跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.222.218.145) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/03/02 12:23
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:鄧詩宜
研究生(外文):Shih-Yi Teng
論文名稱:工作負荷對工作-家庭衝突及家庭滿意度之影響:夫妻配對APIM模式之比較
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Workload on Work-Family Conflict and Family Satisfaction: Spouse Comparison using the Actor -Partner Interdependence Model
指導教授:陸洛陸洛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Luo Lu
口試委員:吳欣蓓張婷婷
口試日期:2014-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:商學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:一般商業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:工作負荷工作-家庭衝突家庭滿意度跨界效果性別差異
外文關鍵詞:workloadwork-to-family conflict (WFC)family satisfactioncrossovergender differences
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:266
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究旨在瞭解工作負荷、WFC與家庭滿意度之關聯性,以及在婚姻關係中個體之WFC對其自身、配偶的家庭滿意度之影響力是否具有顯著差異。本研究以工作要求中的「工作負荷」為自變項、「WFC」為中介變項,探討對「家庭滿意度」結果變項的影響,並在此研究架構上探討夫妻之間的相互跨界效果及影響力差異。

本研究以臺灣地區全職工作者為樣本,並以夫妻為資料收集單位,進行結構性問卷的施測,採便利取樣,共回收490份有效問卷。透過結構方程模式分析顯示,個體之工作負荷會透過WFC對家庭滿意度有顯著的負向影響,然而夫妻兩者在WFC對家庭滿意度的影響力上並無存在顯著差異。除此之外,本研究也發現跨界效果的存在,即無論夫妻,其自身的WFC皆會與其配偶的家庭滿意度有顯著負向關聯,但此跨界效果卻無顯著的性別差異,代表妻子的WFC對丈夫的家庭滿意度影響並不會高於丈夫的WFC對妻子的家庭滿意度影響力。最後,本研究原預期外溢效果的影響力會高於跨界效果,即個體對自身的影響力會高於配偶對自己的影響力,然而根據研究結果顯示,兩者其實並無存在顯著差異。


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between workload, WFC and family satisfaction. In addition, the study also examined whether in a marital relationship the effect of an individual’s WFC on his/ her own family satisfaction and the spouse’s family satisfaction will have a significant difference. The study used workload as the independent variable and WFC as the mediator in order to (a) explore their main effects on family satisfaction and (b) investigate the mutual crossover effects and their differences between husbands and wives in the framework of this study.

By using structured questionnaires and the convenience sampling method, the study collected valid responses from 490 full-time workers in Taiwan, which equals to 245 couples. The structural equation modeling showed that individual''s workload has a significant negative impact on family satisfaction through WFC. However, husbands and wives do not have a significant difference on the effects of WFC on family satisfaction. In addition, this study also found that mutual crossover effects do exist. It means that an individual’s WFC negatively influences his/her spouse’s family satisfaction. Nevertheless, different from our expectations, no significant gender differences exist in these crossover effects, which represents that the impact of wives’ WFC on husbands’ family satisfaction would not be higher than that of husbands’ WFC on wives’ family satisfaction. Finally, the study originally expected that influences of the spillover effects to be higher than that of the crossover effects. However, the result revealed that no significant difference exists between them.


