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研究生:曾天威
研究生(外文):Tien-wei Tseng
論文名稱:學術圖書館鏈結書目資料系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Linked Bibliographic Data System for Academic Libraries
指導教授:陳光華陳光華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuang-hua Chen
口試委員:唐牧群楊東謀
口試委員(外文):Muh-Chyun TangTung-Mou Yang
口試日期:2014-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:圖書資訊學研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:圖書資訊檔案學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:鏈結資料開放鏈結資料開放資料語意網圖書館學術圖書館知識本體五星標準
外文關鍵詞:Linked DataLinked Open DataOpen DataLibraryOntologyMetadataRDAFRBRSemanticWebSPARQLMARC
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資訊技術的快速發展,資料應用的迫切需求,使得圖書館必須持續思考圖書資訊服務的模式。為了滿足新的資源描述標準RDA及FRBR書目資料模型對資源描述的需求,以及促進圖書館資料的利用,圖書館MARC資料格式應逐漸遷移至鏈結資料格式。本研究使用國立臺灣大學圖書館書目資料,遵循鏈結資料建置原則,發展書目資料轉換的應用程序,將MARC資料格式轉換為鏈結資料格式,並建置鏈結資料資訊系統 <LIPS-LOD>,用以展示鏈結資料資訊系統可能的資訊服務樣貌。

本研究以建置<LIPS-LOD>的實作過程,提供圖書館鏈結資料系統的完整實作方法、程序以及經驗分享:

1. 建立鏈結資料模型
2. 產生鏈結資料集
3. 建置RDF TripleStore
4. 建置SPARQL Endpoint
5. 建置 <LIPS-LOD> 鏈結資料系統

最後,本研究提出發展鏈結資料系統遭遇的問題及研究發展建議,作為未來進行鏈結資料研究之參考。



The information technology is changing and developing rapidly, and the needs of data applications is urgently. It makes libraries think of new information service models. In order to meet the RDA standard and FRBR model to describe library resources and facilitate the use of library data, the proprietary MARC data format should be migrated to Linked data format gradually. The study is conforms the linked data principle, it developed a procedure to convert the MARC format to Linked Data format based on the library bibliographic data of National Taiwan University. The study has implemented a linked data information system <LIPS-LOD> to present various kinds of services as well.

The implementation process for <LIPS-LOD> could provide methods, procedures, and experiences for interesting readers:

1. Establish a linked data model
2. Generate the Linked dataset
3. Build and tuning the RDF TripleStore
4. Build a SPARQL Endpoint
5. Implementing the <LIPS-LOD> linked data information system

Finally, the study has identified challenging issues while developing the <LIPS-LOD> system, and proposes suggestions for future research.



誌謝 i
中文摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
目次 v
圖目次 vii
表目次 ix
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與問題陳述 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究範圍與限制 4
第四節 研究方法與步驟 5
第五節 名詞解釋 7
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 語意網 11
第二節 鏈結資料 13
第三節 鏈結資料與圖書館現況 18
第三章 研究設計 21
第一節 研究目標與資料來源 21
第二節 建立鏈結資料模型 22
第三節 未來發展與維護工作 40
第四章 系統規劃與建置 41
第一節 系統服務規劃 41
第二節 開發環境 42
第三節 鏈結資料集之建置 43
第四節 RDF TripleStore資料庫之建置 55
第五節 SPARQL Endpoint之建置 59
第六節 <LIPS-LOD> 資訊系統之建置 64
第五章 成果分析與問題討論 81
第一節 鏈結資料系統達成成效 81
第二節 問題討論 85
第三節 未來研究建議 88
參考文獻 91


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