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研究生:陳彥儒
研究生(外文):Yen-Ju Chen
論文名稱:釣魚姿勢之人因評估
論文名稱(外文):The Ergonomic Evaluation of Fishing Posture
指導教授:鄔存寓
口試委員:葉清江曾賢裕鄔存寓
口試日期:2014-07-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:聖約翰科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:過頭拋竿法上肩拋竿法側投拋竿法肌電圖
外文關鍵詞:Over Head ThrowingOver Shoulder ThrowingSidearm ThrowingEMG
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台灣是一個四面環海的國家,釣魚早已成為一項大眾所之的休閒活動,隨著釣魚活動的興起,目前過內尚未看到釣魚相關的研究,本研究將用人因的實驗提供適當的釣魚姿勢,本研究之目的為探討使用者擲遠時肌肉適合之拋竿姿勢、擲遠時最遠的拋竿姿勢、擲準時肌肉適合之拋竿姿勢、擲準時最準的拋竿姿勢。設計封閉式問卷,將問卷回收後,以SPSS統計軟體分析,從問卷分析出的相關結果使用在設計實驗。實驗將使用過頭拋竿法、上肩拋竿法、側投拋竿法3種拋竿姿勢,雙腳平行、弓箭步2種不同站姿,玻璃纖維、碳纖維2種不同材質的拋投竿,並用EMG肌電圖儀量測肱二頭肌、斜方肌、肱三頭肌所產生的肌電壓值以及投擲的距離進行分析,評估出顯著的結果。本研究擲遠時使用玻璃纖維雙腳平行過頭拋竿法肌肉最省力,可以減少肌肉傷害;擲遠時使用碳纖維弓箭步過頭拋竿法最遠,可以增加釣魚的效率;擲準時使用玻璃纖維弓箭步上肩拋竿法與碳纖維弓箭步上肩拋竿法時肌肉最省力,擲準時使用碳纖維雙腳平行過頭拋竿法與碳纖維弓箭步過頭拋竿法最準確。以上為本研究提供給釣魚活動礙好者參考。
Taiwan is an island country surrounded by sea. Hence, fishing is not only a skill for surviving but also becomes a well-known popular leisure activity. With the development of fishing activities in Taiwan, domestic research about fishing is relatively few. This study will provide a more appropriate fishing posture through an ergological viewpoint. This study aim to find the most suitable posture for throwing the fishing rod in the most labor-saving, far-distance and accurate way. We had designed a closed questionnaire before we started the experiments. After recovering these questionnaires, we used SPSS statistic software to analyze. Then, we designed our experiments based on the result of these questionnaires. This experiment asked subjects use three ways to throw the fishing rod (over-head, over-shoulder and sidearm) with two standing posture (parallel-feet and forward lunge standing) by using two different fishing rod (glass and carbon fiber). Simultaneously, the voltage change of biceps, triceps brachii and trapezius muscle will be measured by EMG electromyography. The distance of throwing was also measured. The result that is statistically significant difference suggested that the most labor-saving way is to throw the fiberglass fishing rod overhead with parallel-feet standing. This way could also reduce the muscle injury. The most far-away-distance throwing could be achieved by throwing the carbon fiber fishing rod over shoulder with forward lunge standing. This could increase the efficiency of throwing. Throwing that are both labor-saving and accurate could happen when people throw the fiberglass or carbon fiber fishing rod over shoulder with forward lunge standing. The most accurate throwing happens when people throw the carbon fiber fishing rod overhead with parallel-feet standing or forward lunge standing. This way could increase the throwing accuracy rate.
