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研究生:張簡妙琳
研究生(外文):ZhangJian,Miao-Lin
論文名稱:水患治理的知識與政治:旗山溪治水爭議之研究
論文名稱(外文):Knowledge and the Politics of Flood Control: The Controversy over the Flood Control of the Chi-Shan River
指導教授:范玫芳范玫芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-Fang Fan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明大學
系所名稱:科技與社會研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:科學知識治水在地知識公民參與公民科學
外文關鍵詞:scientific knowledgeflooding controllocal knowledgecitizen participationcitizen science
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:342
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:53
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
當前在極端氣候與環境變遷的挑戰下,水患治理成為具高度爭議與複雜性的重要課題。本文旨在探討旗山溪治水爭議中,政府與相關組織之間的權力運作以及科學知識生產的動態互動過程。本研究採取文件分析法並針對相關政策行動者進行深度訪談,檢視政府單位、水利專家、地方團體與居民各自的知識宣稱。剷除高莖作物的知識論戰彰顯了權力與資源的不對等,以及既有法規標準的僵化,不僅使得農民被排除在水患治理的共同參與,更突顯治水政策的盲點。即使在水閘門的爭議中,因為政治權力的行使以及社會利益分配的因素,造成公民參與水患治理過程中的阻力;卵石護岸的工程施作上則充分顯示默會知識傳遞的困難,但地方公民團體仍以在地經驗與知識,挑戰官方的治水論述、工程慣性以及科學知識與政策的相互建構,透過學習學科領域專業知識與諮詢水利專家,積極參與水患的治理。個案除了突顯治水場域中不同知識的相互競逐,更展現了以在地知識脈絡為基礎,並結合治水知識,以發展適當的治水良方。
In the context of the challenges of extreme climate and environmental changes, flooding governance has become highly controversial and complex. This article addresses the exercise of power between the government and related organizations, as well as the dynamics of the scientific knowledge production process in the Chi-shan River flood control dispute. The research methods are consist of documentary analysis and in-depth interviews, which examines knowledge claims of stakeholders, including the government, hydraulic expert, local groups and residents. The dispute concerning the eradication of high-stem crops highlights the problematic asymmetries of power and resources, rigid regulations and standards, lacking participation of farmers, and a blind spot of the food control policy. Although in the sluice gates controversy, the distribution of social benefits as well as the exercise of political authority are the worst impediment to public participation; transferring tacit knowledge in rockery revetment is difficult, local citizen groups have still challenged the official discourse and experts’ knowledge claims based on local knowledge. Civic groups used their experience and local knowledge to challenge the government’s flood control discourses, technological momentum and the co-production of the scientific knowledge and policy making .Civic groups learned disciplinary expertise, consulted flood control experts, and actively participated in the governance of the flooding. The case highlights different types of knowledge competing with each other in flood control arena, and civic groups’ usage of context-based local knowledge combined with flood control expertise to develop an appropriate flood control approach.  
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究緣起 1
第二節、研究問題 4
第三節、研究方法及章節安排 6
(一)研究方法 6
(二)章節安排 8
第二章、文獻回顧 10
第一節、科技、社會與水的研究 10
第二節、政治與知識的交引纏繞 13
第三節、科技社會研究與公民科學 18
小結、 22
第三章、研究個案 24
第一節、個案背景 24
第二節、爭議介紹 30
第四章、水患治理的知識論戰 37
第一節、高莖作物知識戰 37
(一)八八風災之前-法規的僵化 37
(二)八八風災之後 40
小結、 44
第二節、卵石護岸工程爭議 45
(一) 專家知識與在地知識-護岸工程攻防戰 45
(二)工程慣性下在地知識的挑戰 53
小結、 59
第五章、公民參與的困境與突破 61
第一節、獨斷的專家政治與科學權威 61
(一)水閘門爭議 61
(二)科學標準的操作化-洪患頻率的制定 65
小結、 72
第三節、公民參與科學的貢獻 73
小結、 77
第六章、結論 78
第一節、研究發現 78
第二節、研究限制 80
第三節、未來研究展望 81
參考資料 83
附錄一、訪談對象簡介 87
附錄二、訪談大綱 89

參考資料
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