跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.222.218.145) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/02/29 17:47
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張瑞亭
研究生(外文):Jui-Ting Chang
論文名稱:土壤質地對美國螯蝦行為與棲地偏好之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Soil Textures on Behaviors and Habitat Preference of Procambarus clarkii
指導教授:張文亮張文亮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Lian Chang
口試委員:尤少彬廖少威張尊國
口試委員(外文):Shao-Pin YoShao-wei LiaoTsun-Kuo Chang
口試日期:2014-06-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物環境系統工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:美國螯蝦土壤質地碎形理論挖洞行為棲地偏好
外文關鍵詞:Procambarus clarkiisoil texturefractal theoryburrowing activityhabitat preference
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:348
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
美國螯蝦(Procambarus clarkii)為典型的淡水螯蝦入侵物種,具有雜食性、易繁殖及生長迅速的特徵,對台灣原生生態有相當大的衝擊。因此,瞭解美國螯蝦行為受環境因子之影響更顯重要。過往研究大多僅針對美國螯蝦在不同土壤質地上挖掘行為,而未探討該生物於不同土壤質地之活動情況。本研究主要針對不同底質與美國螯蝦之關係進行實驗。
研究分成兩部分,第一部分為針對美國螯蝦在砂土及壤土上之移動軌跡以碎形理論分析。當碎形維度值較接近1顯示美國螯蝦的移動是趨於直線,有明確目標;但在維度值接近2時則表示移動狀況複雜,無明確移動之目標。研究結果顯示雄螯蝦在壤土底質上之碎形維度值約為1.10-1.50,砂土底質上則為1.10-1.40;雌螯蝦在壤土底質上大多落於1.10-1.80,砂土底質為1.10-1.70之間。
另比較美國螯蝦在不同底質上其碎形維度值與各種行為進行研究分析,結果顯示雄螯蝦的移動不受底質及行為影響,碎形維度值為1.10-1.50。而雌螯蝦則受底質及行為之影響,當移動距離、移動瞬間速度、佇立或行走行為所佔之時間百分比改變,碎形維度值亦會跟著變化。但雌螯蝦在壤土上之移動不受挖掘行為或螯行為的影響,不過在砂土上卻會因此其而有所變化。
第二部分則是針對不同底質之偏好選擇情況進行研究,結果顯示美國螯蝦對土壤質地有選擇性,在試驗中,美國螯蝦大多會選擇壤土底質活動及棲息,較少出現於砂土及砂質壤土的混和土上。根據此結果,美國螯蝦對土壤具有選擇性,可提供為控制該外來種生物分布之參考方法。


Red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, is a typical invasive freshwater crayfish species and has been widely distributed in north Taiwan and Yilan County. Crayfish have some features that include omnivory, high fecundity, and rapid growth rate, often resulting in the great impacts on local ecosystem. Published red swamp crayfish studies are mainly focused on changes of burrowing behavior in different soil textures. In this study, we aim to know the relationship between different soil texture and crayfish behavior.
We investigated that the fractal dimension of crayfish’s movement in loam and in sand. The fractal dimension, clossing 1, showed the movements of crayfish which were clossing straight with indefinite target. As for clossing 2, it showed moving trace were complex and with no target. The results showed that the fractal dimension of male crayfish in loam and in sand were in a range of 1.10-1.50, and 1.10-1.40 and for female crayfish, 1.10-1.80, and 1.10-1.70.
The male crayfish was not clearly trended to the relationship between the fractal dimension and behaviors. Furthermore, movement of male crayfish didn’t change in different soil, as fractal dimension ranged 1.10-1.50. The female crayfish clearly trends to the relationship between the fractal dimension and moving distance, Instantaneous movement speed, standing or walking. The relationship between the fractal dimension and Chelating behaviors or burrowing behaviors of the female crayfish didn’t influence in loam, but did in sand.
The experiment was focus on understanding the habitat preference of the red swamp crayfish. Results indicated that the crayfishes primarily occupied the loam during the 6-hr test period instead of other soils, such as the sand or sandy loam. It also suggested that soil texture may influence red swamp crayfish distribution and, therefore, could be served as one approach of invasive crayfish control strategies in Taiwan.


