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研究生:巫敏華
研究生(外文):Min-Hua Wu
論文名稱:運動與蔬果攝取助於提升台灣中老年人生活品質
論文名稱(外文):Physical Activity and Fruit-vegetable Consumption Helps to Improve the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Taiwan
指導教授:藍守仁藍守仁引用關係王炳龍王炳龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shou-Jen LanBing-Long Wang
口試委員:謝嫣娉藍守仁王炳龍
口試委員(外文):Yen-Ping HsiehShou-Jen LanBing-Long Wang
口試日期:2014-06-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞洲大學
系所名稱:健康產業管理學系長期照護組碩士在職專班
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:25
中文關鍵詞:中老年人生活品質運動蔬果攝取
外文關鍵詞:ElderlyQuality of lifePhysical ActivityFruit-vegetable Consumption
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背景:影響老年人生活品質因素有很多,多運動及多攝取蔬果皆對老年人的生活品質有助益,若同時多運動及多攝取蔬果的效果尚未明確。
目的:本研究目的在探討運動與蔬果攝取對提升台灣中老年人生活品質的成效。
方法:本研究資料來源為「台灣地區中老年身心社會生活健康狀況長期追蹤調查」1999年及2007年的資料庫。以1999年53歲以上4440名個案為對象,排除於隨後8年間死亡及未完訪者、資料不全者共1525名。實際有效個案為2915名。生活品質評估為SWLS(Satisfaction with Life Scale)量表,部分摘自LSIA(Life Satisfaction Index A)的態度問向發展而來。使用SPSS/Windows21.0軟體進行統計分析合併蔬果攝取及運動對隨後八年中老年生活品質的影響。迴歸模式控制人口學、社經、衛生行為、健康及疾病狀況等變項。
結果:以運動量及蔬果攝取頻率皆低為對照,運動量及蔬果攝取頻率皆高者,其隨後八年中老年生活品質滿意度增加2.09倍(P=0.002);高運動量者生活品質滿意度增加2.44倍(P=0.019);高蔬果攝取者生活品質滿意度增加2.26倍(P=0.001);中度運動或每週蔬果攝取7-9次者,生活品質滿意度增加1.8倍(P=0.017)。
結論:本研究結果顯示多運動同時多攝取蔬果,可有效提升台灣中老年人生活品質。此結果凸顯平日多運動同時多攝取蔬果的重要性,此健康行為是既安全、有效又符合經濟效益,並可節省國家醫療費用支出。

Backgroud:Many factors can impact the quality of life of the elderly. Higher Physical Activity and higher Fruit-vegetable (FV) Consumption on the quality of life of older people are helpful. However, the combined effect is unknown.
Objective:This study aims to investigate the physical Activity of FV consumption and improve the quality of life of the elderly in Taiwan results.
Method:In this study, the data source as "Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging(TLSA) " in 1999 and 2007 databases. In 1999 over 4440 cases of 53 years as an object, excluding death and unfinished respondents, a total of 1525 data insufficiency in subsequent eight years. Real effective case for the 2915.QoL was assessed using the SWLS(Satisfaction with Life Scale) and was partly adopted from LSIA(Life Satisfaction Index A). Use SPSS/Windows21.0 software was followed by eight years of quality of life in elderly statistical analysis combined FV consumption and physical activity. The Regression models was controlled for baseline demographic, socioeconomic, health behavior, health and disease status variables.
Results:To physical activity and low FV consumption frequency were used as control, physical activity and FV consumption frequencies are high, their quality of life, then eight years old 2.09 times increase in satisfaction (P = 0.002); High physical activity their quality of life increased by 2.44 times (P = 0.019); higher FV consumption were 2.26 times increase in satisfaction (P = 0.001); moderate physical activity or FV consumption 7-9 times weekly were satisfactory quality of life degree increased 1.8 times (P = 0.017).
Conclusions:The results of this study shows that higher physical activity combining with higher FV consumption, which can effectively improve the quality of life of the elderly in Taiwan. This result highlights of the importance which were higher physical activity and higher FV consumption, this health behavior is safe, effective and cost-effective, and can save the country medical expenses.

目錄
前言 1
研究目的 4
研究方法 4
結果 8
討論 10
結論 14
參考文獻 15
附錄 19

表目錄
表一:研究樣本於1999年的社會人口學、生活方式及健康有關變相的分布情形 20
表二:以卡方檢定分析研究樣本於1999年各項變數與2007年中老年生活品質滿意度之相關 22
表三:以邏輯斯迴歸分析個案於基準點的運動及蔬果攝取分別對八年後中老年生活品質之影響 24
表四:以邏輯斯迴歸分析個案於基準點的合併運動及蔬果攝取兩變項對八年後中老年生活品質之影響 25
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