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研究生:張友信
研究生(外文):Yu-hsin Chang
論文名稱:由專利優先權法探討專利價值
論文名稱(外文):Evaluate Patent Value by Patent Priority Approach
指導教授:賴奎魁賴奎魁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuei-Kuei Lai
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:網絡分析專利佈局專利組合專利家族專利優先權
外文關鍵詞:network analysispatent portfoliospatent prioritypatent family
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專利戰爭已是全球性的議題,然而如何評估專利的價值仍然模糊,過去學者已對專利的外部觀點引證數做為專利價值的指標提出很多的討論,本研究主要以內部觀點探討專利家族對專利價值的影響,以及建構適當的專利家族分析方法。結果顯示專利家族對於專利侵權訴訟是有效的專利佈局,專利家族的科學文獻連結度與專利家族投資報酬率二項指標與專利訴訟賠償金額有正向關係。分析過程發現專利優先權法有些許瑕疵,本研究提出修正的專利優先權法,以避免家族中關鍵鏈與顯著鏈的誤判。另外,以社會網絡的概念建構專利家族優先權網絡分析法,定義專利家族網絡的性質,並作為將來研究專利家族的分析工具。
Patent war is already a global issue. However, evaluation of a company’s patent portfolios is still ambiguous. Prior studies evaluate patent value with external patent indicators such as citation. This research discusses on value of patent family with internal views. The result shows that patent family is an effectual portfolios. Science linkage and ratio of earn and plan are positively related to infringe award. This study finds out that Patent Priority Approach has several bugs and brings up Modified Patent Priority Approach. This study also constructs Patenfamimatrix to define the characters of patent family priority network as an analysis tool.
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………… i

英文摘要……………………………………………………………………………… ii

誌謝 ……………………………………………………………………………… iii

目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… iv

表目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… vi

圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………………………… vii

一、 緒論 ………………………….….…………………………………… 1

1.1. 研究背景 …………….……………..…………………………………… 1

1.2. 研究動機 ………………………..………………………………………… 5

1.3. 研究目的 ………………………………..………………………………… 8

1.4. 研究範圍與研究限制 …………………..………………………………… 10

二、 文獻探討 ………….………………………..……………………………… 11

2.1 專利價值 …….……………………………..……………………………… 12

2.2 專利價值與侵權訴訟 …………………..……….………………………… 17

2.3 專利佈局 ….……………………………..………………………………… 20

2.4 社會網絡分析與專利優先權 ………………..…….……………………… 24

2.5 專利家族優先權網絡 ….………………………………..………………… 28

三、 研究方法 ….……………………………..………………………………… 30

3.1 收集侵權判決樣本專利 ….………………………………..……………… 32

3.2 檢索專利樣本的家族成員 .….……………………...………..…………… 34

3.3 專利優先權法矩陣並繪製網絡圖 ….…….………….………………..….. 38

3.4 專利指標與分析方法 ….……………………………..…....……………… 40

四、 專利家族的價值 ….……………..……………………....………………… 41

4.1 專利指標與專利侵權損害賠償金額的關係 ….…….….………………… 42

4.2 專利佈局的實際體現 ….……………………………..…..….……………. 45

五、 修正專利優先權法 ….……………..……………………....……………… 47

六、 專利家族優先權網絡劑量方法 ….……………..……………………....… 54

6.1. 專利家族網絡的定義 ….…………….…………………….……………… 55

6.2. 關鍵鏈、核心專利與顯著鏈 .……………..……………………....……… 62

6.3. 個案分析 ..……………..……..………………....…………………….…… 66

七、 結論與建議 ….……………..…………………………....………………… 69

參考文獻 ….……………………………….……………………....…………… 75

附錄A ................................................................................................................... 79

附錄B ................................................................................................................... 82

附錄C ................................................................................................................... 83


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