Space Warfare in the Here and Now: the Rules of Engagement for US Weaponized Satellites in the Current Legal Space Regime,” January 2012, http://works.bepress.com/jameson_crockett/2
DeSutter, Paula, “Is An Outer Space Arms Control Treaty Verifiable?,” The George Marshall Institute, March 4, 2008, http://www.marshall.org/article.php?id=592
Dolman, Everett, Peter Hays and Karl P. Mueller, “Toward a U.S. Grand Strategy in Space,” The George C. Marshall Institute, March 10, 2006, http://www.marshall.org/pdf/materials/408.pdf.
Engels, Frederick, “Theory of Force,” http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1877/anti-duhring/ch15.htm
Estabrooks, Sarah, “Options for Preventing the Weaponization of Space,” Peace Magazine, Jul-Sep 2003, p. 10, http://peacemagazine.org/archive/v19n3p10.htm.
Faiz, Pan Mohamad, “An Overview of Use of Force, Self-Defense and Human Intervention,” http://faizlawjournal.blogspot.com/2007/02/use-of-force-and-self-defence.html.
Fihn, Beatrice, “Thematic discussion on prevention of an arms race in outer space,” Reaching Critical Will, http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/disarmament-fora/cd/2011/reports/424-thematic-discussion-on-prevention-of-an-arms-race-in-outer-space.
Granoff, Jonathan, Craig Eisendrath, “United States—Masters of Space?,” Global Security Institute, Dec. 2005, http://www.gsinstitute.org/docs/Vision2020_Analysis.pdf.
Grego, Laura, “Short History of US and Soviet ASAT Programs,” Union of Concerned Scientists, http://www.ucsusa.org/assets/documents/nwgs/asat_history.pdf.
Hambling, David, “US boasts of laser weapon's 'plausible deniability',” NewScientist, August 12, 2008, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn14520
Hashimoto, Yasuaki, “Space Debris and Security,” The National Institute for Defense Studies News, February 2013, http://www.nids.go.jp/english/publication/briefing/pdf/2013/briefing_e173.pdf.
Hitchens, Theresa, “Transparency and Confidence Building in Outer Space: Inching Toward,” Federation of American Scientists, Winter 2011, Action,pp.1-6,https://www.fas.org/pubs/pir/2011winter/2011Winter-Transparency.pdf.
Hoffman, Carl, “China's Space Threat: How Missiles Could Target U.S. Satellites,” Popular Mechanics, http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/military/satellites/4218443-3.
Hu, Yumin, “U.S. Building “Global First Strike Capacity” Against Russia and China,” Global Research, http://www.globalresearch.ca/u-s-building-global-first-strike-capacity-against-russia-and-china/5318728.
Hurtak, J.J., “Existing Space Law Concepts and Legislation Proposals,” The Academy for Future Science, http://www.affs.org/html/existing_space_law_concepts.html.
Hyten, John E., “A Sea of Peace or a Theater of War: Dealing with the Inevitable Conflict in Space,” Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security (ACDIS) Occasional Paper, April 2000, “Introduction,” http://acdis.illinois.edu/publications/207/publication-ASeaofPeaceoraTheaterofWarDealingwiththeInevitableConflictinSpace.html
Jaramillo, Cesar, “Limited rules of engagement: Even if the Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities is adopted, a significant void will remain,” The Ploughshares Monitor, http://ploughshares.ca/pl_publications/limited-rules-of-engagement-even-if-the-code-of-conduct-for-outer-space-activities-is-adopted-a-significant-void-will-remain/
Kelly, Jack, “U.S. far outdistancing potential competitors in space-weapons race,” Teledo Blade (Ohio) Block News Alliance, July 28, 2003, http://www.toledoblade.com/frontpage/2003/07/28/U-S-far-outdistancing-potential-competitors-in-space-weapons-race.html.
Korab-Karpowicz, W. J., “In Defense of International Order: Grotius’s Critique of Machiavellism,” http://www.venturapolo.com/uploads/Publication_Grotius.pdf.
