跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.83.132) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/22 21:56
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:施柏任
研究生(外文):Shi Boren
論文名稱:絕緣油脫色純化之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Bleach and Purification of insulating oil
指導教授:邱明申
指導教授(外文):Chiou Ming-Shen
口試委員:邱明申李星迓王淑璟
口試委員(外文):Chiou Ming-ShenLi Hsing-YaWang Shu-Jing
口試日期:2015-07-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立聯合大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:絕緣油脫色吸附
外文關鍵詞:insulating oilbleachadsorption
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:268
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:9
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究以活性白土在批式反應器中進行絕緣油脫色純化之實驗,就時間、溫度、活性白土使用量等探討對吸附行為之影響,並以非線性一次式、非線性二次式進行動力學模擬,除此之外,亦探討轉速、活性白土乾燥與否對吸附造成影響。
在一次吸附實驗結果顯示脫色率在60分鐘後緩慢增加,不同實驗的條件下,在90~480分鐘達成平衡,而50℃時,達成平衡的時間最長。溫度效應方面,在前20分鐘脫色率會隨操作溫度增加而增加,平衡脫色率隨操作溫度增加而遞減,脫色率會隨溫度上升而被抑制。廢油中水份含量從1674 ppm降到844 ppm;酸價從原本0.5495 mg KOH/g降到0.3418 mg KOH/g。
在二次吸附實驗結果也顯示脫色率在30分鐘後緩慢增加,不同實驗的條件下,在90~180分鐘達成平衡,50℃時,達成平衡的時間最久。溫度效應方面,在前20分鐘脫色率以60℃最佳,平衡脫色率隨操作溫度增加而遞減且幅度較一次吸附明顯。油中水份從893 ppm降到282.25 ppm,酸價從原本0.3366 mg KOH/g降到0.132 mg KOH/g。
一、二次吸附動力學數據皆較符合非線性二次式。
關鍵字:絕緣油、脫色、吸附

A batch reactor was applied to the study of bleach and purification of insulating oil by acid clay. The kinetics of the adsorption with respect to the time, temperature, amount of acid clay, stirred speed, dry/undried acid clay were investigated. The nonlinear first-order and second-order models was used to describe the kinetic data.
The results of first adsorption show that bleaching ratio slowly increased after 60 minutes. In different operational conditions, it reached equilibrium in the range of 90~480 minutes. The time which reached equilibrium was the longest at 50℃. In the effect of temperature, bleaching ratio increased with temperature increased in the initial 20 minutes, and bleaching ratio of equilibrium decreased with temperature increased. The moisture of waste oil dropped to 844 ppm from 1674 ppm. The acid value dropped to 0.3418 mg KOH/g from 0.5495 mg KOH/g.
The results of second adsorption show that bleaching ratio slowly increased after 30 minutes. In different operational conditions, it reached equilibrium in the range of 90~480 minutes. The time which reached equilibrium was the longest at 50℃. In the effect of temperature, the bleaching ratio of equilibrium decreased with temperature increased, and the decreasing range at second adsorption was higher than that at first adsorption. Besides, bleaching ratio the best at 60℃in the initial 20 minutes. The moisture dropped to 282.25 ppm from 893 ppm. The acid value dropped to 0.132 mg KOH/g from 0.3366 mg KOH/g.
The nonlinear second order kinetic model fits well for first adsorption and second adsorption.
Keywords:insulating oil, bleach, adsorption

摘要,I
Abstract,II
目錄,III
圖目錄,VI
表目錄,VIII
第一章 前言,1
第二章 文獻回顧,4
2.1黏土,8
2.1.1酸活化,8
2.1.2黏土熱處理,10
2.1.3黏土應用,10
2.1.4蒙脫土,11
2.1.4.1蒙脫土無機改質,12
2.1.4.2蒙脫土有機改質,12
2.2廢白土再利用,13
2.3變壓器劣化及劣化分析,14
2.3.1油浸式變壓器劣化程度檢測方法,15
2.4吸附原理,19
2.5非線性動力學模擬,20
2.5.1非線性一次式,20
2.5.2非線性二次式,20
第三章 實驗方法,23
3.1 實驗藥品及耗材,23
3.2 實驗儀器,24
3.3 實驗方法,26
3.3.1.1 一次吸附實驗,26
3.3.1.2 轉速效應實驗,29
3.3.1.3 活性白土乾燥效應,29
3.3.2 預備實驗,30
3.3.3 二次吸附實驗,30
3.3.4 微量水分測定,32
3.3.5 酸價測定,32
第四章 實驗結果與討論,34
4.1一次吸附探討,34
4.1.1一次吸附時間效應,34
4.1.2一次吸附濃度效應,38
4.1.3一次吸附溫度效應,42
4.2轉速效應,48
4.3活性白土乾燥效應,48
4.4預備實驗,50
4.5二次吸附探討,52
4.5.1二次吸附時間效應,52
4.5.2二次吸附濃度效應,54
4.5.3二次吸附溫度效應,56
4.6非線性動力學模擬,57
4.7水份測定,67
4.8酸價測定,69
第五章 結論與未來展望,71
5.1結論,71
5.2未來展望,74
第六章 參考文獻,75

