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研究生:楊易
研究生(外文):Yi Yang
論文名稱:新竹地區大氣中生物氣膠逐時濃度影響因素之探討
論文名稱(外文):The hourly variation of ambient bioaerosol concentrations in Hsinchu city in Taiwan
指導教授:洪雪芬洪雪芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsueh-Fen Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元培科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程衛生研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:大氣生物氣膠真菌細菌逐時濃度
外文關鍵詞:ambient bioaerosolsfungibacteriahourly concentrations
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大氣中的生物氣膠濃度受到眾多環境因素之影響,包括氣象因子、周圍植被、人為活動、空氣污染物等等,有些環境因素瞬息萬變可能導致生物氣膠濃度的即時變化,這種變化若無時間解析度較細的採樣數據將無法呈現。然而台灣地區多數的大氣生物氣膠濃度監測大多為單一或非連續式監測,因而無法捕捉到連續且細微的生物氣膠濃度變化以及其影響因素。
本研究選定新竹市郊區作為採樣地點,利用單階衝擊式採樣器進行生物氣膠之逐時採樣,以每小時採樣一次的方式獲得時間解析度較細微的生物氣膠逐時濃度變化資訊,並同時監測大氣中之氣象因子與收集環保署監測站之空氣污染物逐時監測數據,以探討新竹地區大氣中生物氣膠逐時濃度之影響因素。採樣結果顯示,細菌與真菌之逐時平均濃度在夏季分別為251與1,895 CFU/m3,秋季則分別為333 與1,447 CFU/m3。夏季大氣中細菌於日出時濃度達到最高值,平均1,452 CFU/m3,真菌則於日出與日落後出現高濃度時段,介於4,000~6,500 CFU/m3。秋季大氣中之細菌呈現日間濃度起伏變化大的狀態,於夜間才顯穩定。秋季真菌濃度在5:00~7:00和17:00~19:00兩個時段均有出現高濃度之趨勢。根據統計分析結果顯示,生物氣膠濃度與氣象因子包括溫度、相對濕度、UV-A和風速等呈現顯著中度相關;而與空氣污染物O3有著顯著高度相關性,與NO2呈中度相關。

In ambient air, environmental factors such as the meteorological factors, human activities, surrounding vegetations, air pollutants will cause the constantly changing of bioaerosol concentrations. Many studies associated with ambient bioaerosols in Taiwan were performed by single and temporary sampling of bioaerosols which may not identify the short-term variations. Therefore, this study has the aims of determining the short-term variations of ambient bioaerosol concentrations by hourly sampling. The relationships between ambient bioaerosols and meteorological factors, and hourly concentrations of major air pollutants were also investigated.
This study was carried out on the rooftop of a five-floor building in Hsinchu city to eliminate the influence of local emissions. A one-stage bioaerosol sampler mounted with Tryptic Soy Agar (TSA) and Malt Extract Agar (MEA) plate was applied to collect culturable bacteria and fungi, respectively. The sampling was performed hourly from 5:00 am through 10:00 pm and sampling time 10 and 5 minutes, respectively, for bacteria and fungi. The results obtained in this study showed that the daily average concentrations of ambient bacteria and fungi were 251~333 and 1447~1895 CFU/m3, respectively. In summer, the pattern of hourly variation of ambient bacteria and fungi was similar from day to day. In general, the peak concentrations of bacteria (Mean=1452 CFU/m3) in one day appeared consistently during the hour of sunrise and those of ambient fungi (4000~6500 CFU/m3) appeared during the hour of sunrise and after the sunset. Otherwise, the concentrations of bioaerosol in autumn varied hour to hour in daytime but kept in a comparatively stable level during the night hours. According to the calculation of Spearman correlation coefficient, the concentrations of ambient NO2 and some of the meteorological factors including the ambient temperature, relative humidity, intensity of UV-A, and wind velocity had a medium relationship with the bioaerosol concentrations. In addition, ozone concentrations is a strong factor that affected the hourly concentrations of ambient bacteria and fungi.

誌謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章前言 1
1.1研究緣起 1
1.2研究目的 1
第二章文獻回顧 2
2.1生物氣膠 2
2.1.1生物氣膠之來源 2
2.1.2生物氣膠之危害 3
2.2影響大氣生物氣膠之因素 4
2.2.1季節因素 4
2.2.2晝夜分佈 7
2.2.3氣象因素 7
2.2.4空氣污染物 9
2.2.5人為活動 10
2.2.6植被率 10
第三章材料與方法 17
3.1採樣地點 17
3.2大氣生物氣膠之採樣與分析 18
3.2.1採樣設備與方法 18
3.2.2培養基配製 19
3.2.3微生物之培養與計數 19
3.3氣象因子與大氣污染物資料 20
3.4統計與分析 20
第四章結果討論 23
4.1夏季與秋季大氣中生物氣膠濃度逐時變化 23
4.2生物氣膠濃度與氣象因子及空氣污染物逐時變化之關係 25
4.2.1細菌濃度與氣象因子及空氣污染物逐時變化之關係 25
4.2.2真菌濃度與氣象因子及空氣污染物逐時變化之關係 27
4.3生物氣膠濃度之影響因子 29
4.3.1生物氣膠濃度與氣象因子及空氣污染物濃度之相關性 29
4.3.2大氣生物氣膠濃度之預測模式 31
第五章結論及建議 72
參考文獻 73
英文文獻 73
中文文獻 80
附錄 81

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