Krepon, Michael, “Will the Bush Administration Endorse a Space Code of Conduct,” Space News, March 5, 2007, http://www.stimson.org/summaries/will-the-bush-administration-endorse-a-space-code-of-conduct/
Krepon, Michael, “Russia and China Propose a Treaty Banning Space Weapons, while the Pentagon Plans an ASAT Test,” The Henry L. Stimson Center, February 14, 2008, http://www.stimson.org/spotlight/russia-and-china-propose-a-treaty-banning-space-weapons-while-the-pentagon-plans-an-asat-test-/
Kueter, Jeff, “Do we need a code of conduct for space? considering recent developments in the effort to change behavior in space,” Policy Outlook, George C. Marshall Institute, February 2012, http://marshall.org/space-policy/do-we-need-a-code-of-conduct-for-space-considering-recent-developments-in-the-effort-to-change-behavior-in-space/
Kyl, Jon, “China's Anti-Satellite Weapons and American National Security,” The Heritage Foundation, February 1, 2007, http://www.heritage.org/research/lecture/chinas-anti-satellite-weapons-and-american-national-security.
Lele, Ajey, “Space Code of Conduct: Inadequate Mechanism,” Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses, June 18, 2012, http://idsa.in/idsacomments/SpaceCodeofConductInadequateMechanism_AjeyLele_180612.
Listner, Michael J., “A space code of conduct is far from certain, but is it the endgame?,” Observer Research Foundation, August 10, 2012, http://www.orfonline.org/cms/sites/orfonline/modules/analysis/AnalysisDetail.html?cmaid=40625&mmacmaid=40626.
MacRae, Michael, “Next-Generation GPS,” ASME.org, Dec. 2012, https://www.asme.org/engineering-topics/articles/aerospace-defense/next-generation-gps.
Manriquez, Manuel, “Japan's Space Law Revision: the Next Step Toward Re-Militarization?,” NTI, January 1, 2008, http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/japans-space-law-revision/
Maogoto, Jackson Nyamuya, Steven Freeland , “The Final Frontier: The Laws of Armed Conflict and Space Warfare,” Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1079376
Moltz, James Clay, “Breaking the Deadlock on Space Arms Control,” The Arms Control Association, http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2002_04/moltzapril02.
Novak, Gregor,“Confronting the Risk of Conventional Weaponization in Outer Space,”European Society of International Law, Conference Paper No. 6/2011, http://ssrn.com/abstract=1968675.
Oberg, Jim, Space Power Theory, http://space.au.af.mil/books/Oberg.ch01.pdf.
Peters, Gerhard, and John T. Woolley, “Dwight D. Eisenhower: "Letter to Nikolai Bulganin, Chairman, Council of Ministers, U. S. S. R.," February 17, 1958,” The American Presidency Project, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=11285.
Rajagopalan, Rajeswari Pillai, “Drawing the Boundaries-- Ideal Ingredients of a Space Code,” January 04, 2013, Observer Research Foundation, http://www.orfonline.org/cms/sites/orfonline/modules/analysis/AnalysisDetail.html?cmaid=46366&mmacmaid=46367
Rathgeber, Wolfgang, Nina-Louisa Remuss, Kai-Uwe Schrogl, “Space Security and the European Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities,” Disarmament forum, UNIDIR, 2009, pp. 33- 41, http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8c7060233&lng=en&id=110539
Rose, Frank A., “The U.S. National Space Policy, International Cooperation and the Pursuit of TCBMs,” U.S. State Department, October 14, 2010, http://www.state.gov/t/avc/rls/149491.htm
Rozoff, Rick, “Militarization Of Space: Threat Of Nuclear War On Earth,” June 18, 2009, Stop NATO, http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stopnato/message/40144
Saunders, Phillip, Jing-dong Yuan, Stephanie Lieggi, and Angela Deters, “China's Space Capabilities and the Strategic Logic of Anti-Satellite Weapons,” Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), http://cns.miis.edu/stories/020722.htm.
Schaap, Arie J., “Cyber warfare operations: development and use under international law,” Air Force Law Review (Dec. 2009), http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Cyber+warfare+operations%3A+development+and+use+under+international+law-a0212035712.
Schmitt, Michael N., “International Law and Military Operations in Space,” http://www.mpil.de/files/pdf3/04_schmittii1.pdf.