目錄
摘要............................................................... .................................................................I
ABSTRACT...................................................................................................................II
誌謝...............................................................................................................................III
目錄.............................................................................................................................. IIV
表目錄......................................................................................................................... VII
圖目錄.......................................................................................................................... IX
第一章 緒論..................................................................................................................1
1.1研究背景與動機..................................................................................................1
1.2研究目的..............................................................................................................1
1.3研究流程與架構..................................................................................................1
第二章 文獻探討..........................................................................................................3
2.1上肢投擲動作的定義及探討..............................................................................3
2.1.1影響投擲的因素...........................................................................................4
2.2肌電圖的定義......................................................................................................4
2.2.1肌電圖原理...................................................................................................5
2.3握持動作相關研究..............................................................................................5
2.4上肢生理構造......................................................................................................6
2.4.1骨骼部份.......................................................................................................6
2.4.2關節部份與肌肉部份...................................................................................8
2.5靜態姿勢的探討................................................................................................10
2.5.1坐姿.............................................................................................................10
2.6長時間固定姿勢造成的肌肉骨骼危害............................................................11
2.7因素分析...........................................................................................................11
第三章 研究方法........................................................................................................14
3.1研究流程與設計................................................................................................14
3.2問卷調查............................................................................................................15
3.2.1問卷設計.....................................................................................................15
3.2.2效度分析.....................................................................................................16
3.2.3信度分析.....................................................................................................16
3.2.4問卷樣本數計測.........................................................................................17
3.3實驗設計............................................................................................................18
3.3.1實驗對象與基本資料.................................................................................19
3.3.2實驗步驟.....................................................................................................19
3.4研究設備............................................................................................................20
第四章 研究結果........................................................................................................23
4.1釣客問卷調查....................................................................................................23
4.1.1受訪者使用釣竿基本使用情況.................................................................23
4.1.2受訪者使用釣竿的肌肉骨骼評估.............................................................31
4.2實驗實際評估結果............................................................................................33
4.2.1擲遠時肌肉與距離平均值評估.................................................................33
4.2.2擲準時肌肉與距離平均值評估.................................................................35
第五章討論..................................................................................................................38
5.1問卷調查法........................................................................................................38
5.1.1使用釣竿情況交叉分析.............................................................................38
5.1.2感受度交叉分析.........................................................................................41
5.2受測者實驗實際評估法....................................................................................43
5.2.1受測者擲遠之肌肉各因子實驗評估與討論..............................................43
5.2.2受測者擲遠之距離各因子實驗評估與討論.............................................47
5.2.3受測者擲準之肌肉各因子實驗評估與討論.............................................50
5.2.4受測者擲準之距離各因子實驗評估與討論.............................................52
5.3 p值總表..............................................................................................................53
5.3.1受測者擲遠各因子之p值.........................................................................53
5.3.2受測者擲準各因子之p值............................................................................56
5.4本研究發現.....................................................................................................59
第六章 結論與建議....................................................................................................60
6.1結論....................................................................................................................60
6.2建議....................................................................................................................61
參考文獻......................................................................................................................62
附錄1...........................................................................................................................65
表目錄
表2.1手部各區肌肉......................................................................................................8
