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研究生:郭恩書
研究生(外文):En-Shu Kuo
論文名稱:可變禁止式出口標誌運用於火災避難路徑選擇
論文名稱(外文):Changeable prohibitory exit signs used in choice of fire evacuation route
指導教授:林慶元林慶元引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Yuan Lin
口試委員:林慶元
口試委員(外文):Ching-Yuan Lin
口試日期:2013-12-20
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:建築系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:可變禁止式出口標示路徑搜尋圖像認知
外文關鍵詞:Changeable prohibitory exit signsway-findingicon cognition.
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由於建築物內部空間日趨複雜,既有出口標示在火災時恐難以適時提供避難引導,本研究提出可變禁止式出口標示之概念,探討可變標示應用於路徑搜尋協助的可能性。本研究發現無論有無事前告知可變禁止式出口標示的意義,一般民眾在該標示認知上均呈現正確理解,避難成功率提高約兩成,但在不同空間環境等條件下則需以更多、更廣泛的實驗來驗證之。關於既有標示,透過標示意義告知後其路徑選擇正確率也提高約8%,證實既有標示的持續教育宣導也十分重要。避難行為特徵方面研究發現:1.無論男女均有左轉傾向。2.不熟悉空間中男性在有效路徑選擇上較女性略佳。
ABSTRACT
As building interior space becomes increasingly complex, current exit signs in fire incidents may not be able to provide timely evacuation guidance. This study proposes a concept of changeable prohibitory exit signs, and discusses the feasibility of using the signs to help with the way-finding. This study has concluded that whether the meanings of such changeable prohibitory exit signs have been explained beforehand, the general public's cognition and understanding of the signs are positively presented, and the evacuation success rate has been increased 20%. The increase, however, needs to be further verified with more and extensive experiments in different spatial conditions of environment. Even with the current signs, after explanation of their meanings, the accuracy of way-finding has a 8% improvement, which proves that education on current signs is also very important. On the behavioral characteristics of evacuation, it is found that (1) both males and females tend to make a left turn; (2) in an unfamiliar space, males are slightly better than females in choosing effective routes.
目錄
中文摘要………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………II
誌謝……………………………………………………………………III
目錄……………………………………………………………………IV
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………V
表目錄…………………………………………………………………VI

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………..1
第二章 全尺寸實驗計畫………………………………………………..4
2.1實驗設計…........................................................................................................8
2.2參與實驗人員…………………………..........................................................10
2.3研究限制…………………………………......................................................11
第三章 結果與討論……………………………………………………….………12
3.1第一階段避難行為(既有出口標示認知)..........……..........…………………12
3.2第二階段避難行為選擇有效避難路徑(可變禁止式出口標示認知)…..…15
3.3整體避難行為............…………………...........................…..……………….17
第四章 結論………….....………………………………………...…….19
參考文獻………………………………………………………..……...20
附錄

圖目錄
圖1 Exit……….………………………………………………............................…….4
圖2 C.P. Exit中的禁止圖像……............................................................................…..5
圖3 C.P. Exit控制啟動模組……………..............…………….……...................….5
圖 4 C.P. Exit (未啟動)………………………………………………....................….6
圖 5 C.P. Exit (啟動)….........................……………………….….........................…..6
圖 6實驗平圖面…………………………..............…………….……...................….7
圖 7避難時間與路徑關係圖………………………………….……........................10

表目錄
表 1首次避難方向….........................................……………………………….....…13
表 2第一階段避難行為.....................………………………………………………15
表 3第二階段避難行為.....................………………………………………………16
[1] United Nations, Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals of 8 November 1968。Ministry of Interior, Exit Indicator and Evacuation Indicator Approval Standard, 2009.
[2] Wogalter, M.S., Conzola V.C., Smith-Jackson. Research-based guidelines for warning design and evaluation. Applied Ergonomics, 33, pp. 219-230, 2002.
[3] Shieh, K.K., Huang, S.M., Factors affecting preference ratings of prohibitive symbols, Applied Ergonomics, 34, pp. 581-587, 2003.
[4] Ouellette MJ., Exit signs in smoke: design parameters for greater visibility. Lighting Research and Technology, 20(4), pp.155–160(1988).
[5] Maguire, M. C., Areview of human factors guidelines and techniques for the design of graphical human–computer interfaces. Computers and Graphics, 9 (3), pp. 221-235, 1985.
[6] Murray, L.A., Magurno, A.B., Glover, B.L., Wogalter, M.S. Prohibitive pictorials: Evaluations of different circle-slash negation symbols. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 22, pp. 473-482, 1998.
[7] Montello, D. R. Spatial Orientation And The Angularity Of Urban Routes A Field Study. Environment and Behavior, 23(1), 47-69.(1991).
[8] Romedi Passini, Wayfinding in architecture,Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. (1939).
[9] Passini, R. Way-finding: backbone of graphic support systems. Visual Information for Everyday Use, London: Taylor & Francis,(1999)
[10] Evans, G. W. Environmental cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 259-287. (1980).
[11] Montello, D.R., Lovelace, K.L., Golledge, R.G., Self, C.M., 1999. Annals of the association of American eographers sex-related differences and similarities in geographic and environmental , Spatial Abilities, 89 (3).(1999)
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[17] Collins BL., Visibility of exit directional indicators. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, 20(1), pp.117–33(1991).
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