跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.221.73.157) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/20 09:43
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:Sisca
研究生(外文):Sisca Olivia
論文名稱:Geographical Analysis as Determination of Flood Risk Area
論文名稱(外文):Geographical Analysis as Determination of Flood Risk Area
指導教授:黃志弘黃志弘引用關係
口試委員:吳可久
口試日期:2014-07-11
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:設計學院創意與永續建築研究外國學生專班
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:FloodRiskPreventionRisk AreaAutoCADrunoff
外文關鍵詞:FloodRiskPreventionRisk AreaAutoCADrunoff
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:243
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:19
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
Flood map-making that produced by BNPB was delineated by four disaster management components: hazard, vulnerability, capacity, and risk. Flood map making is one of non-structural strategy in prevention/mitigation phase to reduce flood risk. In this study, we took flood prone area as our case study. We analyzed and compared the correlation between flood map and flood data history. However, flood factor has important role in flood process, both natural and human factors. We analyzed a case study based on the geographical condition: terrain and surface runoff.
We believed that the often flood hazard area is the riskier area. Risk in disaster management is related to hazard, vulnerability, and capacity of area. It also related to amount of damage and loss, which is in economic matter. In this study, flood risk was not calculated in loss number, but determination flood risk area. Risk area in our concern is area that first flooding attack.
The purpose of this study is to determine flood risk area, based on terrain and surface runoff. We analyzed and assessed the correlation of flood map and flood history in the last few years. Then, we used several maps and software as methodological tools. Sketch Up and AutoCAD were used to delineate flood inundation and flood risk area. HEC-HMS is used to calculate runoff volume of each land use.
This study found that flooding first attack would impact to farming land use in north part, paddy field in west part, and east part of Napai. We delineated in four level risk areas. Flood inundation in farming area gives loss in economy and livelihood. However, flooding occurs in residential and public facility area give other ‘risk’ to human living.
Research expecting result is to contribute giving information to government and stakeholder in flood disaster management strategies. By categorized flood risk area in detail, preparedness and mitigation strategies, damage and loss will be decreasing in the next flooding, also community do not have to evacuate every flooding come.


Flood map-making that produced by BNPB was delineated by four disaster management components: hazard, vulnerability, capacity, and risk. Flood map making is one of non-structural strategy in prevention/mitigation phase to reduce flood risk. In this study, we took flood prone area as our case study. We analyzed and compared the correlation between flood map and flood data history. However, flood factor has important role in flood process, both natural and human factors. We analyzed a case study based on the geographical condition: terrain and surface runoff.
We believed that the often flood hazard area is the riskier area. Risk in disaster management is related to hazard, vulnerability, and capacity of area. It also related to amount of damage and loss, which is in economic matter. In this study, flood risk was not calculated in loss number, but determination flood risk area. Risk area in our concern is area that first flooding attack.
The purpose of this study is to determine flood risk area, based on terrain and surface runoff. We analyzed and assessed the correlation of flood map and flood history in the last few years. Then, we used several maps and software as methodological tools. Sketch Up and AutoCAD were used to delineate flood inundation and flood risk area. HEC-HMS is used to calculate runoff volume of each land use.
This study found that flooding first attack would impact to farming land use in north part, paddy field in west part, and east part of Napai. We delineated in four level risk areas. Flood inundation in farming area gives loss in economy and livelihood. However, flooding occurs in residential and public facility area give other ‘risk’ to human living.
Research expecting result is to contribute giving information to government and stakeholder in flood disaster management strategies. By categorized flood risk area in detail, preparedness and mitigation strategies, damage and loss will be decreasing in the next flooding, also community do not have to evacuate every flooding come.


ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Case Study 6
1.3 Motivation 10
1.4 Research Questions 11
1.5 Objectives 11
1.6 Limitation Research 12
1.7 Research Process 12
Chapter 2 Literature Review 14
2.1 Flood 14
2.1.1 Flood Categories 14
2.1.2 Flood Effect 16
2.1.3 Flood Factors 16
2.1.4 Flood Cycle Process 18
2.2 Disaster Management 21
2.2.1 Disaster Management Components 21
2.2.2 Disaster Management Cycle 25
2.2.3 Flood Risk Mapping 26
Chapter 3 Methodology 29
3.1 Data Collecting Stage 29
3.1.1 Flood History 29
3.1.2 Damage, Loss, Evacuee Data 29
3.1.3 Weather Data 30
3.1.4 Map 30
3.1.5 River Data 32
3.2 Analyzing Stage 33
3.2.1 Software 33
3.2.2 Formula Calculation 35
3.3 Final Stage 36
Chapter 4 Result 37
4.1 Autocad Analyzing 37
4.1.1 Topography and Slope 37
4.1.2 Land Use 40
4.1.3 Flood Modelling in AutoCAD 41
4.2 HEC-HMS Analyzing 44
4.2.1 River Data 44
4.2.2 Soil Classification 44
4.3 Runoff Equation 47
4.4 Flood Risk Area Determination 48
Chapter 5 Discussion 50
5.1 Disaster Management Component 50
5.2 Land Use Effect to Flood Factor 52
5.3 Flood Risk Map 54
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Recommendation 57
6.1 Conclusion 57
6.2 Recommendation 57
6.3 Future Research 58
REFERENCES 59



1.Badan Koordinasi Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, & Pelaksana Harian. (2007). Pengenalan karakteristik bencana dan upaya mitigasinya di Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia: Pelaksana Harian, Badan Koordinasi Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana.
2.Badan Pengelolaan DAS Krueng Aceh. (2009). Statistik Pembangunan Balai Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Krueng Aceh tahun 2008. Banda Aceh, Indonesia: Foresty Government Agency.
3.Barredo, J. I. (2007). Major flood disasters in Europe: 1950–2005. Natural Hazards, 42(1), 125–148. doi:10.1007/s11069-006-9065-2
4.Bingwa, F. (2013, June). A quantitative analysis of the impacts of the land use changes on flood in the manafva river basin. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Masschusetts.
5.BNPB. (2011). Banjir | Geospasial – BNPB. Retrieved from http://geospasial.bnpb.go.id/category/peta-tematik/banjir/
6.BNPB. (2012). Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana Nomor 02 Tahun 2012 Tentang Pedoman Umum Pengkajian Risiko Bencana. BNPB.
7.BNPB. (2014a). Data Banjir. Retrieved from http://geospasial.bnpb.go.id/pantauanbencana/data/databanjirall.php
8.BNPB. (2014b). Data dan Informasi Bencana Indonesia - BNPB. Retrieved from http://dibi.bnpb.go.id/DesInventar/simple_results.jsp
9.BPBD Aceh Barat. (2013). Data Banjir Kecamatan Woyla Barat 2008-2013. BPBD Aceh Barat.
10.BPS West Aceh. (2013). Situs Resmi BPS Kabupaten Aceh Barat. Retrieved from http://acehbaratkab.bps.go.id/
11.Brooks, N. (2003). Vulnerability, risk and adaptation: A conceptual framework. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper, 38, 1–16.
12.Cameron Rodman. (2013, July 16). SketchUp Tutorial - Creating topo line work and shells from a Google Earth import. - YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xR9aRNbut6Q
13.Critchley, W., Siegert, K., & Chapman, C. (1991). A Manual for the Design and Construction of Water Harvesting Schemes for Plant Production. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/u3160e/u3160e00.htm#Contents
14.Dadi, R., Riswan, & Rizal, M. K. (2004, November). Album Peta Kabupaten di Dalam dan di Sekitar Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser. Medan, Indonesia: Leuser Development Programme.
15.DesInventar Disaster Information Management System. (2014). DesInventar Disaster Information Management System. Retrieved from http://www.desinventar.net/definitions_2.html
16.engineeringtoolbox. (n.d.). Manning’s Roughness Coefficient. Retrieved from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/mannings-roughness-d_799.html
17.Feldman, A. D. (2000). Hydrologic Modeling System HEC-HMS Technical Reference Manual (Computer Software Technical Reference Manual No. CPD-74B). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
18.FEMA. (2009, March). Floodplain Management Guidebook.
19.FEMA. (2014, April 11). Hazus | FEMA.gov. Retrieved from http://www.fema.gov/hazus
20.Huang, P.-T., Patel, M., Santagata, M. C., & Bobet, A. (2009). Classification of organic soils. Retrieved from http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/jtrp/1186/
21.Hydrologic Engineering Center. (2000). HEC-HMS. Retrieved from http://www.hec.usace.army.mil/software/hec-hms/
22.Jatmoko. (2010). Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction Effort on Building Community’s Resilience to Disaster in Aceh Barat District (Final Report). Meulaboh, Indonesia: IBU Foundation.
