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研究生:張强
研究生(外文):Raditya Derifa Jannatin
論文名稱:客車召回資料庫之關聯性分析
論文名稱(外文):Association Analysis on Passenger Car Recall Archived Data
指導教授:紀佳芬紀佳芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia – Fen Chi
口試委員:紀佳芬
口試委員(外文):Chia – Fen Chi
口試日期:2014-01-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:工業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:汽车召回数据库编码体系协会
外文關鍵詞:vehicle recalldatabasecoding systemassociation.
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摘要
本研究分析车辆2011~2012年期间,美国国家公路交通安全管理局(NHTSA )的数据库采取的347安全召回。每个罢免案,由车辆品牌,受影响的车辆数量,生产日期,召回日期,召回的原因,零件/部件的影响,安全性的后果与影响的组件,并采取纠正措施进行编码,以便进一步分析的名称。编码方案被设计为受影响的组件,召回原因和后果分为有用的类别。披系数分析是用来检查受影响的部位和原因之间的相互依赖趋势召回以确定根本原因在受影响的组件,用于日后的预防措施。
受影响的组件和原因召回的显著协会表示润滑不良,经常在电动车窗主控开关发现,电气缺陷问题往往是在光线和空气囊发现,悬挂部件在质量控制和腐蚀有问题,座椅部件往往未能遵守安全标准,设计尺寸变化是在点火开关有问题,构件的疲劳常常发现在传输和不当的材料处理的制造制动造成的缺陷。
原因和结果之间的显著关联表明,设计上的缺陷会造成高度的火灾损伤和润滑不良导致车辆。
虽然分量和后果之间的显著协会表示,缺陷气囊的可能性很高造成的伤害和缺陷在窗口车辆引起火灾。
ABSTRACT
This study analyzed 347 safety recalls of vehicle taken from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) database during 2011 to 2012. Each of the recall case, consists of name of vehicle brand, number of affected vehicles, production date, recall date, causes of recall, part/component affected, safety consequence related to affected component, and corrective action is coded for further analysis. A coding scheme is designed to classify the affected component, cause of recall, and consequence into useful categories. Phi coefficient analysis is employed to examine the interdependency trend between the affected parts and cause for recall to identify root cause in affected component for future preventive action.
Significant associations between affected components and cause for recall indicated poor lubrication was often found in power windows master switch, electrical defect problem was often found in light and air bag, suspension component had problem in quality control and corrosion, seats component is often failed to comply the safety standard, design dimension change be a problem in ignition switch, component fatigue was often found in transmission and improper material handling at fabrication caused defect in braking.
Significant association between causes and consequence showed that design defect will highly cause injury and poor lubrication causes vehicle in fire.
While significant association between component and consequence indicated that defect air bag high possibility to cause injury and defect in window cause vehicle in fire.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii
LIST OF FIGURES v
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Research Objectives 3
1.3 Research Scope and Constraint 3
1.4 Research Framework 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Vehicle Recall Data Source 5
2.2 Vehicle Safety Related Defect 5
2.3 Government Compliance 14
2.4 Coding System 16
2.5 Phi Coefficient Analysis 16
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 18
3.1 Vehicle recall cases selection. 18
3.1.1 Recall cases source 18
3.1.2 Cases Selection 20
3.2 Vehicle recall database 20
3.3 Coding scheme 21
3.3.1 Causes 21
3.3.2 Components 24
3.3.3 Consequences 25
3.4 Statistical analyses 26
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS 27
4.1 Frequency distribution 27
4.2 Phi Coefficient Analysis 32
4.2.1 Association between Causes and Component 32
4.2.2 Association Between Causes and Consequence 42
4.2.3 Association between Component and Consequence 45
4.3 Discussion 46
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION 53
REFERENCES 54
APPENDIX A - FMVSS Applicability to Vehicle Type and Equipment Items (NHTSA, 2012) 57
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