[1]http://www.taipower.com.tw/content/power_life/power_life02.aspx?WType=2 [Accessed25 June 2015]

[2]http://www2.dorts.gov.tw/news/newsletter/ns247/rp247_05.htm [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[3]http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%85%AD%E6%B0%9F%E5%8C%96%E7%A1%AB [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[4]李仕一, 廢棄食用油脂運用活性碳脫色的試驗研究.今日科苑, Vol. 16, (2009), 32-32

[5]電力變壓器油使用與維護基準, 台電I-002規範

[6]J. L. Gardea Torresdey, L. Tang, J. M. Salvador, Copper adsorption by esterified fractions of Sphagnum peat moss and its different humic substances. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 48, (1996), 191-206

[7] Mohd Adib Yahya, Z. Al-Qodah, C. W. Zanariah Ngah, Agricultural bio-waste materials as potential sustainable precursors used for activated carbon production: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 46, (2015), 218-235

[8]M. S. Chiou, H. Y. Li, Adsorption behavior of reactive dye in aqueous solution on chemical cross-linked chitosan beads. Chemosphere, Vol. 50, (2003), 1095-1105

[9]G. L. Dotto, J. M. Moura, T. R. S. Cadaval et al., Application of chitosan films for the removal of food dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 214, (2013), 8-16
[10]Aik Chong Lua, Ting Yang Guo, Effects of pyrolysis conditions on the properties of activated carbons prepared from pistachio-nut shells. Journal of Analytical and Applied Prolysis, Vol. 72, (2004), 279-287

[11]Olowoyo D. N., Orere E. E., Preparation and characterization of activated carbon made from palm-kernel shell, coconut shell, groundnut shell and obecheoood (investigation of apparent density, total ash content, moisture content, particle size distribution parameters). International Journal of Research in Chemistry and Environment, Vol. 2, (2012), 32-35

[12]Abdul Halim Abdullah, Anuar Kassim, Zulkarnain Zainal et al., Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from gelam wood bark (melaleuca cajuputi). Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol. 7, (2001), 65-68

[13]Ademiluyi, F.T., Braide, O., Effectiveness of Nigerian bamboo activated with different activating agents on the adsorption of BTX. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , Vol.16, (2012), 267 – 273

[14]G. D. Akpen, I. L. Nwaogazie, T. G. Leton, Optimum conditions for the removal of colour from waste water by mango seed shell based activated carbon. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 4, (2011), 890-894

[15]Alau, K. K., Gimba, C. E., Kagbu, J.A et al., Preparation of activated carbon from neem (azadirachta indica) husk by chemical activation with H3PO4, KOH and ZnCl2. Archives of Applied Science Research, Vol. 2, (2010), 451-455

[16]T. Budinovaa, E. Ekincib, F. Yardimb et al., Characterization and application of activated carbon produced by H3PO4 and water vapor activation. Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 87, (2006), 899–905

[17]Benoı̂t Cagnon, Xavier Py, André Guillot et al., The effect of the carbonization/activation procedure on the microporous texture of the subsequent chars and active carbons. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 57,(2003),273–282

[18]Liliana Giraldo, Juan Carlos Moreno-Piraján, Synthesis of activated carbon mesoporous from coffee waste and its application in adsorption zinc and mercury ions from aqueous solution. E-Journal of Chemistry
Vol. 9, (2), (2012), 938-948

[19]J. F. González, S. Román, J. M. Encinar et al., Pyrolysis of various biomass residues and char utilization for the production of activated carbons. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 85, (2009), 134–141


[20]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%9B%9E%E9%8D%8B%E6%B2%B9[Accessed 25 June 2015]

[21]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B8%89%E7%A1%85%E9%85%B8%E9%95%81 [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[22]H. B. W. Patterson, Bleaching and Purification Fats and Oils:Theory and Practice. AOCS Press, 1993

[23]Simone M. Silva, Klicia A. Sampaio, Roberta Ceriani et al., Adsorption of carotenes and phosphorus from palm oil onto acid activated bleaching earth: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 118, (2013), 341–349

[24]武占省, 食用油脂脫色用高效活性白土的研製及其吸附性能研究. 石河子大學農產品加工與貯藏工程碩士論文, 2006

[25]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%BB%8F%E5%9C%9F [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[26]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%AB%98%E5%B6%BA%E7%9F%B3 [Accessed 25 June 2015]




[27] Emna Errais, Joelle Duplay, Fadila Darragi et al., Efficient anionic dye adsorption on natural untreated clay: Kinetic study and thermodynamic parameters. Desalination, Vol. 275, (2011), 74–81

[28]Y. El. Mouzdahir, A. Elmchaouri, A. Gil et al., Equilibrium modeling for the adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solutions on activated clay minerals. Desalination, Vol. 250, (2010), 335–338

