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研究生:潘韻仁
研究生(外文):Yun-Jen Pan
論文名稱:建置IPv6之無線感測網路平台於智慧家庭應用中
論文名稱(外文):Establishing Wireless Sensor Network Platform Combined with IPv6 in Smart Home Application
指導教授:吳文中
口試委員:張瑞益林致廷翟駿逸
口試日期:2014-07-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:工程科學及海洋工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL)IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks(6LoWPAN)無線感測網路智慧家庭
外文關鍵詞:Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL)IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (6LoWPAN)Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)Smart home
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近年來,無線感測網路的應用漸漸廣泛,使得網際網路內除了使用者產生的資訊外,無線嵌入式裝置也開始送出通知訊息、數據紀錄或其他資訊,大幅地改變整個網路的架構,這也代表物聯網的時代正式到來。
隨著越來越多的研究團隊投入無線感測網路相關的研究當中,無線通訊技術已逐漸趨於成熟,結合IP機制於無線感測網路再也不會不可能達成,且能為其帶來相當大的好處;由於,對於此技術之趨勢與需求已越來越明顯,IETF組織為了結合IP機制於無線感測網路,制訂部分相關的規範與標準,如6LoWPAN和RPL通訊協定,該些協定之效能即為決定無線感測網路是否能正常運作的一大重點。
本研究之目的即為根據現有標準,建置出結合IP機制並可應用於智慧家庭之無線感測網路平台;首先,根據智慧家庭的需求設置模擬情境,藉由模擬器觀察RPL路由協定之效能與特性;另外,測試針對智慧家庭應用的最佳參數,確保網路效能達最佳化;最後,於真實世界中建置無線感測網路平台,並將實驗結果與模擬數據相比較以驗證成果,使物聯網不再單單只是一個名詞,而能實踐於我們的生活當中。

In recent years, the application of wireless sensor network (WSN) has become increasingly diverse. On the Internet, aside from the original information generated by the users, wireless embedded devices now also generate notification messages, data records and other such information. This phenomenon radically alternates the structure of the Internet and simultaneously inaugurates the era of Internet of Things (IoT).
With more and more research groups devoting into WSN-related researches, the technique of wireless communication has become gradually refined. It is no longer impossible to extend IP to WSN, which would be thus greatly enriched. Given that the trend toward and the need for such extension have been progressively obvious, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) drew up related regulations and standards, such as 6LoWPAN and RPL routing protocol. One major factor determining whether WSN can function normally lies in the very efficiency of those protocols.
The purpose of this research is, therefore, to establish a WSN platform based on the current standard, which incorporates IP and is applicable to smart home. This research will, first, set up a simulation scenario according to the need of smart home and observe the efficiency and property of RPL routing protocol with the help of simulator; in addition, this simulation will focus on the optimal parameters applied by smart home to ensure the efficiency of network. Finally, this research seeks to build up a WSN platform in reality and compare the experiment result with the simulation data to verify its achievement. Hopefully, IoT would go beyond a mere word and be truly actualized in our daily life.

致謝 I
中文摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章、 緒論 1
1-1 無線感測網路發展簡介 1
1-2 論文架構 3
第二章、 研究背景及動機 4
2-1 智慧家庭 4
2-2 動機與目的 5
2-3 RPL路由協定介紹 5
2-3-1 路由建立 8
2-3-2 Trickle 計時器 9
2-3-3 儲存(Storing)模式和非儲存(Non-storing)模式 9
2-3-4 路由迴路避免與檢測 10
第三章、 系統介紹 11
3-1 硬體介紹 11
3-2 軟體介紹 14
3-2-1 Contiki作業系統 15
3-2-2 ContikiRPL 16
3-3 專案內容介紹 18
第四章、 模擬與驗證 20
4-1 實驗設置 20
4-2 ContikiRPL模擬 21
4-2-1 模擬設置 21
4-2-2 模擬結果 22
4-2-3 小結 38
4-3 NSC M3 WSN平台驗證 38
4-3-1 平台驗證設置 38
4-3-2 驗證結果 39
4-3-3 小結 42
第五章、 結論與未來展望 43
5-1 結論 43
5-2 未來展望 43
參考文獻 45
附錄 49
附錄一 英文簡寫對照表 49


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