23.Jimmy Raymond. (2012). Watershed Lag Time Equations Formulas Calculator. AJ Design. Retrieved from http://www.ajdesigner.com/phptimeconcentration/watershed_lag_time_equation.php
24.Kabiri, R., Chan, A., & Bai, R. (2013). Comparison of SCS and Green-Ampt Methods in Surface Runoff-Flooding Simulation for Klang Watershed in Malaysia. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, 03(03), 102–114. doi:10.4236/ojmh.2013.33014
25.Kaisar, M. C. (2014). Skenarion Pengembangan Kota Pulau Berdasarkan Pertimbangan Resiko Bencana Banjir (Studi Kasus: Bencana Banjir di Kota Batam, Prov. Kepulauan Riau). Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota A SAPPK V3N1, 4(3), 2.
26.Kuok, K., Ziet, L., & PoChan, C. (2013). Technical note Flood map development by coupling satellite maps and three-dimensional drafting software: Case study of the Sarawak River Basin. Water SA, 39(1). doi:10.4314/wsa.v39i1.18
27.Leeuwen, E., & Koomen, E. (2012). Adapting Urban Land Use in a Time of Climate Change; Optimising Future Land-Use Patterns to Decrease Flood Risks. In R. Lal & B. Augustin (Eds.), Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems (pp. 21–41). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/index/10.1007/978-94-007-2366-5_2
28.Pandharinath, N., & Rajan, C. K. (2009). Earth and atmospheric disasters management natural and man-made. Hyderabad [India]: BS Publications. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/id/10415473
29.Pokja Sanitasi Aceh Barat. (2010). Buku Putih Sanitasi Kabupaten Aceh Barat 2010. Meulaboh, Indonesia: Pokja Sanitasi Aceh Barat.
30.Purdue University. (2011a). Hydrologic Soil Groups. Retrieved from https://engineering.purdue.edu/mapserve/LTHIA7/documentation/hsg.html
31.Purdue University. (2011b). SCS Curve Number Method. Retrieved from https://engineering.purdue.edu/mapserve/LTHIA7/documentation/scs.htm
32.Royal Institute of British Architects. (2009). Designing for Flood Risk. Retrieved from http://www.architecture.com/FindOutAbout/Sustainabilityandclimatechange/ClimateChange/Toolkits.aspx#.UzK8QPmSySp
33.Schneid, T. D., & Collins, L. (2001). Disaster management and preparedness. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishers.
34.Trimble. (2013). Toggle Terrain | SketchUp Knowledge Base. Retrieved from http://help.sketchup.com/en/article/95073
35.UNISDR. (n.d.). What is Disaster Risk Reduction? - UNISDR. Retrieved from http://www.unisdr.org/who-we-are/what-is-drr
36.University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. (2010). Runoff Processes: International Edition. Retrieved from http://stream2.cma.gov.cn/pub/comet/HydrologyFlooding/RunoffProcessesInternationalEdition/comet/hydro/basic_int/runoff/print.htm#page_4.1.0
37.Van Dijk, A., & Bruijnzeel, L. A. (2001). Modelling rainfall interception by vegetation of variable density using an adapted analytical model. Part 2. Model validation for a tropical upland mixed cropping system. Journal of Hydrology, 247(3), 239–262.
38.Vanneuville, W., Kellens, W., Maeyer, P. D., Reniers, G., & Witlox, F. (2011). “Flood Risk Management” vs. “Flood Disaster Management” | Earthzine. Http://www.earthzine.org/. Retrieved from http://www.earthzine.org/2011/03/21/is-flood-risk-management-identical-to-flood-disaster-management/
39.Vasilescu, L., Khan, A., & Khan, H. (2008). Disaster management cycle–a theoretical approach. Management & Marketing-Craiova, (1), 43–50.
40.Verburg, P. H., Koomen, E., Hilferink, M., Pérez-Soba, M., & Lesschen, J. P. (2012). An assessment of the impact of climate adaptation measures to reduce flood risk on ecosystem services. Landscape Ecology, 27(4), 473–486. doi:10.1007/s10980-012-9715-6



QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top