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研究生:鄭宇喬
研究生(外文):Yu-Chiao Cheng
論文名稱:父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The relationship among parents’ rearing attitudes, self- consciousness, rejection sensitivity, and social anxiety of college students
指導教授:陳秀蓉陳秀蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiu-Jung Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:158
中文關鍵詞:教養態度自我意識拒絕敏感度社交焦慮
外文關鍵詞:rearing attitudesself- consciousnessrejection sensitivitysocial anxiety
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:15
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  • 下載下載:164
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
目的:社交焦慮為一普遍的現象,每個人皆可能會在人際互動中經驗到不同程度的社交焦慮,並因此而影響個人的人際關係與身心健康,嚴重者更可能罹患社交焦慮疾患(social anxiety disorder)。個人如何發展出社交焦慮,從相關文獻可發現,早前父母之關愛與保護可能影響個體日後的社交焦慮,且過往研究亦指出個體的自我意識及人際間的拒絕敏感度,亦與個體的社交焦慮有關。因此本研究有三項目的:(一)探討父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮之間的關係。(二)了解不同的父母親教養態度類型對個人自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮之差異。(三)了解自我意識與拒絕敏感度是否中介父母親教養態度與社交焦慮間的關係。
方法:本研究對象為大學各年級學生共833名,以方便取樣進行抽樣。使用自陳式問卷收集資料,分別是:雙親教養態度量表、自我意識量表、拒絕敏感度量表,以及社交畏懼症評量表。後續並以Pearson積差相關、多變量變異數分析(MANOVA)、共變數分析(ANCOVA)與結構方程模式(SEM)進行統計考驗。
結果:針對研究目的一發現:父親與母親的「關懷」分別與「外表意識」、「內在狀態覺知」皆有顯著正相關;父親的「保護」與「內在狀態覺知」有顯著負相關。母親的「保護」則分別與「外表意識」及「內在狀態覺知」有顯著負相關,並與「一般印象」有顯著正相關。父親與母親的「關懷」分別與所有的拒絕敏感度及社交焦慮向度有顯著負相關;父親與母親的「保護」則分別與所有的拒絕敏感度及社交焦慮向度有顯著正相關。相關結果大部分符合預期。
針對研究目的二發現,不同父親教養類型之大學生,分別在自我意識、拒絕敏感度及社交焦慮的各項度上有顯著差異。不同母親教養類型大學生分別在自我意識與社交焦慮之各向度上皆有顯著差異,拒絕敏感度部份,不同母親教養類型大學生僅在「對晚輩題出個人需要」上有顯著差異。
針對研究目的三則發現:「一般印象」、「外表意識」與「拒絕敏感度」皆具完全中介效果,分別中介父母親教養態度之向度至與二類社交焦慮間的關係。研究並找到三者間的結構模式,結果大致符合預期。
討論:結果呈現不同的父親或母親之教養類型會影響大學生的自我意識、拒絕敏感度及社交焦慮;而父母親教養態度中的不同向度,各會透過自我意識與拒絕敏感度影響大學生的社交焦慮。由此研究結果,討論對臨床實務與早期預防之建議,並說明研究限制與未來可行的研究方向。