Selding, Peter B. de, ‘‘U.S. Endorses Idea of Space Code of Conduct—With National Security Caveat,’’ Space News, January 18, 2012, http://www.spacenews.com/policy/120118-us-endorses-spacecode.html.
Shachtman, Noah, “Pentagon Preps for War in Space,” Wired News, Feb. 20, 2004, http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2004/02/62358?currentPage.
Stokes, Mark A., Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for US Interests,” Project 2049 Institute, April 26, 2012, http://www.uscc.gov/Research/chinas-evolving-space-capabilities-implications-us-interests
Suzuki, Kazuto, “Space Code of Conduct: A Japanese perspective,” Observer Research Foundation, July 25, 2012, http://www.orfonline.com/cms/sites/orfonline/modules/analysis/AnalysisDetail.html?cmaid=40030&mmacmaid=40031
Tannenwald, Nina, “Law Versus Power on the High Frontier: The Case for a Rule-Based Regime for Outer Space,” pp. 1- 56, http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/7902/1/tannenwald.pdf.
Tellis, Ashley J., “Punching the U.S. Military’s ‘Soft Ribs’: China’s Antisatellite Weapon Test in Strategic Perspective,” Policy Brief, No. 51 (June 2007), http://carnegieendowment.org/files/pb_51_tellis_final.pdf.
Tyson, Rhianna, “Avenue for Progress,” Advancing a Cooperative Security Regime in Outer Space (Policy Brief of Global Security Institute), http://gsinstitute.s3.amazonaws.com/assets/gsi/pubs/05_07_space_brief.pdf.
Vereshchetin, V V.S., “The Law of Outer Space in the General Legal Field (Commonality and Particularities),” Revista Brasileira de Direito Aeronáutico e Espacial, abril 2010, http:// www.sbda.org.br/revista/1826.pdf‎.
Watts, Barry D., “The Implications of China’s Military and Civil Space Programs,” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, May 2011, pp. 1- 9, http://www.csbaonline.org/publications/2011/05/the-implications-of-chinas-military-and-civil-space-programs/
Weeden, Brian, “Alternatives to a space weapons treaty,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, April 17, 2009, http://thebulletin.org/alternatives-space-weapons-treaty
Wolter, Detlev, “Legal Foundations and Essential Treaty Elements for a System of Common Security in Outer Space,” Global Security Institute, May 2007, http://www.worldacademy.org/files/System_of_Common_Security_in_Outer_Space.pdf.
Wortzel, Larry M., Kendall K. Brown,” Space Power Integration –Perspectives from Space Weapons Officers,” http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/au/brown_space_power.pdf.
Wortzel, Larry M., “The Chinese People's Liberation Army and Space Warfare-- Emerging United States-China Military Competition,” AEI Online, October 17, 2007, http://www.aei.org/papers/foreign-and-defense-policy/regional/asia/the-chinese-peoples-liberation-army-and-space-warfare/
Wright, David, and Laura Grego, “Anti-satellite (ASAT) Capabilities of US Missile Defense Systems,” Dec. 9, 2002, http://www.ucsusa.org/nuclear_weapons_and_global_security/space_weapons/technical_issues/anti-satellite-asat.html.
Zhang, Hui, “Action/Reaction: U.S. Space Weaponization and China,” Arms Control Association, http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2005_12/DEC-CVR
6. Media
“China Criticized for Anti-Satellite Missile Test,” The Washington Post, January 19, 2007, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/18/AR2007011801029.html.
“Chinese anti-satellite test sparks concern: U.S. and other countries react to reports about orbital weapon,” NBC NEWS, http://www.nbcnews.com/id/16689558/

Dyomkin, Denis,“Putin says Russia to launch first manned space flight from its soil in 2018,” Reuters, April 12, 2013, http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/12/us-russia-space-idUSBRE93B0HZ20130412
Gertz, Bill, “New space-arms control initiative draws concern,” The Washington Times, January 16, 2012, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/jan/16/new-space-arms-control-initiative-draws-concern/?page=all.
Smith, Jack A, “The Next War, And The Next Part 2, The militarization of outer space,” Asia Times, March 10, 2007, http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Front_Page/IC10Aa01.html.
