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研究生:龔宣銘
研究生(外文):Hsuan-Ming Kung
論文名稱:金與鈀觸媒披覆於摻雜型金屬氧化物修飾多壁奈米碳管之合成與特性研究
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis and Characterization of Gold and Palladium Catalysts Supported on Doped Metal Oxide Modified Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
指導教授:林鴻明林鴻明引用關係
指導教授(外文):HONG-MING LIN
口試委員:林鴻明
口試委員(外文):HONG-MING LIN
口試日期:2014-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:材料工程學系(所)
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:158
中文關鍵詞:二氧化鈰燃料電池觸媒碳管
外文關鍵詞:catalystRuIrCeO2PdAuFuel CellMWCNTs
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對於直接甲酸燃料電池而言,陽極催化劑鈀觸媒近年來引起廣泛的研究興趣。本研究利用含浸法、多元醇法及同步輻射X光合成法合成具固溶相雙金屬的金-鈀觸媒,並承載於參雜釕或銥的氧化鈰修飾過的奈米碳管載體。研究中以XRD、SEM、TEM、TGA及ICP檢測產物的組成、結構與表面形貌。
本實驗以固溶雙金屬與金屬氧化物修飾載體的觸媒,藉此期望能加強催化效能、提高導電度及避免觸媒毒化問題。實驗結果顯示:完全固溶相雙金屬的金-鈀觸媒能避免鈀金屬在電催化反應中溶出(同步輻射X光合成法);而參雜後的氧化物並無明顯提升其導電度;添加氧化物對於觸媒毒化問題並無明顯改善。
For the direct formic acid fuel cell, Pd anode catalyst has attracted considerable attention recently. In this thesis, forming solid solution phase of Au and Pd with Ir or Ru doped CeO¬2 modified MWCNTs substrate by impregnation, polyol and synchrotron X-ray irradiation methods are studied. The composition, structure and morphology are analyzed by XRD、SEM、TEM、TGA and ICP respectively.
In this study, the catalyst of bimetal solid solution decorated on doped metal oxide modified supports in order to enhance the catalytic ability, conductivity, and prevent from the catalyst poisoning. The study firstly confirmed that completely bimetal solid solution (by X-ray irradiation method) could prevent the leaching of Pd metal in formic acid. Secondly, the doped metal oxide modified supports with catalyst did not significantly improve the conductivity. Last, addition of (doped) metal oxide did not have significant improvement in the issue of catalyst poisoning.
ABSTRACT I
摘要 II
致謝 III
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VI
LIST OF FIGURES VII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 4
2.1 Introduction of Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells 4
2.2 Introduction of Golde Catalyst 7
2.3 Introduction of Palladium Catalyst 9
2.4 Introduction of Doping Metal of Iridium 11
2.5 Introduction of Doping Meatal of Ruthenium 14
2.6 Introduction of Ceria 16
2.7 Introduction of Carbon Nanotubes ..20
2.8 Synthesis Technology ..27
2.8.1 Impregnation Method 27
2.8.2 Polyol process 27
2.8.3 Synchrotron X-ray Irradiation Method 32
CHAPTER 3 EXPERIMENTATAION 35
3.1 Materilas 35
3.2 Sample Preparation 36
3.2.1 Acid Treatment of MWCNTs 36
3.2.2 Preparation of Metal Oxide/MWCNTs 37
3.2.3 Preparation of Pd or AuPd/(Metal Oxide)/MWCNTs 38
3.2.3.1 Polyol method 38
3.2.3.2 Synchrotron X-ray Irradiation Method 40
3.3 Specimen Analysis 41
3.3.1 Raman Scattering Spectroscopy 41
3.3.2 X-Ray Diffraction analysis 42
3.3.3 Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope 43
3.3.4 Transmission Electron Microscopy 44
3.3.5 Thermo Gravimetric Analyzer 44
3.4 Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer 45
3.5 Cyclic Voltammetry Measurement 46
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 47
4.1 Raman Spectroscopy 47
4.2 Structure Analysis 49
4.3 FESEM 62
4.4 HRTEM 86
4.5 TGA Analysis 91
4.6 ICP-OES Analysis 92
4.7 Cyclic Voltammetry 93
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS 136
CHAPTER 6 FUTURE STUDY 140
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