Motive and Purpose:Social anxiety was a common experience. Not only the patient who had been diagnosed with social anxiety disorder but every person may experienced social anxiety during interpersonal interaction to the varying degree, and therefore affected the interpersonal relationship, and the physical and psychological integrity. Theories and literatures indicated that parents’ care and overprotection may affect their children’s future social anxiety. Also, individual’s self- consciousness, and rejection sensitivity may all possibly related to individual’s social anxiety. There are three research purposes:(1)To understand the correlation among parent’s rearing attitudes, self-consciousness, rejection sensitivity, and social anxiety.(2)To understand the influences of different parental rearing styles toward self- consciousness, rejection sensitivity, and social anxiety.(3)To understand whether self-consciousness and rejection sensitivity mediate the relationship between parent’s rearing attitude and social anxiety.
Method:The subjects are 833 college students in various grades , carries on sampling by convenience sampling. The following 4 Self-report questionnaires are used to collect data, including 1.Chinese version of Parental Bonding Instrument, 2.Chinese version of Self-Consciousness Scale, 3.Chinese version of Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire, and 4. Chinese version of Social Phobia Inventory. Pearson correlation, multi-variate analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, structural equation model are applied to analyze the data.
Results:for purpose(1), both paternal and maternal 「care」has significant positive correlation with 「appearance consciousness」and 「internal state awareness」. Paternal 「overprotection」has significant negative correlation with 「internal state awareness」。Maternal 「overprotection」is positively correlates to both 「appearance consciousness」and 「internal state awareness」. Both paternal and maternal 「care」has significant negative correlation with all rejection sensitivity and social anxiety domains, and both paternal and maternal 「overprotection」 has significant positive correlation with all rejection sensitivity and social anxiety domains.
For purpose(2), college students of different paternal rearing styles have significant differences on all self-consciousness, rejection sensitivity, and social anxiety domains. college students of different maternal rearing style have significant differences on all self-consciousness and social anxiety domains, and on 「propose personal needs to the younger generation」rejection sensitivity.
For purpose(3), 「general impression」,「appearance consciousness」, and 「rejection sensitivity」all possesses complete mediation effect, each seperately mediates the relationship between parents’ rearing attitudes and two social anxiety domains. And research also found the structural model among those variables.
Discussion:this study confirms that paternal/maternal rearing styles affects self-consciousness, rejection sensitivity, and social anxiety of college students, and the different domains of paternal/maternal rearing attitudes sepaerately affects the social anxiety of college students via their self-consciousness and rejection sensitivity. Study implications, limitations, and future research directions are also addressed.

誌謝辭…………………………………………………………………………...……….i
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………......iii
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………….…..v
目次………………………………………………………...…………………...……...vii
表次……………………………………………………………………………………...ix
圖次………………………………………………………………………………..……xi

第一章 緒論…………………………………...………………………………………1
  第一節 研究動機…………………….…………………………………………..1
  第二節 研究目的與研究問題…………………….……………………………..4
  第三節 名詞界定………………….……………………………………………..5
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………………..……...11
  第一節 社交焦慮…….…………………………………………………………11
  第二節 父母親教養態度與社交焦慮…………………………………….……16
  第三節 自我意識與社交焦慮……………………………………….…………25
  第四節 拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮……………………………………….………32
  第五節 父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮的關係……….36
第三章 研究方法…………………………………………………………………….41
  第一節 研究對象………………………………….……………………………41
  第二節 研究架構與研究假設…………...…………….……………………….45
  第三節 研究工具…………………………………….…………………………48
  第五節 資料處理……………………………………………………………….60
第四章 研究結果…………………………………………………………………….61
  第一節 不同背景變項大學生在各變項上之差異……………………….……61
  第二節 父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮之相關…….…66
  第三節 不同父母親教養態度類型大學生在各變項的差異情形………….…73
  第四節 父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮的關係…….....84
第五章 討論與建議………………………………………………..……………….103
  第一節 不同性別、年級及經濟狀況大學生在各變項上具有差異…………103
  第二節 父母親教養態度、自我意識、拒絕敏感度與社交焦慮之關聯……...104
  第三節 四類父母親教養態度類型對各變項之影響…………..………….…108
  第四節 自我意識、拒絕敏感度在父母親教養態度與社交焦慮間之中介效
      果討論……………….......……….…………………………………...113
  第五節 建議、限制與未來研究方向…………………...……………………..122
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………...126
  中文部份………………………………………….……………………………..126
  英文部份…………………………………………….…………………………..130
附錄…………………………………………………………………………………...141
  附錄一 雙親教養態度量表使用授權…………………………….…….…….141
  附錄二 自我意識量表使用授權………………………………….…….…….142
  附錄三 拒絕敏感度量表使用授權……………………………….…….…….143
  附錄四 社交畏懼症評量表使用授權…………………………….…….…….144
  附錄五 雙親教養態度量表項目分析值………………………….…….…….145
  附錄六 拒絕敏感度量表項目分析值…………………………….…….…….147
  附錄七 自我意識量表項目分析值….…..…………………………..….…….149
  附錄八 社交畏懼症評量表項目分析值…………………………….….…….150
  附錄九 研究問卷…………………………………………………….….…….151

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英文部分:
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