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研究生:劉又維
研究生(外文):Liu, You, Wei
論文名稱:國軍心理健康量表的信效度研究:以志願役士官兵為樣本
論文名稱(外文):Reliability and Validity of Army Psychological Health Scale:In Volunteer Sergeants and Soldiers
指導教授:邱發忠邱發忠引用關係
口試委員:邱發忠韓德彥李嘉富
口試日期:2014-05-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學政治作戰學院
系所名稱:心理碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:國軍心理健康量表自我傷害結構方程模式ROC曲線
外文關鍵詞:the Army Psychological Health Scaleself-harmstructural equation modelingROC curve
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本研究以志願役士官兵為參與者,俾利檢驗「國軍心理健康量表」 (林辰光,2014) 的信、效度,及對量表使用的管制個案分數切點進行探究。在研究一,以1200位志願役士官、兵為對象,結果發現「國軍心理健康量表」士官兵部分的內部一致性信度介於 .714至 .970間,具良好的內部一致性。建構效度經由驗證性因素分析後發現,在「整體模式適配度」上, GFI值為.83,、SRMR值為. 10、RMSEA值為.078、NFI值為.97、NNFI值為.97、CFI值為.98等,顯見各項適配指標多數符合模型適配度的評鑑標準。此外,以「貝克焦慮量表」、「貝克絕望量表」、「貝克憂鬱量表」,及「貝克自殺意念量表」為效標。結果顯示效標關聯效度與各分量表相關介於 .298至 .635之間,顯示本量表具有良好的效標關聯效度。研究二以93位志願役士官、兵為對象進行切點分數研究,並以重覆檢核表區分管制與非管制個案,利用ROC曲線分析畫出分數切點的篩檢效能,結果發現量表分數在74.5分時,具有較佳的區辨效果。

關鍵詞:國軍心理健康量表、自我傷害、結構方程模式、ROC曲線

This study aimed to collect the data of volunteer sergeants and soldiers to examine the reliability and validity of the “Army Psychological Health Scale” (Lin, 2014) and to explore the control cases’ cut-off score of the scale. In Study 1, the results of the 1,200 volunteer sergeants and soldiers showed that the internal consistency reliability of the “Army psychological health scale” was between .714 and .970. It demonstrated high internal consistency. In terms of the “overall model fit,” the construct validity analized by structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis revealed GFI value of .83, SRMR value of 10, RMSEA value of .078, NFI value of .97, NNFI value of .97, and CFI value of .98. The data showed that most of the fit criteria met the evaluation standard; therefore, this scale with 7 dimensions demonstrated good construct validity. In addition, the “Beck Anxiety Scale,” the “Beck Hopelessness Scale,” the “Beck Depression Scale,” and the "Beck Suicide Ideation Scale” were used as the criterions. The results showed that the association between the criterion-related validity and each subscale ranged from .298 to .635. It indicated that the scale has good criterion-related validity. Study 2 aimed to examine participants’ cut-off scores, to use the repeated checklist to distinguish the control and the non-control cases, and to use ROC curve analysis investigating the effectiveness of the cut-off score. The results of 93 volunteer sergeants and soldiers showed that the scale had the best discriminative effect at the score of 74.5.

Keywords: the Army Psychological Health Scale, self-harm, structural equation modeling, ROC curve

謝誌……………………………………………………………………………………I
摘要……………………………………………………………………………………I
目次………………………………………………………………………………….II
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………III
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………….IV
第一章 研究動機與目的…………………………………………………………….1
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………………………….1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………………….5
第二章 文獻探討…………………………………………………………………….6
第一節 自我傷害的意涵………………………………………………………….6
第二節 自我傷害之危險因素 ……………………………………………………7
第三節 自我傷害相關量表的探討………………………………………………15
第四節 文獻總結…………………………………………………………………24
第三章 信度及效度研究……………………………………………………………25
第一節 研究方法…………………………………………………………………25
第二節 研究結果…………………………………………………………………29
第四章 切點分數研究………………………………………………………………50
第一節 研究方法…………………………………………………………………50
第二節 研究結果…………………………………………………………………53
第五章 結果與討論…………………………………………………………………57
第一節 研究結果摘要……………………………………………………………57
第二節 研究結果意涵……………………………………………………………58
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議………………………………………………60
第四節 結語………………………………………………………………………62
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………….64

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