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研究生:莊士賡
研究生(外文):Shih-Keng Chuang
論文名稱:以基板合成波導實現左右手傳輸線之雙頻帶漏波天線與LTCC製程之60GHz嵌入式端射型天線特性驗證
論文名稱(外文):Design of Dual Band CRLH Substrate Integrated Waveguide Leaky Wave Antenna And The Performance Verification of Embedded End-Fire Antennas in LTCC for 60GHz
指導教授:盧信嘉
口試委員:林怡成陳士元馬自莊
口試日期:2014-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:電信工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:雙頻帶漏波天線左右手合成傳輸線低溫共燒陶瓷V頻段端射天線
外文關鍵詞:dual band leaky wave antennacomposite right/left hand transmission linelow temperature co-fired ceramicsV bandend-fire antenna
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本論文分為兩部分,第一部分以基板合成波導之型式,實現一雙頻帶左右手漏波天線結構,能量由波導上方之開槽結構輻射,另於漏波天線兩端設計不同於波導結構之右手傳輸線,使雙頻帶設計更具彈性且面積縮小。於開槽旁增加貫孔(VIA)之設計,調整操作頻帶,並以雙開槽之型式提高天線增益。以上三種天線結構之設計理論與細節,模擬與量測驗證,於本論文第二及第三章中討論。
第二部分為低溫共燒陶瓷製程下,V頻帶端射型天線特性驗證,分別設計單極及槽孔兩種不同形式之天線,考量製作過程變異性,分析不同設計參數對於反射係數之影響,並對天線隔離度進行探討,模擬與量測驗證結果,於本論文第四及第五章中比較分析。


This thesis is divided into two parts, the first part is a design of CRLH dual band leaky wave antenna by substrate integrated waveguide (SIW). Energy is radiated from the top slots of the SIW. By adding transmission line differs from SIW structure on both sides of SIW, the dual band design can be more flexible and the size of antenna can be reduced. VIAs are added near the slot for adjusting the operating frequency. Dual slots on the top of SIW for enhancing the gain of antenna is also proposed in this thesis. Design theory, antenna structure, simulation and measurement verification of these three antennas, are discussed in the second and the third chapter in the thesis.
The second part is the verification of embedded end-fire antenna in LTCC for V-band. Two different type of antenna, monopole and slot, are proposed. Considering the variation in the manufacturing process, the impact of different design parameters on the reflection coefficient and the isolation are analyzed. The comparison of simulation and measurement result are discussed in the fourth and fifth chapter.


口試委員會審定書 #
誌謝 i
中文摘要 ii
ABSTRACT iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xviii
第1章 動機與論文簡介 1
1.1 雙頻天線研究背景 1
1.2 V頻帶天線研究背景 3
1.2.1 設計問題描述 3
1.2.2 V頻帶介紹 3
1.3 各章節簡介 5
第2章 理論分析與天線設計 6
2.1 左右手傳輸線 6
2.1.1 右手傳輸線模型 6
2.1.2 左手物質 9
2.1.3 左手傳輸線模型 9
2.1.4 左右手合成傳輸線模型 13
2.2 漏波天線 15
2.2.1 行波天線 15
2.2.2 波導漏波天線 16
2.2.3 左右手波導漏波天線 16
2.2.4 等效 函數萃取 18
2.3 雙頻帶設計 20
2.3.1 文獻回顧 20
2.3.2 雙頻帶天線架構 22
2.4 漏波天線設計 23
2.4.1 基板合成波導 23
2.4.2 開槽結構設計 24
2.4.3 右手傳輸線設計 28
2.4.4 週期性結構設計 28
2.4.5 增加貫孔之設計(Test2) 33
2.4.6 雙開槽設計(Test3) 39
第3章 量測 48
3.1 TRL校準 48
3.1.1 TRL校準原理 48
3.1.2 TRL校準設計 51
3.2 量測環境與校準 54
3.2.1 S參數量測 54
3.2.2 場型量測 56
3.3 量測結果驗證 57
3.3.1 Test1 57
3.3.2 Test2增加貫孔之設計 62
3.3.3 Test3雙開槽設計 68
第4章 簡介與嵌入式天線 77
4.1 低溫共燒陶瓷 77
4.2 嵌入式端射天線 78
4.2.1 嵌入式天線 78
4.2.2 端射天線 78
4.3 嵌入式單極天線 79
4.3.1 天線結構設計 79
4.3.2 參數設計 80
4.3.3 隔離度測試 81
4.4 嵌入式槽孔天線 83
4.4.1 天線結構設計 83
4.4.2 參數設計 85
4.4.3 隔離度測試 87
第5章 量測與驗證 90
5.1 量測環境與校準 90
5.1.1 量測環境 90
5.1.2 量測校準 90
5.1.3 探針效應校準 91
5.2 量測結果驗證 94
5.2.1 嵌入式單極天線 94
5.2.2 嵌入式槽孔天線 101
第6章 結論與展望 109
6.1 結論 109
6.2 未來展望 109
參考文獻 111


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[2]Chia-Chan Chang, "Microwave and Millimeter Wave Beam Steering/Shaping Phased Antenna Arrays and Related Applications," Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2003.
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