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研究生:廖偉成
論文名稱:羽球不同正拍切球動作之運動學分析
指導教授:蔡虔祿蔡虔祿引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:生物力學隱蔽性滑拍
外文關鍵詞:Biomechanicsforehandhidden
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:71
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                 摘要

  羽球運動在新賽制執行後,增加許多爆發力的訓練,來加強攻擊的力道,而為了要在短時間做最有效的攻擊,在攻擊前必須配合切球來迫使對手移位,創造更好的攻擊機會;然而正拍切球可分為一般的切球(正拍切球)與滑拍切球,本研究目的主要在比較八位男子甲組羽球選手正拍切球與滑拍切球在運動學上的差異。方法:利用八台Vicon Motion T20s System紅外線攝影機(300Hz)擷取受試者的運動學訊號,並經由Visual 3D軟體運算出運動學參數,透過運動學參數了解正拍與滑拍的動作差異,並將殺球作為效標,探討動作的隱蔽性。所有參數均透過SPSS 20.0版統計套裝軟體計算,以無母數弗里曼二因子變異數分析來檢定三種動作的差異,顯著水準定為α= .05。研究結果發現:正拍切球與滑拍切球在擊球過程中,動作最大的不同之處,是滑拍切球在擊球瞬間前臂內旋的角度較大(正拍切球:63.37度;滑拍切球:64.53度)以及前臂內旋角速度較快(正拍切球:每秒195.08度;滑拍切球:每秒224.39度),造成擊球瞬間拍面與矢狀面的角度(正拍切球:4.02度;滑拍切球:14.93度)有明顯的差異。本研究從運動學參數的差異來看,無法判斷何者切球與殺球動作較具隱蔽性。

                Abstract

  The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics variables of badminton forehand regular drop shot and reverse slice drop shots. The participants were eight elite male players (ages: 24 ± 4 years; height: 176 ± 8 cm; weight: 74 ± 8 kg). Eight Vicon Motion T20s System cameras (300Hz) were used to record the 3D kinematic data, which were later computed by Visual 3D software. All the variables were tested by Friedman two-way analysis of variance nonparametric statistical test designed by SPSS 20.0. Moreover, a post-hoc comparison was done with the significant level at α = .05. The results showed that the significant differences between forehand and reverse slice drop shots was that reverse slice drop shot performed larger forearm pronation angle at the contact (forehand drop shot :63.37 deg; reverse slice drop shot:64.53 deg) and exerted faster angular velocity as well (forehand drop shot 195.08 deg/s, side drop shot 224.39 deg/s). Consequently, the two drop shots displayed a significant difference in their racket pan angles (forehand drop shot 4.02 deg, slice drop shot 14.93 deg) at contact point. In conclusion, from the perspective of kinematics variables can’t make out hidden form reverse slice drop shots or forehand drop shot.

                 目 次

口試委員與系主任簽字之論文通過簽名表.............................i
論文授權書.................................................ii
中文摘要..................................................iii
英文摘要...................................................iv
謝誌.......................................................v
目次......................................................vi
表次....................................................viii
圖次....................................................viii

第壹章 緒論.................................................1
 第一節 研究背景..........................................1
 第二節 研究問題..........................................2
 第三節 研究目的..........................................2
 第四節 研究範圍..........................................3
 第五節 研究限制..........................................4
 第六節 名詞操作型定義.....................................4
 第七節 研究的重要性......................................6

第貳章 文獻探討..............................................7
 第一節 羽球高手擊球技術之運動學.............................7
 第二節 動作的隱蔽性.........................................9

第参章 研究方法與步驟........................................10
 第一節 研究對象...........................................10
 第二節 實驗設計...........................................10
 第三節 實驗步驟...........................................11
 第四節 資料處理...........................................15
 第五節 統計分析...........................................15

第肆章 結果與討論...........................................16
 第一節 動作分期時間比較..................................17
 第二節 球體與球拍參數的比較.................................19
 第三節 擊球瞬間右上肢關節角度的比較........................23
 第四節 擊球瞬間右上肢關節角速度的比較.......................28
 第五節 動作隱蔽性的討論..................................33

第伍章 結論與建議...........................................34
 第一節 結論..............................................34
 第二節 建議..............................................34

引用文獻...................................................35

附錄一 受試者同意書.........................................38

附錄二 實驗受試者基本資料....................................39

                 表次
表4-1-1動作分期比較表........................................17
表4-2-1基本參數比較表........................................19
表4-2-2基本參數比較表........................................20
表4-3-1肩關節角度比較表......................................23
表4-3-2肘關節角度比較表......................................25
表4-3-3腕關節角度比較表......................................26
表4-4-1肩關節角速度比較表....................................28
表4-4-2肘關節角速度比較表....................................30
表4-4-3腕關節角速度比較表....................................31

                 圖次
圖1-4-1動作分期圖............................................3
圖1-6-1關節角度示意圖.........................................5
圖3-2-1研究架構圖...........................................10
圖3-3-1實驗流程圖...........................................12
圖3-4-1場地佈置圖...........................................13
圖3-4-2身體反光球標示圖......................................14
圖3-4-3球拍反光球標示圖......................................14

引用文獻
王可富(2003)。羽球殺球動作手臂肌群肌群肌電分析。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院教練研究所,桃園縣。

王露敏(2009)。羽球正拍與反拍發球之生物力學分析。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系,台北市。

李昶弘、黃煥業、苗培榮(2008)。桌球檯內球技術與戰術之介紹。輔仁大學體育學刊,7,209-216。

張少遜(2003)。高中羽球選手不同殺球動作之三維運動學分析。未出版碩士論文,國立師範大學體育研究所,台北市。

陳昱達(2008)。主動及被動羽球殺球動作之運動學分析。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系,台北市。

楊昌展(2005)。大專甲組羽球選手正拍與反拍殺球動作之生物力學分析。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市。

潘光敏(2007)。臺灣甲組羽球選手正拍與反拍撲球動作之生物力學分析。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市。

蔡虔祿、黃長福、紀世清(1997)。我國甲組羽球選手四種正拍高手擊球動作之三度空間生物力學分析,中華國體育學會體育學報,22,189-200。

蔡意雯、劉強(2008)。增菘瑋投手投不同球種之運動學分析。運動教練科學,11,41-51。
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Huang, K. S., Huang, C. F., Chang, S. S. & Tsai, C. L. (2002). Kinetic Analysis of Three Different Badminton Backhand Overhead Strokes. Proceedings of XXth International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 200-203, Spain: Universidad de Extremadura.

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Tsai, C.-L. Yang, C.-C., Lin, M.-S., & Huang, K.-S. (2005). The surface EMG activity analysis between badminton smash and jump smash. Proceedings of XXIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports 2005, (pp.483-486). Beijing, China.

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