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研究生:林姿葶
研究生(外文):Tzu-Ting Lin
論文名稱:組織中的時間觀領導:概念分析、協時歷程及效果驗證
論文名稱(外文):Temporal Perspective Leadership in Organizations: Content Analysis, Entrainment Mechanism, and Effectiveness Verification
指導教授:鄭伯壎鄭伯壎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bor-Shiuan Cheng
口試委員:吳宗祐胡昌亞黃敏萍黃家齊林以正
口試日期:2013-12-19
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:時間觀團體領導團體協時性團體與成員效能
外文關鍵詞:temporal perspectivegroup leadershipgroup entrainmentgroup-level and individual-level effectiveness.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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近年來,時間觀議題於組織研究的重要性益發突顯,在組織行為方面,也累積了一些與時間觀有關的研究成果。然而,研究仍然十分有限,而且研究焦點卻仍多強調於個人層次,或對個體自身之態度與行為的影響,更少有研究將其置於群體層次討論可能的影響歷程與結果,或是連結至領導議題加以討論。對組織而言,領導者的重要功能乃是協調一群功能專精的成員完成群體目標,因而,時間維度對領導的意義非凡。可惜,此議題尚未有研究者多加探索。有鑑於此,本研究將透過回顧相關文獻,試圖瞭解組織情境中時間觀與領導間的關係,並提出時間觀領導的概念,及其對團體或個體效能的可能影響歷程;其次,使用歸納研究取徑,來發展適用於組織情境的時間觀領導量表;之後,再使用新發展之時間觀領導量表,檢視可能的前置因素與後果變項,並據以建立其構念關聯網;最後,依據社會協時理論,探討時間觀領導對團體效能,如何透過團體協時效應的中介而產生影響。研究結果大致都符合理論預期,並驗證了團體時間觀領導效能的協時性中介歷程模式,亦即,時間觀領導會透過團體協時中介歷程,在群體層次能夠有效地促進團體的整體績效,在個體層次亦有助於增進團體成員的工作績效與態度。總之,本研究成果不但突顯出時間觀領導行為在管理有效工作團體中的重要性,更提供了具有良好信效度的測量工具,可作為相關研究的礎石,以利團體領導與時間觀領導研究的未來發展。

Time should be an important aspect of organizational theory, but it has been neglected for decades, especially in leadership research. However, despite many recent studies had devoted to the field of time issues in management and organizational behaviors, they were mainly focused on the effect of subjective time on individual’s attitude and behavior. Few studies, if any, investigated research on time at group-level, or linked it with leadership area. One of important function of a group leader is to harmonize a group of members with specialized skills to accomplish group target; therefore, the temporal dimensions are especially significant to a group leader. Unfortunately, this issue has not yet been explored. In view of this, I reviewed literature on temporal perspective and leadership, in order to address distinctive concepts of temporal perspective leadership and its possible effects on group-level and individual-level effectiveness. In addition, I take induction method to develop a suitable measurement questionnaire of temporal perspective leadership, and then establishes the reliability and validity of scale and its nomological network. Finally, based on social entrainment theory, I developed a model in which group entrainment mediated between temporal perspective leadership and outcomes at different levels. Applying three systematic studies and samples comprised seven sources, results showed that group entrainment mediated the effect of temporal perspective leadership at both levels. Implications for the theory and practice of leadership are discussed, and future research directions offered. By doing so, I hope to encourage future researchers to get involved in and invest in leadership research on time issues.

目 錄
致謝 i
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 v

第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 時間與時間觀 5
第二節 組織中的時間觀領導 13
第三節 時間觀領導、團體協時性及其效能 25
第四節 小結與研究目的 33
第三章 時間觀領導之量表建構(研究一) 35
第一節 研究設計 35
第二節 重要事例法 36
第三節 強迫歸類法 41
第四章 時間觀領導量表的效度檢驗(研究二) 49
第一節 研究設計 49
第二節 研究方法 50
第三節 研究結果 59
第五章 工作團體中的時間觀領導歷程與效能(研究三) 65
第一節 研究設計 65
第二節 研究方法 66
第三節 研究結果 72
第六章 討論與建議 86
第一節 研究綜合討論 86
第二節 研究限制與未來研究方向 95
參考文獻 101
附錄一 重要事例法問卷(研究一) 125
附錄二 第一次強迫歸類法問卷(研究一) 129
附錄三 第二次強迫歸類法問卷乙(研究一) 133
附錄四 領導風格問卷(研究二) 137
附錄五 工作成果問卷(研究二) 141
附錄六 團體領導者問卷(研究三) 143
附錄七 團體成員問卷(研究三) 147


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