口試委員審定書 i
謝辭 ii
中文摘要  iv
英文摘要  v
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻探討  6
第一節 職家衝突的定義及其歷程 6
第二節 WFC對家庭滿意度的影響:夫妻配對比較 18
第三章 研究方法  27
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 27
第二節 研究對象  28
第三節 研究工具  29
第四節 資料分析  31
第四章 研究結果  33
第一節 樣本描述  33
第二節 研究變項描述性統計 38
第三節 研究變項相關分析  39
第四節 結構方程模式 42
第五章 討論 48
第一節 研究結果概述 48
第二節 管理意涵  53
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 55
參考文獻  57
附錄一 66




中文部分
行政院主計處(2010):《99年婦女婚育及就業調查報告》。2013年7月19日,取自http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Attachment/21171783271.pdf。
行政院勞委會(2013):《102年版國際勞動統計》。2013年11月24日,取自http://statdb.cla.gov.tw/html/nat/0228menu.htm。
行政院勞委會(2013):《101年勞工生育給付及育嬰留職停薪津貼核付概況》。2014年6月9日。
高旭繁、陸洛、陸昌勤(2008):〈工作與家庭的要求和資源、工作-家庭衝突及其後果〉。《中國經濟評論》,8卷,頁39-47。
陳一珊(2011):〈不加班,更有勁,勁爭力〉。《天下雜誌》,466期,頁98-104。
陸佳芳、時勘、Lawler, J. J.(2002):〈工作家庭衝突的初步研究〉。《應用心理學(大陸)》,8期,頁45-50。
陸洛、黃茂丁、高旭繁(2005):〈工作與家庭的雙向衝突:前因、後果及調節變項之探討〉。《應用心理研究》,27期,頁133-166。
彭台光、高月慈、林鉦棽(2006):〈管理研究中的共同方法變異:問題本質、影響、測試和補救〉。《管理學報》,23卷1期,頁77-98。

英文部分
Adams, G. A., King, L. A., &; King, D. W. (1996). Relationships of job and family involvement, family social support, and work-family conflict with job and life satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 411-420.
Allen, T. D., Herst, D. E. L., Bruck, C. S., &; Sutton, M. (2000). Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: A review and agenda for future research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(2), 278-308. doi: 10.1037//1076-8998.5.2.278
Aryee, S., Luk, V., Leung, A., &; Lo, S. (1999). Role stressors, interrole con&;#64258;ict, and well-being: The moderating in&;#64258;uence of spousal support and coping behaviors among employed parents in Hong Kong. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 259-278.
Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., &; Dollard, M. F. (2008). How job demands affect partners'' experience of exhaustion: Integrating work-family conflict and crossover theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(4), 901-911.
Bakker, A. B., &; Schaufeli, W. B. (2000). Burnout contagion processes among teachers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30(11), 2289-2308. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02437.x
Bakker, A. B., Westman, M., &; Emmerik, I. J. H. v. (2009). Advancements in crossover theory. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(3), 206-219. doi: 10.1108/02683940910939304
Barnett, R. C., &; Baruch, G. K. (1987). Social roles, gender, and psychological distress. In R. C. Barnett, L. Biener, &; G. K. Baruch (Eds.), Gender and stress (pp. 122-143). New York, NY: Free Press.
Barnett, R. C., Raudenbush, S. W., Brennan, R. T., Pleck, J. H., &; Marshall, N. L. (1995). Change in job and marital experiences and change in psychological distress: A longitudinal study of dual-earner couples. Journal of Personality &; Social Psychology November, 69(5), 839-850.
Biddle, B. J. (1979). Role theory : Expectations, identities and behaviors. London, UK: Academic Press.
Bolger, N., DeLongis, A., Kessler, R. C., &; Wethington, E. (1989). The contagion of stress across multiple role. Journal of Marriage and Family, 51(1), 175-183.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bruck, C. S., Allen, T. D., &; Spector, P. E. (2002). The relation between work–family conflict and job satisfaction: A finer-grained analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60(3), 336-353. doi: 10.1006/jvbe.2001.1836
Burke, R. J. (1980). Work demands on administrators and spouse well-being. Human Relations, 33(4), 253-278. doi: 10.1177/001872678003300404
Burke, R. J. (1988). Some antecedents of work-family conflict. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 3(4), 287-302.
Byron, K. (2005). A meta-analytic review of work–family conflict and its antecedents. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67(2), 169-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2004.08.009
Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., Wayne, J. H., &; Grzywacz, J. G. (2006). Measuring the positive side of the work–family interface: Development and validation of a work–family enrichment scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68(1), 131-164. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.02.002
Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., &; Williams, L. J. (2000). Construction and initial validation of a multidimensional measure of work–family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(2), 249-276. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1999.1713
Chan, C. J., &; Margolin, G. (1994). The relationship between dual-earner couples'' daily work mood and home affect. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11(4), 573-586. doi: 10.1177/0265407594114005
Cinamon, R. G., &; Rich, Y. (2002). Gender differences in the importance of work and family roles: Implications for work- family conflict. Sex Roles, 47(11-12), 531-541.
