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研究生:張鈞哲
研究生(外文):CHUN-CHE CHANG
論文名稱:以H2O2/UV降解廢水中之有機汙染物
論文名稱(外文):Decomposition of Organic Pollutants in Wastewater by H2O2/UV
指導教授:陳嘉明陳嘉明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jia-Ming Chern
口試委員:陳嘉明
口試委員(外文):Jia-Ming Chern
口試日期:2014-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系(所)
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:苯甲酸擬一階動力學過氧化氫紫外光高級氧化
外文關鍵詞:UVhydrogen peroxideBenzoic acidAdvanced Oxidation Processpseudo first order kinetics
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化學工業蓬勃發展,許多特殊有機化合物被陸續合成製造並生產。隨著聚酯纖維需求成長,其原料對苯二甲酸的製程產生含有機汙染物的大量廢水。本研究以紫外光/過氧化氫法處理對苯二甲酸製程廢水中的兩種有機汙染物。藉由改變反應條件,探討其處理效果,並分析反應動力學參數。
實驗分析結果顯示,對於苯甲酸及對甲基苯甲酸兩種化合物,在不同過氧化氫添加量下,皆顯以1~4倍添加量最好,其視反應動力常數kobs分別達到252min-1、517 min-1,並且比起對甲基苯甲酸,在同樣添加倍數下,苯甲酸更容易受到添加量不同的影響。結果顯示越高的有機物起始濃度其kobs越高,在300ppm時反應都趨近零階反應。在不同反應溫度實驗中,兩種化合物有不同的反應表現。35℃時苯甲酸有較差的降解速率,而對甲基苯甲酸則有最佳降解速率。在不同pH值的實驗中發現,無論是苯甲酸或對甲基苯甲酸,在pH值7時有最佳的降解效果。由系列實驗下可知在相同反應條件下,對甲基苯甲酸的降解效果皆比苯甲酸來的好。並且起始濃度在50ppm時,所有處理結果皆顯示2小時的降解移除率都可以達到八成以上。由全部系列條件的實驗下來得知所有實驗都可以以擬一階動力學得到很好的擬合,因此可以用擬一階動力學模式預測反應的情形。
Many organic compounds have been synthesized, manufactured and produced as the chemical industry booming. With the growing demand for polyester fiber, the raw material, terephthalic acid manufacturing process produced large quantity of wastewater containing organic pollutants. In this study, UV/hydrogen peroxide was applied to treat the two main organic pollutants, benzoic acid and p-toluic acid in the terephthalic acid manufacturing process wastewater. The effects of treatment and the parameters of reaction kinetics were analyzed and discussed under varying reaction conditions.
The experimental results showed that initial hydrogen peroxide to the acid molar ratio ranging 1 to 4 gives the best treatment effect with the apparent kinetic constants (kobs) 252min-1 and 517 min-1 for benzoic acid and p-toluic acid, respectively. Furthermore, benzoic acid was more easily affected by the hydrogen peroxide dosage compared to p-toluic acid. The results also showed that the apparent kinetic constants decreased with increasing initial concentration of the organic acids. With lower initial acid concentrations, the reactions followed pseudo first order kinetics, but the reactions approached zeroth order when the initial concentration was as high as 300ppm. In the experiments, the reactions of the two compounds behaved differently at different reaction temperatures. For example, the degradation rates of benzoic acid was poor at 35 ℃, but was the highest for p-toluic acid at the same temperature. It was found that the solution pH of 7 was the optimal pH for benzoic acid or p-toluic acid degradation. From the series of experiments under the same reaction conditions, p-toluic acid was found to be easier to decompose than benzoic acid. All results showed that all the degradation rates after two hours were greater than 80% when the initial concentration was 50 ppm. All the experimental results showed that the experimental data were correlated well with a pseudo first-order kinetic model. Therefore, it was concluded that the pseudo first-order reaction kinetic model could be applied to predict the degradation conversions for given operating conditions.
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究目的 8
第二章 文獻回顧 10
2.1 傳統廢水處理 10
2.2 高級氧化法 13
2.2.1 光催化氧化法(Photocatalytic Oxidation) 15
2.2.2 超聲波氧化法(Ultrasonic Oxidation) 15
2.2.3 Fenton氧化法(Fenton reaction) 16
2.2.4 紫外光/過氧化氫法(UV radiation/Hydrogen peroxide) 16
2.2.5 光分解反應 18
2.2.6 紫外光/過氧化氫程序反應及影響因素 20
2.2.7 反應動力學 26
第三章 實驗 31
3.1 實驗設備 31
3.2 實驗藥品 33
3.3 實驗架構 34
3.4 實驗步驟 34
3.4.1 初步測試 34
3.4.2 實驗設置 35
第四章 結果與討論 37
4.1 初步測試結果 37
4.2 苯甲酸降解實驗 39
4.2.1 過氧化氫添加量之影響 39
4.2.2 苯甲酸起始濃度之影響 44
4.2.3 反應系統溫度之影響 49
4.2.4 反應系統pH值之影響 54
4.3 對甲基苯甲酸降解實驗 58
4.3.1 過氧化氫添加量之影響 58
4.3.2 目標物起始濃度之影響 62
4.3.3 反應系統溫度之影響 68
4.3.4 反應系統pH值之影響 72
第五章 結論 78
第六章 參考文獻 79
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