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研究生:薩運達
研究生(外文):Dario A SanchezRubalcava
論文名稱:韓國和臺灣的研究與發展之差異分析比較
論文名稱(外文):Understanding the Differences of Research and Development Between Korea and Taiwan
指導教授:陳彥行陳彥行引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yan-Shing Chen
口試委員:陳宗岡
口試委員(外文):Vocter Chen
口試日期:2014-07-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:財務金融學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:研究與發展國&;#20869;生&;#29987;總值電子產業
外文關鍵詞:Research and developmentGross Domestic Productelectronics industry
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本研究調查韓國與臺灣的研究與發展的差異,資料來自於經濟合作暨發展組織(OECD)、Worldscope的產業資料、臺灣經濟期刊與一份調查個人對韓國與臺灣的產業發展看法。結果顯示兩個國家有許多的共通處,主要的差異來自於兩國頂尖企業投入研究與發展的數量。我們發現在韓國主要在研究與發展的銷售總額是來自於五大公司,然而臺灣則是來自於前二十大的公司。此外,跟臺灣比較,韓國在研究與發展所投入的資金使用在電子產業更為有效率。



We investigate the difference between Korean research and development and Taiwan’s research and development. We examine data from the OECD, industry data from Worldscope and the Taiwan Economic Journal, and even include a survey to better understand individual perceptions of Korea and Taiwan. We find that research and development in both countries have a lot of similarities, but the key difference resides in the amount of research and development done by the top companies in each nation. We find that the majority of research and development in Korea is conducted by the top 5 firms in total sales whereas Taiwan’s research and development is more distributed between the top 20 firms in total sales. In addition, we find that Korea’s usage of funds for research and development is more efficient in the electronics industry than Taiwan’s.






TABLE OF CONTENTS
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables v
I. Introduction 1
II. Data 11
2.1 Sample selection 11
III. Empirical Findings 12
3.1 Research and development at the national level, GDP and population 12
3.2 Researchers and population distribution 12
3.3 Researcher distribution 13
3.4 The funds and expenses in both countries with regards to R&;D 14
3.5 A look at the industry Data 15
3.6 R&;D outcome 18
IV. Conclusion 21
Reference 23





&;#8195;
LIST OF TABLES
Questionnaire 24
Table 1 People that responded to the survey who believe either Taiwan or Korea is more developed. 25
Table 2 Areas in which people feel that Korea is more developed than Taiwan. 25
Table 3 The Global Competitive Index (GCI) for Taiwan and Korea. 26
Table 4 Population, GDP, GDP per capita 27
Table 5 Amount of total full-time equivalent personnel on R&;D divided by population for each country 28
Table 6 Amount of total headcount in each respective country and total head count divided by population of both nations 28
Table 7 Amount of total researches in each respective country and the total researchers divided by the population 29
Table 8 Korean and Taiwanese Researcher Distribution 30
Table 9 GERD as a percentage of GDP 31
Table 10 R&;D expenditure per researcher in current international dollars, in the business enterprise sector. 32
Table 11 Korean and Taiwan source of R&;D funds 33
Table 12 Industry data provided by World Scope and Taiwan Economic Journal for year 2012 34
Table 13 Industry data provided by the EU Industrial R&;D Scoreboard for year 2012 35
Table 14 Consumer Electronics industry average throughout the year, R&;D/Sales 36
Table 15 Consumer Electronics industry average throughout the year, R&;D/Total Assets 37
Table 16 Total company spending on R&;D in Euros throughout the years. 38
Table 17 The number of patents filed and issued per year for both nations to the United States 39
Table 18 Total amount of patents divided by researchers (Not including technicians) 39


References
[1] Athukorala, P. C. (2009). The rise of China and East Asian export performance: Is the crowding&;#8208;out fear warranted?. The World Economy,32(2), 234-266.

[2] Chen, W. (2014, April 14). Taiwan firms falling behind South Korean counterparts in China. WantChina Times.

[3] Fang, T., &; Kao, E. (2014, May 13). Taiwanese businesses suffer from anti-China protest in Vietnam. Focus Taiwan.

[4] Kim, E. M. (1996). The industrial organization and growth of the Korean chaebol: integrating development and organizational theories. Asian business networks, (64), 231.

[5] Kim, W. S., Lyn, E., Park, T. J., &; Zychowicz, E. (2005). The wealth effects of capital investment decisions: An empirical comparison of Korean chaebol and non&;#8208;chaebol firms. Journal of Business Finance &; Accounting, 32(5&;#8208;6), 945-971.

[6] Kuo, J. (2013, November 20). Taiwan may fall behind on trade. Taipei Times.

[7] Lee, M., Son, B., &; Om, K. (1996). Evaluation of national R&;D projects in Korea. Research policy, 25(5), 805-818.

[8] Murillo, D., &; Sung, Y. Understanding Korean capitalism: Chaebols and their corporate governance. ESADEgeo, POSITION PAPER 33, 1-13. Retrieved July 5, 2014

[9] Sakakibara, M., &; Cho, D. S. (2002). Cooperative R&;D in Japan and Korea: a comparison of industrial policy. Research Policy, 31(5), 673-692.

[10] Stokey, N. L. (1995). R&;D and economic growth. The Review of Economic Studies, 62(3), 469-489.

[11] Wang, J. C., &; Tsai, K. H. (1998). The impact of research and development promotion schemes in the Taiwanese electronic component industry. R&;D Management, 28(2), 119-124.

[12] Yeh, Y. H., Lee, T. S., &; Woidtke, T. (2001). Family control and corporate governance: Evidence from Taiwan. International Review of finance, 2(1&;#8208;2), 21-48.

[13] Wu (2014, January 19). Taiwan should learn from South Korea''s TPP strategy. WantChina Times.


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