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研究生(外文):Julius Candrawan
論文名稱:Selective Electrochemical Detection of Metal Ions by Porphyrin Derivative/Graphene Derivative Thin Films on ITO Electrode
論文名稱(外文):Selective Electrochemical Detection of Metal Ions by Porphyrin Derivative/Graphene Derivative Thin Films on ITO Electrode
指導教授(外文):Toyoko Imae
口試委員(外文):Toyoko Imae
外文關鍵詞:π-π stackingporphyrin derivativegraphene derivativeelectron transferselective detectionmetal ionselectrochemical behavior
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Nanotechnology has been extensively utilized in many field of applications, such as sensors. This research reported about preparation of porphyrin derivative/graphene derivative composite and their sensor application. Porphyrin derivative used in this research was tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP), whereas graphene derivatives used were graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO). It began with a synthesis of composite (GO-TCPP) by non-covalent strategy through aromatic ??{? stacking and a synthesis of reduced graphene oxide through chemical reduction method. Optical, electrical, and morphological properties of each solution showed acceptable results, indicating self-assembly monolayer and electron transfer process in the presence of electron acceptor and donor.
The preparation of thin films on ITO electrode was carried out via self-assembled monolayer method. APTES was used as a functional group to perform chemical bonding between ITO electrode and porphyrin derivative/graphene derivative. Preparation of each thin film by using APTES as a self-assembled monolayer functional group used 24 hours as an immersion time. Cyclic voltammetry results indicated that GO-TCPP/APTES/ITO electrode has higher conductivity than TCPP/RGO/APTES/ITO electrode. The selective detection of metal ions (Cu2+, Zn2+, and Fe2+) were investigated through spectrophotometry and electrochemical determination method. According to the result of spectrophotometry and electrochemical determination, TCPP have selective detection to Cu2+ ions because TCPP have pyrrole ring and carboxyl groups which play an important role to bind Cu2+ ions. GO composite (GO-TCPP) give the greatest electrochemical behavior to Cu2+ ion since the characteristic of GO as a conductive material could accelerate electron transfer process which related to enhancement of sensitivity performance to Cu2+ ions.
Abstract i
摘 要 ii
Acknowledgements iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Figures vi
List of Tables x
Chapter 1 General Introduction 1
1.1. Nanotechnology 1
1.2. Transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) electrode 2
1.3. Self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of thin film coated ITO electrode. 3
1.4. Porphyrins 4
1.5. Graphene oxide (GO) and reduced GO (RGO) 5
1.6. Research purposes 6
Chapter 2 Chemicals and Instruments 7
2.1. Chemicals 7
2.2. Apparatus 7
Chapter 3 Properties of Thin films on ITO electrode 9
3.1. Introduction 9
3.2. Experimental section 11
3.2.1. Preparation of solutions 11
3.2.2. Preparation of GO composite (GO-TCPP) via ??{? stacking 11
3.2.3. Preparation of reduced GO (RGO) via hydrazine reduction 11
3.2.4. Preparation of thin film on indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode 12
3.3. Results and discussion 16
3.3.1. Binding of TCPP on Graphene Derivative 16
3.3.2. Electrochemical properties of thin film on ITO electrode 25
3.3.3. Optical properties of thin film on ITO electrode 28
3.3.4. Surface properties of thin film on ITO electrode 32
3.4. Conclusion 48
Chapter 4 Detection of Metal Ions (Cu2+, Fe2+, Zn2+) 50
4.1. Introduction 50
4.2. Experimental Section 51
4.3. Results and discussion 53
4.3.1. Spectrophotometric determination of metal ions 53
4.3.2. Electrochemical determination of metal ions 57
4.3.3. Chemical interaction of TCPP to Cu2+ 61
4.3.4. Effect of graphene derivatives for enhancement of sensitivity to Cu2+ 65
4.4. Conclusion 71
General Conclusion 72
Reference 73
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