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研究生:張伊涵
研究生(外文):Yi-Han Chang
論文名稱:從內部負債觀點探討公司最適資本結構及其調整速度
論文名稱(外文):Optimal Capital Structure and Speed of Adjustment: Inside Debt Perspective
指導教授:廖咸興廖咸興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsien-Hsing Liao
口試委員:陳宗岡陳聖賢
口試委員(外文):Tsung-Kang Chen
口試日期:2014-06-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:財務金融學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:內部負債資本結構迷思最適槓桿調整速度抵換理論
外文關鍵詞:Inside DebtLow-leverage PuzzleTarget LeverageAdjustment SpeedTradeoff Theory
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本文以傳統抵換理論模型的觀點,探討內部負債對於公司最適資本結構的影響,藉以說明過去文獻中所提槓桿過低的迷思(Low-Leverage Puzzle, e.g. Graham, 2000)主要是因為並未考慮公司的內部負債,因而高估公司的最適槓桿。實證結果顯示,公司內部負債與公司槓桿會呈現負向相關,而且當公司退休金提撥越充分,公司的資金使用會比較有彈性以及較多的舉債空間,因而減弱內部負債對最適槓桿的負向影響。此外,實證結果亦顯示,公司的內部負債會影響其資本結構的調整速度,1985年至2012年間以及2007年至2012年間整體的調整速度在考慮內部負債後都有明顯的變快;當以未考慮內部負債的目標槓桿分成低於和高於目標槓桿兩個子樣本後,前者的調整速度和整體的變化是一致的,但2007年至2012年調整速度低於目標槓桿的公司是變慢、高於目標槓桿的公司則是變快。

This study examines the effects of inside debts on a firm''s target leverage and explains the low-leverage puzzle (e.g. Graham, 2000) by the over estimation of the target leverage due to neglecting the effects of inside debts. We find that a firm’s inside debt affects not only the target leverage, but also the speed of adjustment toward that target. A firm’s target leverage is negatively related to the amount of inside debt and the effect of inside debt is alleviated when a firm’s funding status is positive. Additionally, the adjustment speeds are faster when considering inside debt effects during 1985-2012 and 2007-2012. If we separated the whole sample firms into below- and above- traditional target leverage, we find that adjustment speeds are slower (faster) when firms have below-target (above- target) leverage after 2007.

目錄
口試委員審定書 #
誌謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
第一章 概述 1
第二章 研究假說 5
2.1 公司最適資本結構 5
2.2 公司資本結構之調整速度 9
第三章 研究樣本與研究方法 11
3.1 資料來源及樣本篩選 11
3.2 內部負債之代理變數 11
3.3 樣本期間選擇 13
3.4 公司最適資本結構 14
3.5 公司資本結構之調整速度 17
第四章 實證結果與分析 19
4.1 公司內部負債對最適資本結構之影響 19
4.2 公司內部負債對資本結構調整速度之影響 21
4.3 穩健度測試(Robustness Test) 23
第五章 結論 25
參考文獻 26
附錄 40

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Strebulaev, I. A., Yang, B., 2013, The Mystery of Zero-leverage Firms, Journal of Financial Economics 109, 1–23
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Wei, C., Yermack, D., 2011, Investor Reactions to CEOs’ Inside Debt Incentives, Review of Financial Studies 24, 3813–3840


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