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研究生:王柏皓
研究生(外文):Po-hao Wang
論文名稱:以後殖民主義檢視二十一世紀歐盟與非加太國家的跨區域經濟夥伴關係
論文名稱(外文):A Postcolonialist Analysis of the Interregional Economic Partnership between the EU and the ACP Countries after 2000
指導教授:蘇宏達蘇宏達引用關係
口試委員:嚴震生劉書彬
口試日期:2014-06-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:195
中文關鍵詞:後殖民主義發展研究歐盟非加太國家經濟夥伴關係協定
外文關鍵詞:PostcolonialismDevelopment Studiesthe EUthe ACP CountriesEconomic Partnership Agreement
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回顧過往探討發展政策的文獻,可以發現使用後殖民主義作為視角的文獻相當稀少,這是因為後殖民研究與發展研究在本質上差異甚大的緣故。本論文旨在結合兩種研究,使用後殖民主義來檢視發展政策。而全球發展領域中重要行為者之一歐盟,其對非洲、加勒比海與太平洋國家的發展政策可謂歷史悠久,而2000年後雙方簽訂的《科多努協定》(Conotou Agreement)又以經濟夥伴關係協定作為重點之一。因此本文以歐盟對非加太國家的經濟夥伴關係作為檢視對象。
本論文第二章以後殖民主義和發展研究之匯流作為闡釋重點。把後殖民主義三大家薩依德(E. Said)、史碧娃克(G. C. Spivak)與巴巴(H. Bhabha)的重要概念放進發展研究。第三章則從歐盟對非加太國家的發展合作政策切入,介紹雙方簽訂的《科多努協定》,此章小結則用後殖民主義檢視延續傳統與變遷之處。第四及第五章則進入西非國家經濟共同體與太平洋區域的案例,皆用後殖民主義針對經濟夥伴關係協定談判的過程進行檢視。第六章則先比較歐盟和兩個區域的談判過程後,再針對歐盟推動與非加太國家經濟夥伴關係協定之政策提出結論。
本論文認為歐盟對非加太國家的發展合作政策中,仍存在許多後殖民主義欲批評的地方,不論是從大原則的角度或從具體政策來看,都會發現其欲普遍化源自西方文化的概念之做法,或在談判經濟夥伴關係協定的過程中,存在著二分、切割他我的思維、對於政策對象的需求無感,或是利用區域的劃分來進行雜揉化策略等。因此,後殖民主義應該持續對歐盟對非加太國家的發展合作政策提供建議,以避免論述暴力在一片祥和中重複地出現而未受注意。


The current framework of the development cooperation between the EU and the ACP countries is the Cotonou Agreement. It focuses on the Economic Partnership Agreements, EPAs. Therefore, this thesis takes the EPAs between the EU and the ACP countries as the object of study, taking the perspective of postcolonialism, which is not often seen in development studies.
Chapter 2 focuses on the convergence of postcolonialism and development studies. Chapter 3 deals with the Cotonou Agreement and offers a postcolonialist analysis of the principles in the Agreement as a broad picture before entering the EPAs. Chapter 4 and 5 are the case studies on the Economic Community of West African States and the Pacific Islands Forum. Both focus on the postcolonialist analysis of the negotiation process of the EPAs. The final chapter concludes with overall remarks on the analysis.
The development policy of the EU tries to universalize those principles whose origins are in the western cultures. Even when the thesis goes deeper and more specific into the negotiation of the EPAs, it finds out dichotomies still exist, the EU hasn''t been open enough to listen to its partners, and uses the hybridization strategy to divide and rule the ACP countries. Thus, the postcolonialists should stay alert to the discourses of the EU’s development policy and only then can they prevent the discursive violence from repeating itself unnoticed.


目錄

口試委員會審定書…………………………………………………………I
謝辭………………………………………………………………….……..II
中文摘要…………………………………………………………….…….III
英文摘要……………………………………………………………….....IV

第一章 緒論……………………………………………….…………..1
第一節 研究動機與問題意識…………………………...……………1
第二節 文獻回顧…………………………………...…………………3
第三節 研究架構與方法……………………………...……………..16
第四節 章節安排、研究範圍與限制………………………………..18
第五節 西非與太平洋區域之介紹…………………….…………….20
第二章 後殖民主義與發展研究…………………..……...…………25
第一節 後殖民主義的淵源與概念………………………...………..25
第二節 薩伊德的東方主義…………………………………...……..31
第三節 史碧娃克的下屬階級…………………………………...…..37
第四節 巴巴的矛盾性和雜揉性…...……………………………..…43
第五節 小結………………………...………………………………..49
第三章 後殖民主義和歐盟對非加太國家的發展合作政策…..……55
第一節 《科多努協定》……………………...……………………..55
第二節 政策之決策機構與過程………………...…………………..62
第三節 《科多努協定》之重點:經濟夥伴關係協定(Economic Partnership Agreement, EPA)…….…………………............................……..69
第四節 後殖民主義的檢視…………………………...……………..72
第四章 歐盟與西非國家經濟共同體的經濟夥伴關係協定..………85
第一節 西非國家經濟共同體……………………………...………..85
第二節 經濟夥伴關係協定的談判…………………………...……..90
第三節 後殖民主義觀點中的談判……………………………...…100
第四節 小結…………………………………...……………………107
第五章 歐盟與太平洋區域的經濟夥伴關係……...….…………..109
第一節 太平洋區域……………………………...…………………109
第二節 經濟夥伴關係協定的談判………………...………………115
第三節 後殖民主義觀點中的談判…………………...……………125
第四節 小結……………………………………………...…………130
第六章 結論……………………………………………....………..133

參考文獻……………………………………………………………...…141
附錄1 至2014年3月歐盟和非加太國家EPA談判總覽………...…..167
附錄2 西非各國人口、社會與經濟狀況………………………….….171
附錄3 西非國家殖民母國及獨立年份…………………………….....173
附錄4 西非國家經濟共同體和歐盟在EPA相關議題的互動…...…...175
附錄5 太平洋島國人口、社會和經濟狀況……..…………………...185
附錄6 太平洋島國殖民統治簡表…………………………...………..187
附錄7 太平洋島國殖民母國和獨立年份………………...…………..191
附錄8 太平洋島國論壇和歐盟的EPA相關會議………………..……193
圖表目錄

圖目錄
圖1-1 研究架構圖…………....…………………………………...……17
圖3-1 發展政策在《里斯本條約》下的決策過程………….………..68
圖4-1 西非國家經濟共同體會員國………………….…….………….86
圖4-2 西非的區域組織……………………………………...…………87
圖5-1 太平洋島國與三大族群分布圖……………………...………..111
圖5-2 太平洋區域的區域貿易建制…………………………...……..113

表目錄
表1-1 西非和太平洋區域的比較……………………………...………22
表1-2 西非和太平洋區域與歐盟的關係比較…………...……………24
表3-1 發展政策相關的決策方式…………...……………...………….65
表4-1 至2013年西非各國與歐盟的貿易建制.……………………….91
表4-2 西非國家經濟共同體的對外共同關稅………………….……..92
表5-1 太平洋區域的非加太國家與歐盟的貿易建制……...………..116
表6-1 歐盟和西非、太平洋區域的談判比較………………………..135



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