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研究生:龔筠庭
研究生(外文):KUNG,YUN-TING
論文名稱:電子病歷系統與個人健康記錄系統的資訊互通介面設計-以乳房健康檢查為例
論文名稱(外文):Design Electronic Medical Records System (EMR) and Personal Health Records System (PHR) Data Exchange Interfaces- A Case Study of Breast Examination
指導教授:蕭嘉宏蕭嘉宏引用關係張顯洋張顯洋引用關係
指導教授(外文):HSIAO,CHIA-HUNGJHANG,SIAN-YANG
口試委員:黃柏榮潘健一
口試委員(外文):HUANG,BO-RONGPAN,JIAN-YI
口試日期:2014-01-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:慈濟大學
系所名稱:醫學資訊學系碩士班
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學技術及檢驗學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:乳房健檢轉診電子病歷個人健康記錄跨院文件交換個人基本資料查詢臨床文件架構互通性
外文關鍵詞:Breast ExaminationReferralEMRPHRIHE XDSIHE PDQHL7 CDAInteroperability
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國內衛生福利部大規模推動乳癌篩檢,並推行乳房攝影篩檢巡迴車幫民眾服務,民眾除了在乳房篩檢巡迴車檢查外,還會到固定的醫院做更精確的檢查,因此轉介檢查服務的需求即增加,民眾就會需要一個平台來整合這些醫療流程所產生的病歷報告。本研究以台灣某兩家醫院的乳房健檢合作為例,設計資訊互通介面使PHR能夠透過此資訊互通介面調閱分散在不同地方的病歷。為滿足上述需求,本研究依據醫學資訊標準制定標準XML模板設計讓本研究之資訊互通介面能與EMR及PHR結合,並運用IHE(Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise) XDS (Cross-
Enterprise Document Sharing )讓 EMR 與 PHR 有標準的病歷傳輸機制,使資訊互通介面扮演來源端和用戶端角色,將病歷報告轉為HL7 (Health Level Seven) CDA(Clinical Document Architecture)使兩家醫院有醫學資訊標準格式的病歷報告,也方便將轉診單內的重要資訊轉給進階檢查醫院之健檢報告系統,並讓醫生與病人能透過此資訊互通介面檢索到病人的病歷報告,以及結合IHE PDQ(Patient Demographic Query)讓 EMR與 PHR也有個人資訊互通傳輸機制,使PHR的個人基本資料與病史可傳至EMR。透過本研究之資訊互通介面讓醫生及病人在自己使用的系統端可看到分散在不同地方的病歷報告,使醫生可更精確判斷病人的病情,減少重複做相同檢查的機會和重複填寫個人資料,且病人透過自己的健康記錄並結合自身的病歷報告,更有效的長期追蹤健康狀況。
Ministry of Health and Welfare promotes the breast cancer screening and provides the mammography screening touring car service to people. In addition to breast screening, patients will go to hospital to take more precise examination, therefore referral services demand increase. The patients will need a platform to integrate medical report produced by different hospitals for medical processes. In this study, we take two hospitals' breast checkup collaboration for example. The information exchange interface between EMR and PHR is designed to develop a standard XML template based on medical information standards. It helps EMR and PHR data transfer through the interface. The interface transforms the medical records into HL7 CDA and makes the medical records report in medical information standard format. The important information of the referral can transfer conveniently to the checkup report system of the referred hospital. Furthermore, the standard connection of EMR and PHR will play to be document source and consumer by IHE XDS, integrate IHE PDQ for communicating among the general information of patient. Aims to search patient reports between different systems that make the physicians diagnose disease more exactly, patients can track their own records and care themselves health easily.
致謝 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 前言 1
1. EMR 與 PHR 資訊互通需求 1
2. 病歷互通所需標準 1
3. 文獻探討 2
4. 動機與目的 4
第二章 研究方法 5
1. EMR與PHR資訊互通介面設計之功能 5
2. 情境模擬 6
3. 開發工具 7
4. 個人基本資料更新 8
5. 病歷報告標準轉換 22
6. 病歷文件分享 26
第三章 研究成果與評估 39
1. EMR與PHR資訊互通介面 39
1.1 資訊互通病人基本資料之更新功能 39
1.2 資訊互通介面扮演Document Source與Consumer角色-上傳病歷與調閱病歷 43
2. 評估本研究之資訊互通介面之傳輸機制 48
2.1EMR及PHR與資訊互通介面介接設計之標準XML模板測試 48
2.2資訊互通介面的個人基本資料更新之傳輸機制驗證 53
2.3資訊互通介面的病歷報告標準轉換功能之驗證 57
2.4資訊互通介面的病歷文件分享之傳輸機制驗證 59
2.5其他廠商之Consumer互通介面調閱本研究架設之Registry與Repository內容之測試 62
第四章 討論與結論 64
1. 討論 64
2. 結論與未來展望 65
參考文獻 67
附錄A:IHE XDS角色說明 69
附錄B:病人文件分享同意書 70
附錄C:轉診單 71
附錄D:乳房健檢報告 72
附錄E:NIST提供PDQ測試之病人基本資料 73
附錄F:轉診單之HL7 CDA 74
附錄G:乳房健檢報告之HL7 CDA 82

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