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研究生:林友祺
研究生(外文):Yu-Chi Lin
論文名稱:不相容物於酚製程中之熱危害評估
論文名稱(外文):Evaluation of thermal hazard of phenol process in the presence of incompatibles
指導教授:徐啟銘徐啟銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-Min Shu
口試委員:侯宏誼王義文
口試委員(外文):Hung-Yi HouYih-Wen Wang
口試日期:2013-01-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:異丙苯過氧化氫熱顯影儀昇溫恆溫絕熱
外文關鍵詞:PhenolCumene hydroperoxide (CHP)Thermal imaging camera (TIC)Non-isothermalIsothermalAdiabatic
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:233
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  • 下載下載:2
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  近年來,石化產業發生數起重大火災爆炸事件,除了造成人員傷亡、環境衝擊,更造成鉅額財產設備損失,同時也喚醒企業對於石化業工安之重視及人民瞭解石化業工安之重要性,災害的發生對於企業而言不僅是停工後產值受到影響,重要的是傷害長久以來所建立之社會形象。
  有機過氧化物常用於化工製程中,作為架橋劑、硬化劑或起始劑等用途。有機過氧化物含有過氧基鍵 (–O–O–),其活潑的反應性於製造、儲存與使用過程中容易因蓄熱、酸鹼與金屬離子等危害因子導致失控反應。
  因此本研究將藉由熱分析技術探討酚 (Phenol) 製程中所使用之反應物進行潛在熱危害特性,如異丙苯過氧化氫 (Cumene Hydroperoxide, CHP) 混合酸鹼及金屬離子,以期得到更完備之製程與儲運安全資訊。
  本研究將由微差掃描熱卡計 (Differental scanning calorimetry, DSC),多頻道微量熱卡計 (Thermal activity monitor III, TAM III) 及緊急排放處理儀 (Vent sizing package 2, VSP2) 相互結合,探討放熱起始溫度、最大放熱溫度、分解反應熱、到達最大反應速率所需時間等,此外再運用紅外線熱顯影儀顯影即時記錄 CHP 與硫酸進行反應時之溫度變化,以昇溫 (Non-isothermal)、恆溫 (Isothermal) 及絕熱 (Adiabatic) 模式,配合即時記錄之數據,有效建立酚製程之安全評估。

  In recent years, there have been a number of fires or explosions in chemical industries. In addition to casualties of people, huge damage to equipment and the environmental impact, the issues educate people in the importance of industrial process safety. The degree of influence is included with the capacity rate by shutdown and the impaired image of company.
  Organic peroxides (OPs) are widely used on chemical process such as an crosslinking agents, initiator or curing agent. OPs contain peroxy group (–O–O–) structure, which was very active when heat accumulation, contact with acids/bases and metal ions incur runaway reactions during preparation, storage, and use.
  Therefore, the aim was to assess reactant thermal hazard characteristics on phenol process by advanced thermal analysis technology, expectation obtain the safety information on process and transportation, such as cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) mixed with acids/bases and metal ions.
  This approach was to investigate apparent exothermic onset temperature (T0), maximum temperature (Tmax), heat of decomposition (ΔHd), and time to maximum rate (TMR) on non-isothermal, isothermal, and adiabatic model via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal activity monitor III (TAM III), vent sizing package 2 (VSP2), and the first real-time observation of the reaction of CHP with sulfuric acid using a thermal imaging camera (TIC), which establish effectively process safety assessment on phenol.

目錄
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 4
1.3 研究架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 有機過氧化物介紹 7
2.1.1 有機過氧化物定義 7
2.1.2 有機過氧化物特性 7
2.1.3過氧化物種類 8
2.1.4 有機過氧化物用途 10
2.2 有機過氧化物之規範 10
2.2.1 美國消防協會 (National Fire Protection Association, NFPA) 相關規範 10
2.2.2 聯合國危險貨物運輸建議書 (Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods) 及化學品全球分類及標示調合制度 (Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, GHS) 11
2.2.3 北美危險貨物編號 13
2.2.4 化學品熱動力學及熱能釋放軟體 (Chemical Thermodynamic and Heat Release Program, CHETAH) 15
2.3 異丙苯過氧化氫特性 17
2.4 異丙苯過氧化氫製程概述 19
2.4.1 酸催化製程 20
2.4.2 鹼催化製程 20
2.5 CHP 熱分解反應機制 21
2.6 不相容性反應 23
2.6.1 不相容性反應之成因 23
2.6.2 不相容性類型 23
2.7 有機過氧化物熱失控反應危害 24
2.8 熱分析技術 26
第三章 實驗設備與方法 28
3.1 研究流程 28
3.2 實驗藥品 28
3.3 實驗設備與原理 29
3.3.1 熱重分析儀 (Thermogravimetry, TG) 29
3.3.2 微差掃描熱卡計 (Differential scanning calorimetry, DSC) 30
3.3.3 多頻道微量熱卡計 (Thermal Activity Monitor III, TAM III) 34
3.3.4 緊急排放處理儀 (Vent Sizing Package 2, VSP2) 37
3.3.5 紅外線熱顯影掃描儀 (Thermal imaging camera TIC) 39
3.4 實驗方法 40
3.4.1 熱重分析儀 40
3.4.2 微差掃描熱卡計實驗方法 40
3.4.3 多頻道微量熱卡計 41
3.4.4 緊急排放處理儀 41
3.4.5 紅外線熱顯影掃描儀 42
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 本質安全評估 43
4.1.1 國內外相關規範整理 43
4.1.2 Chemical reactivity worksheet 43
4.1.3 氧平衡指數 44
4.2 本質物化特性 45
4.2.1 pH值 45
4.2.2 TG 熱重分析實驗 45
4.3 本質熱危害分析 46
4.3.1 DSC 昇溫熱分解掃描 46
4.3.2 TAM III 恆溫熱危害反應行為 52
4.3.3 VSP2 絕熱失控反應評估 61
4.3.4 紅外線熱顯影掃描 68
第五章 結論與建議 70
5.1 結論 70
5.2 建議 71
參考文獻 72


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