表2.2手部各區關節......................................................................................................9
表3.1觀察值處理摘要表............................................................................................17
表3.2信度統計量........................................................................................................17
表4.1代號解說............................................................................................................33
表4.2擲遠時肌肉與距離平均值評估........................................................................34
表4.3雙因子實驗擲遠平均值....................................................................................35
表4.4擲準時肌肉與距離平均值評估........................................................................36
表4.5雙因子實驗擲準平均值....................................................................................36
表5.1使用釣竿類型與何種拋竿法較遠之交叉分析................................................39
表5.2最常用的拋竿方式與何種拋竿法較遠之交叉分析........................................40
表5.3最常用的拋竿方式與何種拋竿法較準確之交叉分析....................................41
表5.4使用釣竿的類型與感受度之交叉分析............................................................42
表5.5過頭拋竿法在材質與站姿之躬二頭肌(遠) ....................................................43
表5.6玻璃纖維在站姿與拋竿法之斜方肌(遠) ........................................................44
表5.7雙腳平行在材質與拋竿法之斜方肌(遠) ........................................................44
表5.8過頭拋竿法在材質與站姿之肱三頭肌(遠) ....................................................45
表5.9上肩拋竿法在材質與站姿之肱三頭肌(遠) ....................................................45
表5.10側投拋竿法在材質與站姿之肱三頭肌(遠) ..................................................46
表5.11雙腳平行在材質與拋竿法之肱三頭肌(遠) ..................................................46
表5.12弓箭步在材質與拋竿法之肱三頭肌(遠) ......................................................47
表5.13弓箭步在材質與拋竿法之距離.....................................................................48
表5.14雙腳平行在材質與拋竿法之距離.................................................................48
表5.15上肩拋竿法在材質與站姿之距離.................................................................49
表5.16玻璃纖維在站姿與拋竿法之距離.................................................................49
表5.17碳纖維在站姿與拋竿法之距離.....................................................................50
表5.18玻璃纖維在站姿與拋竿法之肱二頭肌(準) ..................................................50
表5.19上肩拋竿法在材質與站姿之肱二頭肌(準) ..................................................51
表5.20碳纖維在站姿與拋竿法之斜方肌(準) ..........................................................51
表5.21雙腳平行在材質與拋竿法之準確..................................................................52
表5.22過頭拋竿法在材質與站姿之準確..................................................................52
表5.23玻璃纖維在站姿與拋竿法之準確..................................................................53
表5.24擲遠躬二頭肌在各因子之p值......................................................................54
表5.25擲遠斜方肌在各因子之p值...........................................................................54
表5.26擲遠肱三頭肌在各因子之p值......................................................................55
表5.27擲遠距離在各因子之p值..............................................................................55
表5.28擲準肱二頭肌在各因子之p值......................................................................56
表5.29擲準斜方肌在各因子之p值.........................................................................57
表5.30擲準肱三頭肌在各因子之p值......................................................................58
表5.31擲準距離在各因子之p值..............................................................................58
表6.1結論解析表...........................................................................................61
圖目錄
圖1.1研究架構圖..........................................................................................................2
圖2.1右肱骨..................................................................................................................7
圖2.2手掌骨頭..............................................................................................................8
圖3.1研究流程圖........................................................................................................14
圖3.2拋竿姿勢示意圖................................................................................................18
圖3.3 EMG肌電圖儀.................... .............................................................................20
圖3.4風速計................................................................................................................21
圖3.5拋投竿................................................................................................................21
圖3.6筆記型電腦........................................................................................................22
圖4.1受訪者性別比例圖............................................................................................23
圖4.2受訪者年齡比例圖............................................................................................24
圖4.3受訪者每次釣魚時間比例圖............................................................................24
圖4.4受訪者釣魚的經驗比例圖................................................................................25
圖4.5受訪者每月釣魚幾次比例圖............................................................................25
圖4.6受訪者慣用手比例圖........................................................................................26
圖4.7受訪者使用釣竿的類型比例圖........................................................................26
圖4.8受訪者釣魚時手持釣竿的姿勢比例圖............................................................27
圖4.9受訪者最常用的拋竿方式比例圖....................................................................27
圖4.10受訪者最常在什麼季節釣魚比例圖..............................................................28
圖4.11受訪者最常在什麼季節釣魚比例圖..............................................................28
圖4.12受訪者選擇釣竿的材質比例圖......................................................................29
圖4.13受訪者可接受的釣竿價格比例圖..................................................................29
圖4.14受訪者何種拋竿法較遠比例圖......................................................................30
圖4.15受訪者何種拋竿法較準確比例圖..................................................................30
圖4.16受訪者在釣魚時最常引起身體哪個部位覺得痠痛比例圖..........................31
圖4.17受訪者症狀出現的時間比例圖......................................................................31
圖4.18受訪者症狀持續多久比例圖..........................................................................32
圖4.19受訪者症狀出現頻率比例圖..........................................................................32
圖4.20受訪者是否尋求治療比例圖..........................................................................33
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