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研究生:游舒婷
研究生(外文):Shu-Ting Yu
論文名稱:溪頭自然教育園區旅遊氣候指數之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Tourism Climate Index of Xitou Nature Education Area
指導教授:邱祈榮邱祈榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chyi-Rong Chiou
口試委員:林俊成柳婉郁
口試日期:2014-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:森林環境暨資源學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:旅遊舒適度氣候旅遊氣候指數(TCI)溪頭自然教育園區生理平衡溫度(PET)
外文關鍵詞:Travel comfortClimateTourism Comfort Index(TCI)Xitou Nature Education AreaPhysiologically Equivalent Temperature(PET)
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氣候為影響戶外休憩活動的重要因子之一,氣候的舒適與否亦可能對於遊客量造成影響,本研究係以溪頭自然教育園區為例,藉由Mieczkowski(1985)所提出結合7種主要氣候因子的「旅遊氣候指數(TCI)」,於研究中嘗試將TCI進行2項微調,首先,為避免過愈高估濕度對於熱舒適度所造成的影響,利用「生理平衡溫度」取代「有效溫度」進行計算,其次則是以逐日資料計算溪頭地區於1990~2012年間的舒適度指數,並經比較以逐日資料計算可獲得更準確的TCI。
於1990~2012年間,平均TCI最高之月份為10月,最低則為1月,氣溫及雨量為主要影響溪頭地區TCI之氣候因子,於年與年間的比較可發現,冬季受熱舒適度影響較大,春季及夏季則受降雨指標的影響,秋季則受熱舒適度及降雨指標的影響。溪頭地區各季的TCI平均皆在50以上為可接受等級,顯示一年四季皆相當適合從事旅遊活動。秋季為一年中TCI最高的季節,顯著高於夏季、春季及冬季,於TCI的季節分布分類上屬於秋季舒適型。此外,於研究中對於氣候變化進行初步模擬,結果顯示,將均溫分別調升0.5℃、1℃、2℃後,各季之TCI值皆呈現上升的趨勢,於TCI的季節分布上皆屬於秋季舒適型。


Climate is one of the important factors influencing outdoor recreation activities. Climate comfort can also affect the amount of tourists. In this research, two adjustment were made to Mieczkowski’s “Tourism Climate Index” (TCI), which summarizes and combines seven climate variables. First, to prevent overestimate the effect of humidity, the thermal comfort is not measured by the “effective temperature,” but instead by the “Physiologically Equivalent Temperature” (PET). Second, daily data is used to evaluate the climate comfort of Xitou Nature education area from 1990-2012. The results show that calculating by daily data is more appropriate.
From 1990 to 2012, the highest TCI’s monthly average is in October and the lowest is in January. The main climate variables affect the TCI value in Xitou are temperature and precipitation. In the comparison between years, winter has greater impact by thermal comfort index, spring and summer are influenced by precipitation index, and autumn is affected by both thermal comfort and precipitation index. In conclusion, the TCI average of each season are above 50(means Acceptable)show that Xitou is quite suitable for tourism activities all year around. TCI values in autumn are significantly higher than in summer, spring and winter. The comfort type of seasonal distribute of Xitou is “autumn peak.” In addition, a preliminary simulation of climate change were made in this study, the average temperature were escalated 0.5℃, 1℃ and 2℃. The results show that in each season, TCI values are on an upward trend, and the comfort type of seasonal distribute are “autumn peak.”


摘要 i
Abstract ii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
壹、前言 1
一、研究動機 1
二、研究目的 3
三、研究流程 4
貳、文獻回顧 5
一、旅遊與氣候 5
二、旅遊氣候指數簡介 7
三、TCI的應用:氣候變遷對於旅遊業的影響 9
參、研究方法 10
一、研究地點與材料 10
(一)研究地點 10
(二)研究材料 11
二、TCI值計算 11
(一)各項次指標內容與評價方法 12
(二)旅遊氣候指數(TCI)計算與分級 16
(三)TCI值計算方法調整 18
三、統計分析 19
肆、結果與討論 20
一、溪頭自然教育園區氣候情況分析 20
(一)溪頭自然教育園區氣溫之分析 21
(二)溪頭自然教育園區降雨量之分析 24
二、TCI值之敘述統計結果 28
(一)以日資料轉換之TCI值計算結果 28
(二)以月資料轉換之TCI值計算結果 33
三、變異數分析 36
四、氣溫上升對於TCI值計算結果之影響 38
五、綜合討論 40
(一)利用月、日資料轉換TCI值各次指標之比較 40
(二)不同季節影響溪頭自然教育園區之TCI次指標 44
(三)日照指標 47
伍、結論 48
一、溪頭自然教育園區的氣候情況 48
(一)氣溫 48
(二)降雨量 48
二、溪頭自然教育園區的TCI值 49
(一)以日資料轉換之TCI值敘述性統計結果 49
(二)以月資料轉換之TCI值敘述性統計結果 49
(三)以日資料及月資料轉換之TCI值比較 50
(四)氣溫上升對於TCI值計算結果之影響 51
三、不同季節影響溪頭自然教育園區TCI之次指標 52
四、日照指標 52
陸、建議 53
柒、參考文獻 55


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