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研究生:林灝彥
研究生(外文):Hao-Yan Lin
論文名稱:高運算效率之有限精準度無限脈衝濾波器設計:以智慧型手機實現
論文名稱(外文):Computationally-Efficient Finite-Precision IIR Digital Filter Design:Smart Phone Based Implementations
指導教授:柯賢儒柯賢儒引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsien-Ju Ko
口試委員:柯賢儒張清濠游文雄
口試委員(外文):Hsien-Ju KoChing-Haur ChangWen-Shyong Yu
口試日期:2014-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞洲大學
系所名稱:光電與通訊學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:ECGIIRAndroidJava
外文關鍵詞:ECGIIRAndroidJava
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:200
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  • 下載下載:8
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
心電描記術(Electrocardiography,ECG或者EKG),在現今醫療上占據相當重要的參考依據,但在小型心電圖儀器上實現時,很容易受到雜訊的干擾。本論文中,我們在Android手機上使用Java程式語言實現無限脈衝響應(IIR)濾波器濾除心電圖雜訊,利用IIR濾波器先天所需運算較為精簡的特性下,本論文使用了一種最佳轉換矩陣,可合成出同時兼具極高的運算效率的濾波器參數。最後,手機實際驗證了理論的有效性。
ECG signal has played an important role in modern medicine. However, the measured signal may be disturbed if the ECG recorder is implemented as a small device. In this Thesis, We utilize Java programming language to implement the IIR filters for removing the noise of the polluted ECG signals on smart phones running Android operating systems. Based on the inherent property of less computation consumptions in IIR digital filter implementations, this paper use the optimal transformation to synthesize the digital filter that simultaneously has computationally efficient and high robustness properties. Finally, the practical smart phone implementation shows the effectiveness of the existing methods.
目錄
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機 5
1.3研究目的 5
2.1心電圖 6
2.1.1歷史 6
2.1.2原理 8
2.1.3波形和間期 9
2.2 數位濾波器 11
2.2.1 濾波器原理 11
2.2.2 IIR數位濾波器 11
2.2.3 FIR數位濾波器 12
2.2.4濾波器形式 13
2.3 改良式成本函數推導 14
3.1 ANDROID開發環境建置 16
3.1.1下載並安裝JDK(JAVA DEVELOPMENT KIT) 16
3.1.2下載ECLIPSE 18
3.1.3解壓縮並開啟ECLIPSE目錄之ECLIPSE.EXE 18
3.1.4解壓縮SDK並重新啟動ECLIPSE 21
3.2 ANDROID開發 24
3.2.1 新增專案 24
3.2.2 匯出專案並安裝至手機 31
3.3系統模型 37
3.4特徵值靈敏度及正規化轉換 37
3.5 具高運算效率且高強健性之數位濾波器實現 40
3.5.1 高強健性MULTIPLIERLESS濾波器設計 42
3.5.2 空乏型式NORMAL-FORM轉換 (SPARSE NORMAL-FORM TRANSFORMATION) 44
4.1數值範例 46
4.1.1 NORMAL-FORM 47
4.1.2 POWER OF 2 48
4.1.3 CANONICAL-FORM 49
4.1.4 SPARSE NORMAL-FORM 50
結論 52
參考文獻 53
附錄-程式碼 63

圖目錄
圖1.1.1中華民國2012至2060年各年齡層人口比例推估圖 1
(資料來源:經建會) 1
圖1.1.2 2013 年第三季台灣行動市場數據圖 2
(資料來源:VPON) 2
圖2.1.1埃因托芬的心電儀器[30] 7
圖2.1.2 一秒時長的心電圖紙[30] 8
圖2.1.3 正常的心電圖解[30] 9
圖3.1.1-1JDK下載區 16
圖3.1.1-2 JDK選擇版本頁面 17
圖3.1.1-3 JDK安裝成功 17
圖3.1.2-1ECLIPSE下載頁面 18
圖3.1.3-1SDK解壓縮中ECLIPSE目錄 18
圖3.1.3-2安裝ADT步驟一INSTALL NEW SOFTWARE 19
圖3.1.3-3安裝ADT步驟二ADD REPOSITORY 19
圖3.1.3-4安裝ADT步驟三開發套件選擇 20
圖3.1.3-5安裝ADT步驟四開發套件下載 20
圖3.1.3-6安裝ADT步驟五安全性警告 21
圖3.1.4-1 提示SDK路徑尚未設定完成 21
圖3.1.4-2指定SDK解壓縮後目錄 22
圖3.1.4-3選取SDK MANAGER 23
圖3.1.4-4 SDK套件選擇 23
圖3.1.4-5 SDK授權頁面 24
圖3.2.1-1 新增專案步驟一 25
圖3.2.1-2 新增專案步驟二類型選擇 25
圖3.2.1-3 新增專案步驟三專案資料 26
圖3.2.1-4 新增專案步驟四 26
圖3.2.1-5 新增專案步驟五ICON 27
圖3.2.1-6 新增專案步驟六選擇BLANK ACTIVITY 27
圖3.2.1-7 新增專案步驟七選擇專案各項名稱 28
圖3.2.1-8新增專案步驟八專案初始配置完成 29
圖3.2.1-9使用虛擬機器執行專案 30
圖3.2.1-10最原始ECG程式 30
圖3.2.2-1 匯出專案步驟一 31
圖3.2.2-2 匯出專案步驟二 31
圖3.2.2-3 匯出專案步驟三選擇專案 32
圖3.2.2-4 匯出專案步驟四新增密鑰 32
圖3.2.2-5 匯出專案步驟五KEY CREATION 33
圖3.2.2-6匯出專案步驟六選擇輸出目錄 34
圖3.2.2-7 PLAY商店上的AIRDROID應用程式 35
圖3.2.2-8 AIRDROID應用程式主畫面 35
圖3.2.2-9 GOOGLE CHROME打開手機上的網址 36
圖3.2.2-10手機確認安裝 36
圖4.1-1 CANONICAL-FORM頻率響應圖 46
圖4.1-2 SPARSE NORMAL-FORM頻率響應圖 46
圖4.1.1手機中的NORMAL-FORM數據 47
圖4.1.2手機中的POWER OF 2數據 48
圖4.1.3手機中的CANONICAL-FORM數據 49
圖4.1.4手機中的SPARSE NORMAL-FORM數據 50

表目錄
表2.1.1波形與間期[30] 10
表3.2.1專案架構介紹 29
表4.1.5各項數據在手機上執行時間(單位:秒) 51




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