Cronkite, R. C., &; Moos, R. H. (1984). The role of predisposing and moderating factors in the stress-illness relationship. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 25(4), 372-393. doi: 10.2307/2136377
Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., &; Schaufeli, W. B. (2005). Spillover and crossover of exhaustion and life satisfaction among dual-earner parents. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67(2), 266-289. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2004.07.001
Duxbury, L., Higgins, C., &; Lee, C. (1994). Work-family conflict: A comparison by gender, family type, and perceived control. Journal of Family Issues, 15(3), 449-466. doi: 10.1177/019251394015003006
Duxbury, L. E., &; Higgins, C. A. (1991). Gender differences in work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(1), 60-72.
Eagle, B. W., Miles, E. W., &; Icenogle, M. L. (1997). Interrole conflicts and the permeability of work and family domains: Are there gender differences? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2), 168-184. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1996.1569
Eby, L. T., Casper, W. J., Lockwood, A., Bordeaux, C., &; Brinley, A. (2005). Work and family research in IO/OB: Content analysis and review of the literature (1980–2002). Journal of Vocational Behavior, 66(1), 124-197. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2003.11.003
Edwards, J. R., &; Rothbard, N. P. (2000). Mechanisms linking work and family: Clarifying the relationship between work and family constructs. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 178-199.
Emmerik, I. J. H. v., &; Peeters, M. C. W. (2009). Crossover specificity of team-level work-family conflict to individual-level work-family conflict. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(3), 254-268. doi: 10.1108/02683940910939331
Ford, M. T., Heinen, B. A., &; Langkamer, K. L. (2007). Work and family satisfaction and conflict: A meta-analysis of cross-domain relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(1), 57-80. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.1.57
Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick &; L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Frone, M. R., Russell, M., &; Cooper, M. L. (1992). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(1), 65-78.
Frone, M. R., Russell, M., &; Cooper, M. L. (1997). Relation of work-family conflict to health outcomes: A four-year longitudinal study of employed parents. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 325-335.
Goode, W. J. (1960). A theory of role strain. American Sociological Review, 25(4), 483-496.
Grandey, A. A., &; Cropanzano, R. (1999). The conservation of resources model applied to work-family conlict and strain. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 53, 350-370.
Greenhaus, J. H., &; Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. The Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88.
Greenhaus, J. H., Collins, K. M., Singh, R., &; Parasuraman, S. (1997). Work and family in&;#64258;uences on departure from public accounting. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50, 249-270.
Greenhaus, J. H., Parasuraman, S., Granrose, C. S., Rabinowitz, S., &; Beutell, N. J. (1989). Sources of work-family conflict among two-career couples. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 34, 133-153.
Greenhaus, J. H., &; Powell, G. N. (2006). When work and family are allies: A theory of work-family enrichment. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 72-92. doi: 10.5465/AMR.2006.19379625
Grzywacz, J. G., &; Marks, N. F. (2000). Reconceptualizing the work-family interface: An ecological perspective on the correlates of positive and negative spillover between work and family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology January, 5(1), 111-126.
Hair, J. F. (1998). Multivariate data analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Hall, D. T., &; Richter, J. (1988). Balancing work life and home life: What can organizations do to help? Academy of Management Executive, 2(3), 213-223. doi: 10.5465/AME.1988.4277258
Hammer, L. B., Allen, E., &; Grigsby, T. D. (1997). Work–family conflict in dual-earner couples: Within-individual and crossover effects of work and family. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2), 185-203.
Hanson, G. C., Hammer, L. B., &; Colton, C. L. (2006). Development and validation of a multidimensional scale of perceived work-family positive spillover. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology July, 11(3), 249-265.