[29]駱定法, 郭鑒, 高效活性白土的研製. 蘇州科技學院學報,Vol. 24, (2007),26-29

[30]胡小泓, 倪武松, 周藝, 鄧麗, 陳瑤,李強, 再生白土無汙染生產技術的研究.再生資源與循環經濟, Vol. 1, (2008), 29-31

[31]劉宗穎, 磷酸活化對蒙脫土表面吸附性的改質研究. 國立清華大學材料科學工程學系碩士論文, 2008

[32] M. Pentrák, A. Czímerová, J. Madejová et al., Changes in layer charge of clay minerals upon acid treatment as obtained from their
interactions with methylene blue. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 55, (2012), 100–107

[33] ]Krishna G. Bhattacharyya, Susmita Sen Gupt, Isotherm modeling and batch adsorber design for the adsorption of Cu(II) on a clay
containing montmorillonite. Desalination, Vol. 272, (2011), 66–75

[34] Luís Alberto de Sousa Rodrigues, Ana Figueiras, Francisco Veiga et al., The systems containing clays and clay minerals from modified drug release: A review. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Vol. 103, (2013), 642– 651

[35]Wei Hua Yu, Na Li, Dong Shen Tong et al., Adsorption of proteins and nucleic acids on clay minerals and their interactions: A review. Applied Clay Science,(2013),443–452

[36]Meunier, A., Velde, B., Griffault, L., Reactivity of bentonites: a review. An application to clay barrier stability for nuclear waste
storage. Clay Miner, Vol. 33, (1998), 187–196.

[37]Shichi, T., Takagi, K., Clay minerals as photochemical reaction
Fields. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, Vol. 1, (2000), 113–130

[38]Dias Filho, N. L., Do Carmo, D. R., Study of an organically
modified clay: selective adsorption of heavy metal ions and
voltammetric determination of mercury (II). Talanta, Vol. 68, (2006), 919–927

[39]Gina Matias, Paulina Faria, Isabel Torres, Lime mortars with heat treated clays and ceramic waste: A review. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 73, (2014), 125–136

[40] Darder, M., Colilla, M., Ruiz-Hitzky, E., Chitosan–clay
nanocomposites: application as electrochemical sensors. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 28, (2005), 199–208

[41] Emmanuel I. Unuabonah, Andreas Taubert, Clay–polymer nanocomposites (CPNs): Adsorbents of the future for water treatment. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 99, (2014), 83–92

[42]http://theses.ulaval.ca/archimede/fichiers/24888/ch01.html [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[43]羅次郎, 聚丙烯/蒙脫土奈米複合材料之製備.國立雲林科技大學化學工程系碩士論文, 2006

[44]趙保林, 那平, 劉劍鋒, 改性蒙脫土的研究進展. 化學工業與工程, Vol. 23, (2006), 453-457

[45] R. Long, R. T. Yang, Acid and Base Treated Fe3+ -TiO2-Pillared Clays for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by Ammonia. Catalysis Letters, Vol. 59, (1), (1999), 39-44

[46]林靜宜, (聚乙烯醇、聚乙烯卡坐)/蒙脫土奈米複合材料之合成與性質研究. 中原大學化學研究所碩士論文, 2002

[47]楊晉濤, 范宏, 卜志揚, 李伯耿, 蒙脫土填充補強丁苯橡膠及對橡膠硫化特性的影響. 複合材料學報,Vol. 22, (2005), 38-45

[48]高麗, 煉油廢白土的回收再利用技術研究.中國石油大學化學工程所碩士論文,2011

[49]http://highscope.ch.ntu.edu.tw/wordpress/?p=62920[Accessed 25 June 2015]

[50]廖瑞金, 楊麗君, 鄭含博, 汪可, 馬志欽, 電力變壓器油紙絕緣熱老化研究綜述.電工技術學報,Vol. 27, (2012), 1-12

[51]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BA%A4%E7%BB%B4%E7%B4%A0[Accessed 25 June 2015]

[52] D. J. T. Hill, T. T. Le, M. Darveniza et al., A study of degradation of cellulosic insulation materials in a power transformer, Part 2: tensile strength of cellulose insulation paper. Polymer Degradation
and Stability, (1995), 429-435.

[53]http://www.nttworldwide.com/NTTTechnicalBulletins/NTT%20Technical%20Bulletin-Degree%20of%20Polymerization.pdf [Accessed 25 June 2015]



[54]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2-Acetylfuran [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[55]http://www.medicalisotopes.com/display_product.php?catnum=10874 [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[56]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furfuryl_alcohol [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[57]http://www.mpbio.com/product.php?pid=02158204&country=206 [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[58]http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/fluka/66911?lang=en®ion=TW [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[59]http://www.asip.org.tw/userfiles/file/2012/Hsinchu/10107302.pdf [Accessed 25 June 2015]

[60]李淯阡, 幾丁聚醣/氫氧基磷灰石複合薄膜製備及其對銅離子吸附行為之探討. 2008

[61]趙承琛,介面化學. 復文書局,1998

[62] Ming-Shen Chiou, Guo-Syong Chuang, Competitive adsorption of dye metanil yellow and RB15 in acid solutions on chemically cross-linked chitosan beads. Chemosphere, Vol. 62, (2006), 731-740

[63]http://baike.baidu.com/view/389521.htm [Accessed 25 June 2015]

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top