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研究生:陳美玲
研究生(外文):SYLVIANA
論文名稱:在次臨界溶液下利用痲瘋樹種子生產生質柴油
論文名稱(外文):IN SITU BIODIESEL PRODUCTION USING JATROPHA CURCAS KERNEL IN SUBCRITICAL SOLVENT SYSTEM
指導教授:朱 義 旭
指導教授(外文):Yi-Hsu, Ju
口試委員:朱 義 旭
口試委員(外文):Yi-Hsu, Ju
口試日期:2014-01-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:生質柴油痲瘋樹種子原位轉酯化次臨界甲醇
外文關鍵詞:Biodieselin situ transesterificationJatropha curcas L. seedsubcritical condition
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痲瘋樹種子被廣泛研究用於生產生質柴油,但其中有一個主要缺點是由於種子內含過量的游離脂肪酸,使得它不適合在傳統鹼催化過程中作為原料油。本研究探討利用原位轉酯化種子油以生產生質柴油,目的在於減少生產步驟。相較於超臨界甲醇技術,在較溫和的條件下,使甲醇和醋酸的混合物在次臨界條件下與痲瘋樹種子反應以生產生質柴油,其產率為可萃取脂質的92%(乾內核的54%)。該程序能容忍水分(高達約10%)和游離脂肪酸的存在(高達5%),是以可省去前處理步驟。
Jatropha curcas L. seed is widely studied for the production of biodiesel. A major drawback is due to the presence of excess free fatty acid in its seeds that makes it unsuitable as feedstock oil in the conventional base-catalyzed process for biodiesel production. In this study, in-situ transesterification of seed oil was studied with aim to reduce production steps. A mixture of methanol and acetic acid under subcritical conditions was employed for the in situ transesterification of Jatropha curcas L. seed kernel to produce biodiesel under less severe operating conditions compared to supercritical methanol technologies. A yield of 92% based on extractable lipids (54% based on dry kernel) was obtained. The process investigated is capable of tolerating the presence of moisture (up to ~10%) and free fatty acid (up to 5%), eliminating the need for pre-treatment steps.
TABLE OF CONTENT

摘要......................................................................................................................................i
Abstract (English) ...............................................................................................................ii
Acknowledgement..............................................................................................................iii
Table of Content..................................................................................................................iv
List of Figures.....................................................................................................................vi
List of Tables......................................................................................................................vii

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................1
1.1 Biodiesel.......................................................................................................2
1.2 Scope and Limitation....................................................................................3

CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW.............................................................................4
2.1 Crops for biodiesel production.....................................................................4
2.2 Jatropha curcas Linnaeus.............................................................................5
2.3 Oil Extraction................................................................................................7
2.4 Physicochemical properties of Jatropha oil.................................................8
2.5 Transesterification......................................................................................10
2.6 Jatropha curcas for biodiesel production..................................................12
2.6.1 Biodiesel production using catalyst............................................................12
2.6.2 Biodiesel production without catalyst........................................................14
2.6.2.1Supercritical fluid transesterification........................................................15
2.6.2.1Subcritical water transesterification..........................................................18
CHAPTER 3. MATERIALS AND METHODS................................................................20
3.1 Materials and Chemicals.............................................................................20
3.2 Methodology of experiment.......................................................................20
3.2.1 Sample preparation and characterization....................................................20
3.2.2 Subcritical solvent transesterification.........................................................21
3.3 Fatty acid (FA) profile of JC oil.................................................................24
3.4 Dewaxing and degumming of JC oil..........................................................25
3.5 Unsaponifiable of JC oil.............................................................................25
3.6 Gas chromatography analysis.....................................................................24

CHAPTER 4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION.................................................................27
4.1 Characterization of JCO.............................................................................27
4.2 Effects of methanol loading on FAME yield.............................................28
4.3 Effects of acetic acid to methanol ratio on FAME yield............................29
4.4 Effects of pressurizing gas and stirring on FAME yield............................33
4.5 Effects of moisture content and added water on FAME yield....................33
4.6 Comparison with other in-situ technologies...............................................34

CHAPTER 5. CONCLUSION...........................................................................................39

REFERENCES...................................................................................................................41
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