Holahan, C. K., &; Gilbert, L. A. (1979). Interrole conflict for working women: Careers versus jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, 86-90.
Howe, G. W., Levy, M. L., &; Caplan, R. D. (2004). Job loss and depressive symptoms in couples: Common stressors, stress transmission, or relationship disruption? Journal of Family Psychology December, 18(4), 639-650.
Kahn, R. L., &; Kahn, R. L. (1964). Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity. New York: John Wiley &; Sons.
Kaplan, D. (2000). Structural equation modeling : Foundations and extensions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Katz, L. F., &; Gottman, J. M. (1995). Marital interaction and child outcomes: A longitudinal study of mediating and moderating processes. In D. Cicchetti &; S. L. Toth (Eds.), Emotion, cognition, and representation (pp. 301-342). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press; US.
Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., &; Cook, W. L. (2006). Dyadic data analysis. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Kinnunen, U. (1998). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict among employed women and men in Finland. Human Relations, 51(2), 157-177. doi: 10.1177/001872679805100203
Kopelman, R. E., Greenhaus, J. H., &; Connolly, T. F. (1983). A model of work, family, and interrole conflict: A construct validation study. Organizational Behavior &; Human Performance, 32(2), 198-215.
Kossek, E. E., &; Ozeki, C. (1998). Work-family conflict, policies, and the job-life satisfaction relationship: A review and directions for organizational behavior-human resources research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(2), 139-149.
Lambert, S. J. (1990). Processes linking work and family: A critical review and research agenda. Human Relations, 43(3), 239-257. doi: 10.1177/001872679004300303
Leiter, M. P. (1996). Work, home, and in-between: A longitudinal study of spillover. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 32(1), 29-47. doi: 10.1177/0021886396321002
Lu, L., Kao, S.-F., Chang, T.-T., Wu, H.-P., &; Cooper, C. L. (2008). Work/family demands, work flexibility, work/family conflict, and their consequences at work: A national probability sample in Taiwan. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(1), 1-21. doi: 10.1037/1072-5245.15.1.1
Lu, L., Kao, S.-F., Cooper, C. L., Allen, T. D., Lapierre, L. M., O''Driscoll, M., . . . Spector, P. E. (2009). Work resources, work-to-family conflict, and its consequences: A Taiwanese-British cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Stress Management, 16(1), 25-44. doi: 10.1037/a0013988
Major, V. S., Klein, K. J., &; Ehrhart, M. G. (2002). Work time, work interference with family, and psychological distress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(3), 427-436. doi: 10.1037//0021-9010.87.3.427
Matthews, L. S., Conger, R. D., &; Wickrama, K. A. S. (1996). Work-family conflict and marital quality: Mediating processes. Social Psychology Quarterly, 59, 62-79.
Matthews, R. A., Del Priore, R. E., Acitelli, L. K., &; Barnes-Farrell, J. L. (2006). Work-to-relationship conflict: Crossover effects in dual-earner couples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11(3), 228-240.
Moos, R. (1984). Context and coping: Toward a unifying conceptual framework. American Journal of Community Psychology, 12(1), 5-36. doi: 10.1007/BF00896933
Netemeyer, R. G., Boles, J. S., &; McMurrian, R. (1996). Development and validation of work-family conflict and family-work conflict scales Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 400-410.
Noor, N. M. (2002). The moderating effect of spouse support on the relationship betweenwork variables and women’s work–family conflict. Psychologia: An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient, 45(1), 12–23.
O''Driscoll, M. P., Ilgen, D. R., &; Hildreth, K. (1992). Time devoted to job and off-job activities, interrole conflict, and affective experiences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 272-279.
Parasuraman, S., Greenhaus, J. H., &; Granrose, C. S. (1992). Role stressors, social support, and well-being among two-career couples. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13(4), 339-356. doi: 10.1002/job.4030130403
Parasuraman, S., Purohit, Y. S., &; Godshalk, V. M. (1996). Work and family variables, entrepreneurial career success, and psychological well-being. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 48, 275-300.
