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研究生:納摩
研究生(外文):Freddie James Namo
論文名稱:太平洋島國自由貿易協定之最佳作法研究:將各國弱點發揮成最大優勢
論文名稱(外文):Searching for Best Free Trade Agreement Practices in Pacific Island Countries: Exploiting Vulnerabilities to Maximize Benefits
指導教授:羅昌發教授
指導教授(外文):Chang-fa Lo
口試委員:林彩瑜教授楊培侃
口試委員(外文):Tsai-yu LinPei Kan Yang
口試日期:2014-08-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:法律學研究所
學門:法律學門
學類:一般法律學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:太平洋島國自由貿易協定弱點永續發展智慧財產權諸邊主義雙邊協定
外文關鍵詞:Pacific Island countriesFree Trade AgreementsSustainable developmentVulnerabilityIntellectual Property RightsPlurilateralismBilateral Agreements
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Abstract
Pacific Island countries (PICs) face numerous problems that have accentuated their vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are regarded as disadvantages and have continued to anchor them in the mire state of affairs. How can the PICs exploit these vulnerabilities to maximise their benefits? Instead of using these vulnerabilities as an excuse, I propose that they capitalise on these weaknesses for their benefit. A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) provides an opportune situation where the PICs can utilise their vulnerabilities for their own benefit and their unique circumstances call for a new approach in conducting the FTAs. The approach must be centred on the plight of the PICs. The whole process starts from the negotiation phase and it should be guided by clear objectives and principles. Abstract concepts such as sustainable development can be more beneficial if it is applied in a more concrete fashion. I propose that the PICs conduct their negotiation based on principles that will ease their vulnerabilities. For instance the intellectual property (IPR) chapter calls for a new approach beyond the traditional IPR chapter. The importance of my approach hinges on the paradigm shift, from seeing these vulnerabilities as a minus to appreciating them as a game changer. In a nutshell, it is favourable for the PICs to enter into an FTA that best suits them by utilizing the possible routes to achieving that end. Some particular routes are more are beneficial than others. For example a plurilateral approach is more conducive than a bilateral one. The objective is for an FTA that enables them to rise and shine by utilizing the vulnerabilities to their advantage.


Table of Contents

Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………… i
Abstract……………………………………………………………………… ii
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………… iii
Chapter 1: Introduction………..………………………………..…………... 1
Chapter 2: Pacific Island Countries in Context………..………………....... 4
2.1 PICs Achilles Heel, External and Internal Vulnerabilities………….. 5
2.2 Features of the PICs Labour Market………………………………... 8
2.3 Critical Environmental Issues Affecting the PICs…………………… 9
2.4 Governance Problems in the PICs…………………………………… 11
2.5 PICs and International Trade………………………………………… 12
2.6 PICs Pursuit of Free Trade Agreements……………………………... 14
Chapter 3: Exploring Trade Agreements in Pacific……………………..… 16
3.1 Regionalism in Pacific……………………………………………….. 16
3.2 Bilateral Trade Agreements…………………………………………... 17
3.3 Regional, Sub Regional Trade Agreements…………………………. 18
3.4 Trade Agreement with EU…………………………………………… 20
3.5 Compact of Free Association………………………………………… 20
3.6 Free Trade Agreements in Comparison……………………………… 21
The extent of integration…………………………………………… 21
Scope of agreements………………………………………………... 22
Level of liberalization………………………………………………. 24
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)………………………………….. 25
Chapter 4: Depth of Integration……………………………………………. 28
4.1 Trade Liberalization Objectives…………………………………….. 28
4.2 Current Status of Trade Liberalization in the Pacific……………….. 29
4.3 Applicable Standards of Liberalization under WTO…………………. 30
4.4 Benefits of Trade Liberalization……………………………………. 31
4.5 Disadvantages Faced by PICs………………………………………. 33
4.6 Ensuring a Sustainable Liberalization……………………………… 34
4.7 Using PACER as a Negotiating Platform………...………………… 36
Chapter 5: Scope of the Free Trade Agreement…………………………… 39
5.1 The Incentives for Joining a FTA…………………..………………… 40
5.2 Comprehensiveness of the Agreement………..……………………… 41
5.3 APEC’S FTA Best Practices Principles……………………………… 43
5.4 Best Practices for Pacific Islands States……………………………… 46
Chapter 6: Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)…………………………..…. 49
6.1 Current Status of IPR in the PICs.…….……………………………… 49
6.2 IPR Protection and Economic Growth of Least Developed and Developing Countries…………………………………………………………………. 50
6.3 Relationship between IPR Protection, Foreign Direct Investment, Technology Transfer, Economic Development and the Pharmaceutical
Industry...…………………………………………………………………. 52
6.4 IPR Protection and Sustainable Development……….……….……… 54
6.5 IPR Policies for the PICs……….……….…………………………… 55
Chapter 7: Bilateral versus Plurilateral Options…….…….……….……… 57
7.1 Advantages of Bilateralism……………….……….……………….… 57
7.2 Limitations Hindering the Pursuit of Bilateral Options……………… 59
7.3 Advantages of Plurilateralism……………………………………….. 59
7.4 PICs Unique Interest…………………………………………………. 60
7.5 Strengthening PICs Negotiation Influence and Protection of their
Rights…………………………………………………………………… 61
7.6 Diagnosing PICs’ flaws through Plurilateral Agreements…………... 62
Chapter 8: Conclusion………………………………………………….…… 64
References…………………………………………………………………….. 67
Appendix A: Description of Commonly Used Abbreviations………………... 81
Appendix B: Pacific Island Countries and their Development Status………… 85
Appendix C: Compact of Free Association and Interim Economic Partnership Agreements……………………………………………………………………. 86
Appendix D: Economic Agreements of the Pacific Island Countries………… 87


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