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研究生:黃育歆
研究生(外文):Yu-Hsin Huang
論文名稱:溪頭三種林相之土壤性質、團粒穩定度和氮磷劃分研究
論文名稱(外文):The investigation of soil properties, aggregates stability, nitrogen and phosphorus fractions in three forest stands in Xitou
指導教授:鍾仁賜鍾仁賜引用關係
口試委員:李達源鄭智馨陳仁炫黃裕銘
口試日期:2014-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農業化學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業化學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:天然林柳杉林竹林胺基醣態氮胺基酸態氮鹽酸萃取磷殘餘磷
外文關鍵詞:natural forestJapanese cedar forestbamboo forestamino sugar-Namino acid-NHCl extractable-Presidual-P
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森林生態系的永續經營須仰賴良好的土壤品質,而土壤的性質和養分循環在不同植生組成之林相間可能產生差異。本研究選擇溪頭地區環境條件相似之毗鄰林地,採集天然闊葉林、人工柳杉林和竹林土壤剖面,調查三種林相的土壤性質和團粒穩定度,並探討氮磷劃分在不同深度土層的有效性和分布,以瞭解不同植生對土壤性質之影響。研究結果顯示,三種林相之土壤 pH 值由低到高依序為天然林、柳杉林和竹林;有機質含量以竹林土壤最低,導電度值則在林相間沒有差異。Mehlich Ⅲ 可萃取性鈣、鎂、鐵、銅和鋅濃度在三種林相間沒有差異;Mehlich Ⅲ 可萃取性磷和鉀濃度由高到低則大致為天然林、柳杉林和竹林;Mehlich Ⅲ 可萃取性錳在竹林土壤中濃度最高。所有樣區的表層土壤 (0-10 cm) 有最低的 pH 值及最高的電導度,且有機質含量及 Mehlich Ⅲ 可萃取性磷、鉀、鎂、鐵、錳和鋅濃度最高。三種林相中,柳杉林和竹林的團粒穩定度高於天然林,不同深度的樣區間則無差異。不同劃分的氮中,除無機態氮與水解性銨態氮外,林相間各個氮劃分濃度大致以天然林最高、竹林最低,柳杉林則介於兩者之間;所有氮劃分濃度隨著土層深度增加而遞減,在 0-5 cm 土壤中濃度最高,10 cm以下則無差異。總磷、碳酸氫鈉萃取磷和氫氧化鈉萃取磷濃度大致以天然林最高、竹林最低,水萃取磷、鹽酸萃取磷和殘餘磷在林相間無差異;所有磷劃分在0-5公分土層中有最高濃度,並隨深度增加而遞減。綜上所述,天然林、柳杉林和竹林之土壤性質、團粒穩定度和氮磷形態及濃度分布具有一定之差異。

Sustainability of forest ecosystems relies on good soil qualities. The diversities of vegetation in forest stands may arise differences in soil properties and affect nutrient cycling. This study aimed to investigate the soil properties, aggregates stability, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fractions in soils collected from natural broad-leaf stand (Nat-F), Japanese cedar plantation (Cedar-F) and Moso bamboo plantation (Bamb-F) in Xitou, Taiwan. The results showed that soil pH value increased in the order of Nat-F, Cedar-F and Bamb-F; organic matter content was the lowest in Bamb-F soil and no significant difference in electrical conductivity among three forest stands. Concentrations of Mehlich Ⅲ extractable P and potassium (K) decreased in the order of Nat-F, Cedar-F and Bamb-F while manganese (Mn) was the highest in Bamb-F. There was no significant difference in concentrations of Mehlich Ⅲ extractable calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) among three forest stands. The topsoil (0-10 cm) showed the lowest pH value and the highest electrical conductivities in all studied sites. The organic matter contents and Mehlich Ⅲ extractable P, K, Mg, Fe, Mn and Zn also showed the highest concentrations in 0-10 cm layers. Aggregate stability in Cedar-F and Bamb-F soil profiles was greater than in Nat-F, but there was no differences in aggregate stability in varied depths of the same forest stand. The concentrations of all N fractions studied were the highest in Nat-F and the lowest in Bamb-F soil with the exception of inorganic N and hydrolyzable ammonium N fractions. The concentrations of different fractions of N decreased with increase in depth and were the highest in 0-5 cm soil layer. The Nat-F soil had the highest concentrations of total P, NaHCO3-P and NaOH-P while there was no significant difference in H2O-P, HCl-P and residue-P in three forest stands. In conclusion, there were differences in soils of Nat-F, Cedar-F and bamboo-F in chosen properties, aggregate stability, different fractions of N and P.

摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I
Abstract -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------II
目錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IV
圖目錄 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------VI
表目錄 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------VII
附圖目錄 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------VIII
附表目錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------IX
第一章 前言與研究目的 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
第二章 前人研究 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
一、森林土壤 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
二、土壤團粒 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
三、土壤氮 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
四、土壤磷 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
五、竹林土壤 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
六、溪頭鳳凰山試驗區 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
第三章 材料與方法 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 10
一、試驗地概述 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
二、樣品採集 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
三、樣品處理 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
四、試驗項目 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15
五、試劑配製 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16
六、實驗流程 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
七、統計分析 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
第四章 結果與討論 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 28
一、土壤性質 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28
二、土壤 Mehlich Ⅲ 可萃取性元素 -------------------------------------------------- 31
三、土壤團粒穩定度 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
四、土壤氮劃分 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
五、土壤磷劃分 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
第五章 結論 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 64
第六章 參考文獻 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 65
附錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 78


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