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研究生:王俊瑋
研究生(外文):Jyun-Wei Wang
論文名稱:大一新生對於聽力策略使用和聽力測驗焦慮關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):Investigation of the Relationship between Listening Strategy Use and Listening Test Anxiety Experienced by First-year College Students
指導教授:王藹玲王藹玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ai-Ling Wang
口試委員:林怡弟蔡麗娟
口試委員(外文):Yi-Ti LinLi-Jiuan Tsay
口試日期:2014-05-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:英文學系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:聽力策略使用聽力焦慮第二外語
外文關鍵詞:Learning Strategy UseListening anxietyL2
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本研究調查聽力策略使用是否幫助第二語言學習者理解口語表達,並探究學生的聽力表現是否受到聽力焦慮影響。此研究的主要目的是探討第二語言學習中聽力策略使用與聽力焦慮的關係。本研究對象共154名就讀於淡江大學商學院的大一新生,年紀在18、19歲之間。本研究同時運用量性研究和質性研究方法,研究工具包含為時六個禮拜的聽力策略使用課堂教學、前後測聽力測驗、聽力策略使用與聽力焦慮之問卷調查、以及學生訪談。研究結果顯示聽力策略使用對於學習者而言是有效的,而他們的聽力表現會受到聽力焦慮所影響。總結而言,此研究希望能解釋學生對於聽力策略使用的選擇與聽力焦慮之間的關聯。

The study examines whether listening strategy uses help L2 learners comprehend oral speeches and explores students’ performances influenced by listening anxiety. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between listening strategy use and listening anxiety in L2. The subjects were 154 first-year college students aged 18-19 from the Department of Business at Tamkang University. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used in this study. The instruments used in this study included six weeks of listening strategy use instructions, pre and post listening tests, questionnaire including questions of strategy uses and listening anxiety, and student-teacher interview. Results of this study revealed the benefits of learners’ listening strategy uses. Learners’ listening performances would be affected by listening anxiety. To conclude, this study may be of importance in explaining levels of listening anxiety would be correlated with students’ choice of listening strategy uses.

TABLE OF CONTENT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS i
CHINESE ABSTRACT ii
ENGLISH ABSTRACT iii
TABLE OF CONTENT iv
LIST OF TABLES vii

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Purpose of the Study 2
1.2 Background of the Study 2
1.3 Statement of the Problem 4
1.4 Research Question 5

CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Listening Comprehension Processes 7
2.2 L1 Impact on L2 Listening 8
2.3 Anxiety to Language Learning and Listening 11
2.4 Learning Strategy Instruction 13
2.5 Strategy Uses in Listening Comprehension 16
2.5.1 Bottom-up and Top-down 17
2.5.2 Predicting and Matching 18
2.5.3 Inferencing 19

CHAPTER THREE METHOD 21
3.1 Participants 21
3.2 Research Design 22
3.3 Instruments 23
3.3.1 Instruction 23
3.3.2 Listening Tests 24
3.3.3 Questionnaire 25
3.3.4 Interview 26
3.4 Procedure 27
3.5 Data Analysis 28

CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS 30
4.1 Research Findings 30
4.2 Analysis of relationship between Bottom-up strategies and Anxiety 32
4.3 Analysis of Relationship between Top-down strategies and Anxiety 38
4.4 Analysis of Relationship between Predicting Topics strategies and Anxiety. 43
4.5 Analysis of Relationship between Matching Words Strategies and Anxiety 48
4.6 Analysis of Relationship between Inferencing Strategies and Anxiety 52
4.7 Analysis of Relationship between L1’s Impact and Anxiety 55
4.8 Frequency of Strategy Use 60

CHAPTER FIVE DISCUSSIONS 67

CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSIONS 73
6.1 Pedagogical Implications 75
6.2 Limitations of the Study 78
6.3 Suggestions for Future Research 79

REFERENCE 80
APPENDIX A 85
APPEXDIX B 88
APPENDIX C 100
APPENDIX D 101
APPENDIX E 110
LIST OF TABLES
Table 3.1: Instruction on Listening Strategy Use 24
Table 3.2: Summary of the Research Procedure 28
Table 4.1.1: Reliability Statistics on the research questionnaire 31
Table 4.2.1: One-Sample Statistics (Bottom-up) 33
Table 4.2.2: Pair-Sample T-test (Bottom-up) 35
Table 4.3.1: One-Sample Statistics (Top-down) 38
Table 4.3.2: Pair-Sample T-test (Top-down) 41
Table 4.4.1: One-Sample Statistics (Predicting Topics) 44
Table 4.4.2: Pair-Sample T-test (Predicting Topics) 46
Table 4.5.1: One-Sample Statistics (Matching Words) 49
Table 4.5.2: Pair-Sample T-test (Matching Words) 50
Table 4.6.1: One-Sample Statistics (Inferencing) 53
Table 4.6.2: Pair-Sample T-test (Inferencing) 54
Table 4.7.1: One-Sample Statistics (L1’s Impact) 56
Table 4.7.2: Pair-Sample T-test (L1’s Impact) 58
Table 4.8.1: Frequency of Bottom-up 60
Table 4.8.2: Frequency of Top-down 61
Table 4.8.3: Frequency of Predicting Topics 62
Table 4.8.4: Frequency of Matching Words 63
Table 4.8.5: Frequency of Inferencing 64
Table 4.8.6: Frequency of L1’s Impact 65


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