目錄
口試委員會審定書 I
謝辭 II
中文摘要 III
Abstract IV
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1外來種之影響 1
1.2美國螯蝦分類 2
1.3研究動機及目的 10
第二章 文獻回顧 11
2.1棲地與生物移動的關係 11
2.2碎形理論 12
第三章 材料與方法 17
3.1生物捕捉 17
3.2土壤採集 18
3.3室內實驗設計 18
第四章 結果與討論 27
4.1第一部分實驗結果分析 27
4.2第二部分實驗結果分析 47
第五章 結論與建議 53
5.1結論 53
5.2建議 54
參考文獻 57
附錄一 各行為示意圖 63
附錄二 美國螯蝦移動軌跡 65
附錄三 美國螯蝦行為統計 75
附錄四 第一部分美國螯蝦移動速度 81
附錄五 第二部分實驗行為分析 82


1.王克行,(1998)。蝦蟹類增養殖學。基隆市:水產出版社。
2.林峰田,(1991)。空間混合度之準碎形指標。建築與城鄉研究學報, (6), 9-17。
3.林如珍,(1998)。以準碎形空間混合度指標探討都市土地使用型態的自我組織--整體空間發展受限模式之應用,中興都市計劃研究所碩士論文。
4.林金樹,(1985)。福壽螺為害水稻產量之損失估計。台中區農業改良場研究會報11.43-52。
5.郭魁士,(1992)。土壤學。永和市:中國書局。
6.施習德,(2006)。認識外來種美國螯蝦。農業世界雜誌278(10):10-13。
7.梁世雄、杜銘章、陳俊宏、謝寶森、侯平君,(2009)。外來入侵動物物種資料收集及管理工具之建立,行政院農業委員會林務局。
8.鍾友華,(2009)。應用碎形理論模擬灣岸形態。國立中山大學海洋環境及工程學系研究所。
9.劉長齡、黃進坤、領宗仰、林淑貞,(2003)。模糊混沌原理方法在工程上之應用: 碎形與混沌。台北:財團法人中興工程科技研究發展基金會。
10.顏椿益,(2009)。應用碎形理論於螃蟹族群空間分佈之研究。國立中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。
11.Aquaculture Management and Conservation Service (FIMA),(n.d.),照訪2014年4月24日,對水生物種引進聯合國糧農組織數據庫,網頁:http://www.fao.org/fishery。
12.Aquiloni, L., Ilheu, M., &; Gherardi, F. (2005). Habitat use and dispersal of the invasive crayfish Procambarus clarkii in ephemeral water bodies of Portugal.Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 38(4), 225-236.
13.Atkinson, R. J. A. , &; Taylor A.C.(1988). Physiological ecology of burrowing decapods.Symp.zool.Soc.Lond. No.59.
14.Barbaresi, S., &; Gherardi, F. (2000). The invasion of the alien crayfish Procambarus clarkii in Europe, with particular reference to Italy. Biological Invasions, 2(3), 259-264.
15.Barbaresi, S., Tricarico, E., &; Gherardi, F. (2004). Factors inducing the intense burrowing activity of the red-swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, an invasive species. Naturwissenschaften, 91(7), 342-345.
16.Barbaresi, S., Santini, G., Tricarico, E., &; Gherardi, F. (2004). Ranging behaviour of the invasive crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard). Journal of Natural History, 38(22), 2821-2832.
17.Cole, B. J. (1995). Fractal time in animal behaviour: the movement activity of Drosophila. Animal Behaviour, 50(5), 1317-1324.
18.Correia, A. M. (2003). Food choice by the introduced crayfish Procambarus clarkii. In Annales Zoologici Fennici ,Vol. 40(6), pp. 517-528.
19.Correia, A. M. &; Ferreira, OA. (1995). Burrowing behavior of the introduced red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in Portugal. J Crust Biol, 15, 248-257.
20.Cowie, R. H.(2001). Invertebrate invasions on Pacific Islands and the replacement of unique native faunas: a synthesis of the land and freshwater snails. Biological Invasion, 3: 229-136.
21.Fourcassie, V., Coughlin, D., &; Traniello, J. F. A. (1992). Fractal analysis of search behavior in ants. Naturwissenschaften, 79(2), 87-89.
22.Fuller, A. K., &; Harrison, D. J. (2010). Movement paths reveal scale-dependent habitat decisions by Canada lynx. Journal of Mammalogy, 91(5), 1269-1279.
23.Gherardi, F., Renai, B., &; Corti, C. (2001). Crayfish predation on tadpoles: A comparison between a native (Austropotamobius pallipes) and an alien species (Procambarus clarkii). Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture, (361), 659-668.
24.Gil-Sanchez, J.M., Alba-Tercedor, J., 2002. Ecology of the native and introduced crayfishes Austropotamobius pallipes and Procambarus clarkii in southern Spain and implications for conservation of the native species. Biological Conservation 105, 75–80.
25.Girard, C., 1852. A revision of the North American Astaci, with observations on their habitsand geographical distribution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 87-91
26.Grow, L. (1982). Burrowing/soil-texture relationships in the crayfish, Cambarus diogenes diogenes Girard (Decapoda, Astacidea). Crustaceana, 150-157.
27.Grow, L., &; Merchant, H. (1980). The burrow habitat of the crayfish, Cambarus diogenes diogenes (Girard). American Midland Naturalist, 231-237.
28.Guan, R. Z. (2010). Burrowing behaviour of signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana) in the River Great Ouse, England. In Freshwater Forum (Vol. 4, No. 3).
29.Halley, J. M., Hartley, S., Kallimanis, A. S., Kunin, W. E., Lennon, J. J., &; Sgardelis, S. P. (2004). Uses and abuses of fractal methodology in ecology.Ecology Letters, 7(3), 254-271.
30.Hazlett, B. A., Acquistapace, P., &; Gherardi, F. (2002). Differences in memory capabilities in invasive and native crayfish. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 22(2), 439-448.
