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研究生:竇仁君
研究生(外文):Jen-Chun Tou
論文名稱:社會經濟因素對臺灣與美國房價影響力之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A comparative study of the effects of socioeconomic factors on housing prices in Taiwan and the USA
指導教授:林維熊林維熊引用關係葉明義葉明義引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Shong LinMing-Yih Yeh
口試委員:林維熊葉明義
口試委員(外文):Wei-Shong LinMing-Yih Yeh
口試日期:2014-01-10
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:社會經濟因素房價區域房價特徵價格
外文關鍵詞:Socioeconomic factorsHousing pricesRegional Housing pricesHedonic Prices
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本研究探討影響住宅房價的社會經濟因素,以及社會經濟因素對不同住宅市場的影響效果。首先,分別分析影響臺灣與美國房價的社會經濟因素,並探討哪些社會經濟因素分別對臺灣與美國區域房價的影響效果。雖然臺灣住宅市場在規模上遠小於美國的住宅市場,然而社會經濟因素對房價的影響卻有許多相同之處。本研究進一步比較臺灣與美國的住宅市場,經分別探討影響臺灣與美國房價的社會經濟因素,發現有婚人口比例、個人平均所得、高學歷人口比、租金所得比等因素,均對臺灣與美國房價產生正向影響,而暴力犯罪率和空屋率則對臺灣與美國房價產生負向影響。當整合臺灣與美國房價模型後,發現臺灣在人口數及有婚人口比例等兩項因素,對房價的影響力較美國大;在高齡人口比例及家庭所得等兩項因素對房價的影響力,則較美國小。
This study examines the determinants of socioeconomic factors on housing prices and their effects in different housing markets. First, this paper analyzes the determinants of socioeconomic factors on housing prices and their effects among various regions in Taiwan and the United States respectively. Although the scale of housing market in Taiwan is much smaller than the housing market in the United States, there are some of the same determinants of socioeconomic factors on housing prices in Taiwan and the United States respectively. The results reveal that the percentage of married population, average annual wage, the percentage of highly educated population, and rent-income ratio produce greater effects on housing prices. The violent crime rates and vacancy rates produce negative significant effects on housing prices. Furthermore, this study generates two findings after integrating the housing price models of Taiwan and the United States. First, the population and the percentage of married population produce greater effects on housing prices in Taiwan than those in the United States. Second, the elderly population percentage and household income produce less significant effects on housing prices in Taiwan than those in the United States.
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌  謝 Ⅲ
目 錄 ⅠⅤ
圖表索引 Ⅴ
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 特徵價格法與房價估計 5
第二節 影響房價的社會經濟因素 7
第三章 研究方法 12
第一節 研究架構 12
第二節 研究範圍 14
第三節 研究變數之定義與衡量 14
第四節 資料收集 16
第五節 模型設計與選擇 19
第四章 實證分析與討論 22
第一節 臺灣房價模型 22
第二節 美國房價模型 31
第三節 比較影響臺灣與美國房價之社會經濟因素 40
第五章 結論與建議 48
第一節 研究結論 48
第二節 研究貢獻 49
第三節 管理意涵 50
第四節 研究限制與未來研究建議 51
參考文獻 52
一、中文部分
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