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研究生:李沛瑜
研究生(外文):Pei-Yu Lee
論文名稱:不同重要污染源對空氣品質影響之模擬研究
論文名稱(外文):A modeling study on the impact of air quality affected from various types of important sources
指導教授:張艮輝張艮輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ken-Hui Chang
口試委員:鄭福田張能復鄭曼婷陳杜甫
口試委員(外文):Fu-Tien JengLen-Fu ChangMan-Ting ChengTu-Fu Chen
口試日期:2014-07-03
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:302
中文關鍵詞:空氣品質模式細懸浮微粒事件日不同污染源
外文關鍵詞:Air quality model (CMAQ)PM2.5episodevarious emission types
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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  • 下載下載:16
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
許多研究中指出台灣空氣品質受細懸浮微粒(Fine Particulate Matters,簡稱PM2.5)影響相當嚴重甚至危害人體健康,為此重要空氣污染問題台灣環保署於2012年5月14日公告修正空氣品質標準,針對PM2.5制定年平均標準為15 μg/m3;日平均標準為35 μg/m3,為了達成制定之標準應評估影響空氣品質之主要來源,進而制訂管制策略。
大氣中影響空氣品質之來源相當廣泛,若以大範圍的劃分來區分空氣中的污染來源則可分為點、線、面之污染,點源影響則以工廠、電廠為主,線源影響則以移動源為主,面源影響則以住宅及營建工程揚塵為主,本研究利用空氣品質模式(CMAQ)模擬2010年基準排放案例及點、線、面源之影響並將點源細部劃分出S工業區對台灣空氣品質之影響。
基準案例模擬結果中PM2.5年平均濃度為28.03 μg/m3,在不同重要污染源對台灣空氣品質之影響年平均(四個月平均)PM2.5影響濃度最高為面源(10.8 μg/m3,45.4%),其次為點源(5.82 μg/m3,24.7%),最低為線源(5.19 μg/m3,21.4%)。S工業區對台灣PM2.5年平均影響濃度為0.19 μg/m3,影響比例為1.18%,影響最嚴重為雲嘉南空品區(0.47 μg/m3,2.24%);對全年每日尖峰臭氧平均濃度影響為0.05 ppb ,影響比例為0.11%,影響最嚴重為中部空品區(0.09 ppb,0.18%)。S工業區排放對台灣PM2.5組成份影響比例最高為硝酸鹽(3.88%),其次為銨鹽(1.93%),最低為硫酸鹽(0.73%)。

Many research suggest that fine particulate matters (PM2.5) often impacts on Taiwan’s air quality and is hazardous to human health. For the significant issue, in May, 2012, the Taiwan EPA stipulated the PM2.5 standards, 15 μg/m3 per year and 35 μg/m3 per day. Realizing how to achieve the PM2.5 standards should assess the PM2.5 influence on air quality from the major sources, and develop the control strategies.
The air pollution sources to impact on air quality are extensive in atmospheric, and could be divided into point, line and area source by the pollution type. Point source include industry and power plant, line source are the mobile source, area source include the deflation dust by the construction engineering. This study used air quality model to simulate the base case in 2010, the influence of point, line, area source, respectively, also conduct the impact on air quality of the S industry, the category of the line source.
Simulation result of base case indicated that the PM2.5 annual concentration is 28.03 μg/m3, and in different essential source, the effects of the highest concentration is area source (10.8 μg/m3, 45.4%) , the second is point source (5.82 μg/m3, 23.6%), and the lowest effect is line source (5.19 μg/m3, 21.4%). S industrial impact on Taiwan PM2.5 concentration is 0.19 μg/m3, the ratio is 1.18%. The worst impact region of air quality is the Yun-Chia-Nan, the influence concentration is 0.47 μg/m3 and the ratio is 2.24%. The average of daily maximum ozone concentrations is 0.05 ppb and the ratio is 0.11%. The most impact region of air quality is the Central region (0.09 ppb, 0.18%). For the composition of PM2.5, the highest ratio contribution from S industry is nitrate (3.88%), second is ammonium (1.93%), and the lowest is sulfate (0.73%).

中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 XIV
第一章 前言 1
1.1研究緣起 1
1.2研究目的 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1大氣中懸浮微粒相關之研究 3
2.1.1大氣中懸浮微粒來源與組成 3
2.1.2點源對懸浮微粒之影響 4
2.1.3線源對懸浮微粒之影響 6
2.1.4面源對懸浮微粒之影響 9
2.2大氣中臭氧相關之研究 10
2.2.1大氣中臭氧生成機制與危害 11
2.2.2臭氧前驅物來源與組成 13
第三章 研究方法 15
3.1研究流程 15
3.2模式模擬說明 15
3.2.1模擬範圍 15
3.2.2模擬時間之選擇 16
3.2.3排放量說明 16
3.2.3.1人為源排放量 16
3.2.3.2生物源排放量 17
3.2.4氣量資料說明 17
3.2.5邊界條件及初始條件 18
3.3不同重要污染源對空氣品質影響之模擬方法 18
3.3.1各案例計算方式 18
3.3.2點線面污染源影響研究分析 18
3.3.3 S工業區影響研究分析 19
3.3.2定性影響研究方法 19
3.3.3定量影響研究方法 20
3.5 S工業區個案分析方法 20
3.5.1 S工業區PM2.5高污染個案挑選 21
3.5.2高污染影響原因分析 21
第四章 結果與討論 27
4.1基準案例模式模擬結果 27
4.1.1地形分析 27
4.1.2氣象分析 27
4.1.4空氣品質模式基準案例模擬結果 45
4.2基準案例模擬驗證 69
4.2.1台灣懸浮微粒相關一般測站模擬驗證 69
4.2.2台灣懸浮微粒相關超級測站模擬驗證 84
4.2.3台灣臭氧相關模擬驗證 104
4.3點線面源之影響分析 121
4.3.1 點源排放對空氣品質之影響分析 121
4.3.2線源排放對空氣品質之影響分析 131
4.3.3面源排放對空氣品質之影響分析 140
4.3.4點線面污染源綜合討論 149
4.4 S工業區對台灣各污染物之影響分析 156
4.4.1 S工業區基準排放案例對懸浮微粒及其前驅物之影響分析 156
4.4.2 S工業區基準排放案例對臭氧之影響分析 224
4.5 S工業區影響之個案分析( 2007年) 266
第五章 結論與建議 276
5.1點線面源之影響分析 276
5.2 S工業區對台灣各污染物之影響分析 276
參考文獻 278

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