31.Hazlett, B., Rittschof, D., &; Rubenstein, D. (1974). Behavioral biology of the crayfish Orconectes virilis I. Home range. American Midland Naturalist, 301-319.
32.Hoffmann, G. (1990). The site independent information that an isopod uses for homing. In Biological Motion , Springer Berlin Heidelberg ,305-318.
33.Holdich, D. M. (1993). A review of astaciculture: freshwater crayfish farming. Aquatic Living Resources, 6(04), 307-317.
34.Jay Huner,(n.d.),照訪2014年4月19日,Invasive Species Compendium,網頁:http://www.cabi.org/isc/。
35.Kerby, J. L., Riley, S. P., Kats, L. B., &; Wilson, P. (2005). Barriers and flow as limiting factors in the spread of an invasive crayfish ( Procambarus clarkii) in southern California streams. Biological Conservation, 126(3), 402-409.
36.Lawson, T. B., &; Wheaton, F. W. (1982). Pond culturing of crawfish in the Southern United States. Aquacultural Engineering, 1(4), 311-317.
37.Mandelbrot, B. B. (1967). How long is the coast of Britain?. Science, 156(3775), 636-638.
38.Marell, A., Ball, J. P., &; Hofgaard, A. (2002). Foraging and movement paths of female reindeer: insights from fractal analysis, correlated random walks, and Levy flights. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80(5), 854-865.
39.Matsura, S. &; Hamano, T. (1984). Selection of arti&;#64257;cial burrows by the Japanese mantis shrimp with some notes on natural burrows. Bull. Jap. Soc. sci. Fish. 50, 1963–1968
40.Mason, J. C. 1963. Life history and productionof the crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus trow-bridgii (Stimpson), in a small woodlandstream. M.S. Thesis. Oregon State Univ.,Corvallis. 204pp.
41.McClain, W. R., &; Romaire, R. P. (2007). Procambarid crawfish: Life history and biology. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, 2403.
42.McClain, W. R., Romaire, R. P., Lutz, C. G., &; Shirley, M. G. (2007). Louisiana crawfish production manual. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Publication, 2637.
43.Mkoji, G. M., Hofkin, B. V., Kuris, A. M., Stewart-Oaten, A., Mungai, B. N., Kihara, J. H., ... &; Loker, E. S. (1999). Impact of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii on Schistosoma haematobium transmission in Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 61(5), 751-759.
44.Momot, W. T., Gowing, H., &; Jones, P. D. (1978). The dynamics of crayfish and their role in ecosystems. American Midland Naturalist, 10-35.
45.Nams, V. O., &; Bourgeois, M. (2004). Fractal analysis measures habitat use at different spatial scales: an example with American marten. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 82(11), 1738-1747.
46.Nams, V. O. (2005). Using animal movement paths to measure response to spatial scale. Oecologia, 143(2), 179-188.
47.Nams VO. (2013). FRACTAL:A program to analyze movement paths of animal movement paths.Available from: http://www.dal.ca/faculty/agriculture/environmental-sciences/faculty-staff/our- faculty/vilis-nams/fractal.html
48.Noro, C. K., &; Buckup, L. (2010). The burrows of Parastacus defossus (Decapoda: Parastacidae), a fossorial freshwater crayfish from southern Brazil.Zoologia (Curitiba), 27(3), 341-346.
49.Parkyn, S. M., Collier, K. J., &; Hicks, B. J. (2001). New Zealand stream crayfish: functional omnivores but trophic predators?. Freshwater Biology, 46(5), 641-652.
50.Perrings, C., Dehnen-Schmutz, K., Touza, J., &; Williamson, M. (2005). How to manage biological invasions under globalization. Trends in Ecology &; Evolution,20(5), 212-215.
51.Robinson, C. A., Thom, T. J., &; Lucas, M. C. (2000). Ranging behaviour of a large freshwater invertebrate, the white&;#8208;clawed crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes. Freshwater Biology, 44(3), 509-521.
52.Schneider, R. A. Z., Schneider, R. W., &; Moore, P. A. (1999). Recognition of dominance status by chemoreception in the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25(4), 781-794.
53.Schreier, A. L., &; Grove, M. (2010). Ranging patterns of hamadryas baboons: random walk analyses. Animal Behaviour, 80(1), 75-87.
54.Seuront, L., Brewer, M. C., &; Strickler, J. R. (2004). Quantifying zooplankton swimming behavior: the question of scale. Handbook of scaling methods in aquatic ecology: measurement, analysis, simulation. CRC Press, Boca Raton,333, 359.
55.Siesa, M. E., Manenti, R., Padoa-Schioppa, E., De Bernardi, F., &; Ficetola, G. F. (2011). Spatial autocorrelation and the analysis of invasion processes from distribution data: a study with the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. Biological invasions, 13(9), 2147-2160.
56.Stoeckel, J. A., Helms, B. S., &; Cash, E. (2011). Evaluation of a crayfish burrowing chamber design with simulated groundwater flow. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 31(1), 50-58.
57.Stoyan, D., &; Stoyan, H. (1994). Fractals, random shapes, and point fields: methods of geometrical statistics . Chichester: Wiley.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top