Pedersen, D. E., &; Minnotte, K. L. (2012). Dual earner husbands and wives: Marital satisfaction and the workplace culture of each spouse. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 33(3), 272-282.
Pittman, J. F., &; Orthner, D. K. (1988). Predictors of spousal support for the work commitments of husbands. Journal of Marriage and Family, 50(2), 335-348.
Pleck, J. H. (1977). The work-family role system. Social Problems, 24(4), 417-427.
Pleck, J. H., Staines, G. L., &; Lang, L. (1980). Conflicts between work and family life. Monthly Labor Review, 103(3), 29-32.
Podsakoff, P. M., &; Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: Problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12(4), 531-544.
Quick, J. C., &; Tetrick, L. E. (Eds.) (2003). Handbook of occupational health psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Reid, G.B., &; Nygren, T.E. (1988). The subjective workload assessment technique: A scaling procedure for measuring mental workload. In P.S. Hancock &; N. Meshkati (Eds.), Human Mental Workload (pp. 185-218). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
Rook, K., Dooley, D., &; Catalano, R. (1991). Stress transmission: The effects of husbands'' job stressors on the emotional health of their wives. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53(1), 165-177. doi: 10.2307/353141
Schultz, J. B. , Chung, Y. L., &; Henderson, C. G. (1988). Work/family concerns of university faculty. Journal of Social Behavior &; Personality, 3(4), 249-264.
Spector, P. E., &; Jex, S. M. (1998). Development of four self-report measures of job stressors and strain: Interpersonal conflict at work scale, organizational constraints scale, quantitative workload inventory, and physical symptoms inventory. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology October, 3(4), 356-367.
Staines, G. L. (1980). Spillover versus compensation: A review of the literature on the relationship between work and nonwork. Human Relations, 33(2), 111-129. doi: 10.1177/001872678003300203
van Daalen, G., Willemsen, T. M., &; Sanders, K. (2006). Reducing work–family conflict through different sources of social support. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(3), 462-476. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2006.07.005
Virick, M., Lilly, J. D., &; Casper, W. J. (2007). Doing more with less: An analysis of work life balance among layoff survivors. The Career Development International, 12(5), 463-480.
Wallace, J. E. (1999). Work-to-nonwork conflict among married male and female lawyers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20, 797-816.
Westman, M. (2001). Stress and strain crossover. Human Relations, 54(6), 717-751.
Westman, M., &; Etzion, D. (1995). Crossover of stress, strain and resources from one spouse to another. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16(2), 169-181.
Westman, M., &; Etzion, D. (1999). The crossover of strain from school principals to teachers and vice versa. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 4(3), 269-278.
Westman, M., Etzion, D., &; Horovitz, S. (2004). The toll of unemployment does not stop with the unemployed. Human Relations, 57(7), 823-844. doi: 10.1177/0018726704045767
Westman, M., &; Etzion, D. L. (2005). The crossover of work-family conflict from one spouse to the other. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35(9), 1936-1957.
Westman, M., Vinokur, A. D., Hamilton, V. L., &; Roziner, I. (2004). Crossover of marital dissatisfaction during military downsizing among Russian army officers and their spouses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(5), 769-779. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.89.5.769
Wiley, D. L. (1987). The relationship between work/nonwork role conflict and job-related outcomes: Some unanticipated findings. Journal of Management, 13(3), 467-472. doi: 10.1177/014920638701300303
Williams, K. J., &; Alliger, G. M. (1994). Role stressors, mood spillover, and perceptions of work-family conflict in employed parents. Academy of Management Journal, 37(4), 837-868. doi: 10.2307/256602
Yildirim, D., &; Aycan, Z. (2008). Nurses'' work demands and work-family conflict: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45(9), 1366-1378. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.10.010
Zedeck, S., &; Mosier, K. L. (1990). Work in the family and employing organization. American Psychologist, 45(2), 240-251.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關論文