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研究生:蕭良儒
研究生(外文):Liang-Ru Siao
論文名稱:來自新興經濟的知識流動對多國籍企業經營績效影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Knowledge flow from Emerging Economics on Performance of Multinational Corporation
指導教授:曾俊堯曾俊堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Yao Tseng
口試委員:胡美智劉政淮白大昌
口試委員(外文):Mei-Chih HuCheng-Hwai LiouDa-Chang Pai
口試日期:2014-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:知識流動人的流動技術的流動多國籍企業新興經濟金磚四國經營績效
外文關鍵詞:Knowledge flowLabor mobilityTechnology flowMultinational coporationsEmerging economicsBRICPerformance
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全球化競爭與環境改變,使企業須不斷提升內部能力、強化資源進而創新以達持續經營。另外,知識理論在過去已被大量探討,如知識管理、知識外溢、知識移轉。因此,知識變成現今重要的無形資產或資源。多國籍企業也可藉由知識流動,來擬訂更好的決策或制定完善的制度,以幫助公司的經營績效極大化。本研究目的在探討來自新興經濟的知識流動對多國籍企業經營績效之影響,並探討知識流動方式的不同是否會顯示影響經營績效。此外,也探討來自新興經濟的知識流動對多國籍企業經營績效的影響是否因國家別的知識來源與時間別有差異。研究樣本來自金融時報500大多國籍企業中136家製造企業,研究期間分為2004年至2006年及2010年至2012年二階段,專利與財務資料分別來自USPTO專利資料庫、COMPUSTAT資料庫。實證結果顯示,來自新興經濟之人和技術的知識流動對多國籍企業的經營績效均有顯著且正向影響;來自新興經濟之人和技術的知識流動對多國籍企業的經營績效之影響存在著正向的交互效果;來自不同新興經濟之人和技術的知識流動,僅巴西對多國籍企業的經營績效之影響有顯著且正向影響;來自新興經濟之人和技術的知識流動對多國籍企業經營績效之影響,第二期影響效果會顯著大於第一期。
Owing to global competition environment change, multinational corporations continuously enhance internal capability and integrate resources for sustainable management. The emerging economies attract foreign investment from multinational corporations. Knowledge has become an invaluable and invisible resources in the competition environment. Knowledge theory has been widely discussed in many concepts, such as knowledge management, knowledge spillover, knowledge transfer and knowledge flow. Labor mobility and technology flow are main important ways of knowledge flow. The relationship between knowledge flow from emerging economics with performances of multinational corporations is worth investigating. The aim of this study is to explore the impact of knowledge flow from emerging economics on performance of multinational corporation. Besides, this study demonstrates whether different ways of knowledge flows impact same performance. This study also investigates whether knowledge flow from emerging economics affect multinational corporation’s performance with different countries and time.

The research samples are the 136 multinational corporations for manufacturing industry in top 500 companies, based on Financial Times 500. The research period is divided into two stages, including 2004-2006 and 2010-2012. Patent and financial data come from USPTO and COMPUSTAT database. In emerging economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China. The empirical results showed that labor mobility and technology flow from emerging economics obviously and positively affect the performance of multinational corporations. The existence of interactive effect of knowledge flows in labor mobility and technology from emerging economics significantly affect the performance of multinational corporations. Knowledge flows from Brazil positively affect the performance of multinational corporations. Knowledge flows from emerging economics obviously affect the performance of stage II more than that of stage I.
論文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iv
表目次 vi
圖目次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究對象與範圍 4
第四節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 多國籍企業與新興經濟之關係 6
第二節 知識流動相關理論與文獻探討 11
第三節 多國籍企業的知識流動 21
第三章 研究設計 27
第一節 研究架構與假說 27
第二節 研究模式與變數定義 33
第三節 研究方法 40
第四節 樣本選擇與資料來源 40
第四章 實證分析結果 41
第一節 人的知識流動之敘述統計分析 41
第二節 技術的知識流動之敘述統計分析 48
第三節 其他變數之敘述統計分析 55
第四節 統計分析結果 55
第五章 結論與建議 71
第一節 研究結論 71
第二節 研究貢獻與實務意涵 73
第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向建議 75
參考文獻 77
附錄一
附錄一 500大多國籍企業中136家製造企業 89

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