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研究生:李羽晨
研究生(外文):Yu-chen Li
論文名稱:主路徑方法與傳統法學研究方法之比較:以商標淡化為例
論文名稱(外文):Comparing the Main Path Analysis and the Legal Research Method: Trademark Dilution as an Example
指導教授:陳曉慧陳曉慧引用關係劉顯仲
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-hui ChenJohn S. Liu
口試委員:陳曉慧劉顯仲
口試委員(外文):Hsiao-hui ChenJohn S. Liu
口試日期:2014-01-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:科技管理所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:傳統法學研究方法主路徑研究方法引證商標淡化
外文關鍵詞:legal research methodsmainpath analysiscitationtrademark dilution
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案例有總結司法經驗、推動法學發展的作用,傳統法學研究方法研究判例法(case law) 係由專家學者依其經驗選擇重要案例,對問題提出推論,通常需要耗費大量人力與時間。主路徑方法依據引證關係選出重要案例,取代人為判讀,與傳統法學方法相比較,有輔助傳統法學研究之功效。隨經濟發展,商標侵權行為由相類似商品擴張到不相類似的商品,使商標擁有人商標權無法受商標侵權保護,因此立法者將未經允許使用商標權人商標於與原本不相同類別的產品或服務的行為,單獨拉出以商標淡化來處理。因美國實務案例有完整引證資料庫,故以美國商標淡化實務案例為本研究主題。

本研究擷取Westlaw 資料庫中關於商標淡化在美國最高法院﹑聯邦上訴法院及聯邦巡迴法院,共538個案例,然後依其引證關係,以時間為順序,繪出商標淡化案例的主要發展軌跡。而後分析此軌跡,比對與傳統法學研究結果之契合度,藉以了解主路徑方法在法學研究領域的效用。

本研究發現,兩研究方法在商標淡化發展三階段關注的重要爭點相似。主路徑研究方法能快速繪出法學概念的重要發展歷程,比以往專家學者之人工搜尋有效率。本研究發現專家學者對研究主題遺漏的重要部分,且能看出每階段最熱門討論議題,足見主路徑研究與傳統法學研究方法有相輔相成的效果。
This study compares two methods: the main path analysis and traditional legal research. Law cases have the functions of integrating judicial experiences and advancing the development of law. In the realm of legal research methods, experts have to sort out the issues from a collection of law cases. The task usually takes enormous human efforts. The citation-based main path analysis is a potential alternative to alleviate the efforts.

As some famous trademarks were being used to unrelated goods, trademark dilution becomes more important nowadays. This study selects cases of Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit Court and Supreme Court (CTAF, CTA, SCT) in trademark dilution from the Westlaw database (total 538 cases). We employ the main path analysis to explore the referring relationships of these cases and trace the development of legal opinions on trademark dilution. Finally, we compare the advantages and disadvantages of the legal research method and the main path analysis method.

The development of trademark dilution can be identified into three periods, the critical cases which we find by main path analysis is consistent with the results of the legal research methods. We conclude that the main path analysis can be a complimentary facilitator to the legal research method. Researchers who adopt the main path analysis will have the advantage of being more efficient, building a holistic framework of the specific issues, and organizing the major legal issues by time.
目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第貳章 文獻探討 4
第一節 商標淡化 4
2.1.1美國傳統商標保護的困境 4
2.1.2 美國商標淡化的延革 4
2.1.3 商標淡化的意義 6
第二節 傳統法學研究方法 7
第三節 主路徑分析 10
第參章 研究方法 20
第一節 研究架構 20
3.1.1資料來源 22
3.1.2資料蒐集與關鍵字檢索 23
3.1.3法律引證和引證網路建構 24
3.1.4主路徑分析與Pajek 25
第肆章 研究結果 27
第一節 總體關鍵延伸主路徑分析 27
4.1.1 總體延伸關鍵主路徑(Key route 5) 29
4.1.2 總體延伸關鍵主路徑(Key route 25) 45
第二節 傳統法學的商標淡化研究與主路徑研究方法的比較 57
4.2.1 美國聯邦淡化法訂定前(1996年以前) 59
4.2.2 美國聯邦淡化法訂定後(1996年~2006年) 60
4.2.3 美國聯邦淡化法修正案通過後(2006年之後) 62
第伍章 研究結論與建議 64
第一節 研究結論 64
第二節 研究限制與未來建議 66
5.2.1 研究限制 66
5.2.2 未來建議 66
參考文獻 67
附錄 71
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