Weiner, Tim, “Air Force Seeks Bush's Approval for Space Weapons Programs,” The New York Times, May 18, 2005, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/18/business/18space.html?pagewanted=print&_r=0
Wirbel, Loring, “U.S.‘negation’policy in space raises concerns abroad,” EE Times, May 22, 2003, http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article3509.htm.

日文部份
一、書籍
宇宙空間における軍備管理問題 (東京: 財団法人日本国際問題研究所軍縮・不拡散促進センター,平成20年3月)
新たな宇宙環境と軍備管理を含めた宇宙利用の規制 (東京: 財団法人日本国際問題研究所軍縮・不拡散促進センター,平成22年3月)
二、期刊
橋本靖明,宇宙基本法の成立 -日本の宇宙安保政策,防衛研究所ニュース,2008年7月号,頁1-4.
三、網路資料
宇宙開発戦略本部,日本首相官邸,http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/utyuu/
青木節子,宇宙の軍事利用を規律する国際法の現状と課題,慶應義塾大学総合政策学ワーキングペーパーシリーズ,No.67,2005 年4 月,頁1-34. http://coe21-policy.sfc.keio.ac.jp/ja/wp/WP67.pdf
橋本靖明,宇宙基本法の成立 -日本の宇宙安保政策,防衛研究所ニュース,2008年7月号,頁1-4. http://www.nids.go.jp/publication/briefing/pdf/2008/briefing722.pdf
四、媒體資料
日本の「レーダー4号機」本格運用、衛星による情報収集能力を強化―中国メディア, Yahoo!ニュース,2013年4月30日, http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20130430-00000021-rcdc-cn
米、実験目的の説明要求 中国の「観測ロケット」 対衛星兵器を警戒, MSN産経ニュース,2013,5,18, http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130518/chn13051816090004-n1.htm
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 郭靜姿、林美和、胡寶玉(2006)。女性資優生在工作會學業上的助力、阻力、因應及轉變。教育研究月刊,143, 41-56。
2. 徐秀娟(2007)。追求音樂成就的迢迢學習路:七位資深音樂教師對臺灣音樂學生的反思。國立臺南大學:教育研究學報,41(2),49-67。
3. 林美珠(2000)。敘事研究:從生命故事出發。輔導季刊,36(4),27-34。
4. 李錦雯(2010)。基層鋼琴教師教學信念與教學行為探討。藝術教育研究,19,149-180。
5. 呂佳陵(2008)。高中職音樂班主修西樂學生人格特質、學習動機、學習適應與生涯抉擇之研究。國立臺中技術學院學報,9(2),49-76。
6. 王震武(2002)。升學主義的成因及其社會心理基礎:一個歷史觀察。本土心理學研究,17,3-66。
7. 王恭志(2002)。從團體動力談小學教師班級經營策略。研習資訊,5(19),88-96。
8. 丁樹範,「中美關於太空、導彈防衛與核武政策爭議之研究」,中國大陸研究,第53卷第1期 (民國99年3月),頁99-125。
9. 王崑義,「中國發展北斗衛星系統對台灣安全 的威脅與因應之道」,全球政治評論,第34期 (2011),頁41-70。
10. 邱坤玄、黃鴻博,「中國的負責任大國身分建構與外交實踐:以參與國際裁軍與軍備管制建制為例」,中國大陸研究,第53卷第2期 (民國99年6月),頁73-102。
11. 林正義,「台海兩岸『信任建立措施』芻議」,國防雜誌,第13卷第12期 (民87年6月),頁1-10。
12. 侯權峰,「國際太空法的基本原則」,問題與研究,42 卷 5 期 (2003 年9月),頁165 – 207。
13. 袁易,「重新思考太空安全:一個中國建構安全規範之解析」,中國大陸研究,第52卷第2期 (民98年6月),頁1-41。
14. 陳欣之,「霸權治理的省思:權力消長與權威起伏」,問題與研究,第49卷第1期 (民99年3月),頁62。
15. 楊永明,「國際限武裁軍機制與規範:國際關係理論與國際法規範之檢驗」,問題與研究,第43卷第3期 (2004 年5、6 月),頁77-96。
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