跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.169.3) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/04 19:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃唯竣
研究生(外文):Wei-Chun Huang
論文名稱:外部網絡關係與廠商績效之探討—以臺灣生技產業為例
論文名稱(外文):Explore External Networks and Firm Performance – A Case of Taiwan Biotech Industry
指導教授:羅憶如羅憶如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Ju Lo
口試委員:盧煜煬許書銘
口試委員(外文):Louis Y. Y. LuSue-Ming Hsu
口試日期:1030626
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:管理碩士在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:網絡關係組織學習生技產業廠商績效
外文關鍵詞:External NetworksOrganizational LearningBiotech IndustryFirm Performance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:363
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:24
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究目的在於探討廠商所建立的外部網絡關係與其經營績效之關聯性,本研究主張廠商若擁有越多的外部網絡關係,將可以提升其經營績效。本研究以臺灣生技業為實證產業,該產業屬於技術、資本及知識密集的產業,且產業內的合作廠商常透過外部網絡關係的建立來分享與交流資訊,並且相互合作與學習。本研究實證樣本為國內上市櫃生技業者,共37家,調查期間為西元2003年到2012年。本研究採用固定效果迴歸模型分析廠商財務資訊、重要合作契約及已核准之專利數目等資料。實證結果發現,生技業廠商建立的外部研發合作關係、供應鍊關係及合資關係與廠商經營績效呈現正向且顯著的關聯性。
This study aims to explore the relation between firms' external networks and performance. This study contends that a firm will enhance its performance by possessing more external networks. This study uses the Taiwan biotech industry as the empirical industry. The biotech industry is a technology, capital, and knowledge intensive industry where firms frequently share and exchange information through their external networks in order to cooperate and learn from their partners. The sample of this study includes 37 biotech companies listed in the Taiwan Stock Exchange as well as GreTai Securities Market during the period from 2003 to 2012. This study employs the fixed effect regression model to analyze the panel data consisting of corporate finance, contracts, and patents. The analytical results reveal that the biotech firms' external networks on research and development, supply chain, and joint venture have significant positive impact on firm performance.
目 錄

書 名 頁 .............................................................. i
論文口試委員審定書................................................ii
授 權 書..........................................................iii
中文摘要..........................................................vi
英文摘要..........................................................vii
誌 謝.........................................................viii
目 錄..........................................................ix
表 目 錄..........................................................xi
圖 目 錄..........................................................xii
第一章 導論........................................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的..........................................5
第二節 研究流程...............................................10
第二章 文獻探討...................................................11
第一節 網絡關係...............................................11
第二節 組織合作及廠商績效.....................................16
第三節 研究架構..............................................23
第三章 研究方法...................................................24
第一節 生物科技產業概述及現況.................................24
第二節 研究樣本...............................................33
第三節 變數定義...............................................33
第四節 統計分析方法...........................................35
第四章 研究結果...................................................39
第一節 敘述性統計分析.........................................39
第二節 資料分析...............................................43
第五章 討論與建議.................................................46
參考文獻...........................................................49
中文文獻
1. 方世杰,1999,「臺灣中小企業之產業網絡構型與企業國際化關係研究」,《企業管理學報》,第45期,99-126。
2. 方世榮、黃恆獎與江季藝,2005,「產業網絡鑲崁與網絡動態性演化」,《關係管理研究月刊》,第1期,42-82。
3. 王亭斐,2008,「公司治理與財務結構對臺灣銀行業獲利能力之影響」,銘傳大學財務金融所未出版碩士論文。
4. 吳明烈,2007,「組織學習的發展省思與趨勢」,《公部門推動組織學習之回顧與前瞻研討會論文集》,1-20。
5. 吳明烈,2007,「建立終身學習機構夥伴關係的策略聯盟作法研議」,《師大學報》,第52卷第3期,1-18。
6. 吳青松,2002,初版,《國際企業管理-理論與實務》,臺北:智勝文化。
7. 呂玉娟,2002,「旭和纖維興業以科技重塑紡織功能,以創新厚植企業能量」,《能力雜誌》,第560期,124-128。
8. 李選卿、蕭成德與謝振環,2011,初版,《計量經濟學》,臺北:東華書局。
9. 林宛瑩、汪瑞芝與游順合,2012,「研發支出、內部董事與經營績效」,《會計審計論叢》,第2卷第1期,61-90。
10. 林美倫,2007,「研發支出對經營績效及股權評價影響之研究」,《臺南科大學報》第26期,115-134。
11. 林義屏,2001,「市場導向、組織學習、組織創新與組織績效間關係之研究-以科學園區資訊電子產業為例」,國立中山大學企業管理研究所未出版博士論文。
12. 金成隆、林修葳與邱煒恆,2005,「研究發展支出與資本支出的價值攸關性:以企業生命週期論析」,《中山管理評論》,第13卷第3期,617-643。
13. 胥愛琦譯,2013,Jeffrey M. Wooldridge,《計量經濟學》,臺北:華泰文化。
14. 孫盈哲,1996,「產業網路與中小企業之競爭力」,《臺灣經濟研究月刊》,9月份,56-60。
15. 孫盈哲,1997,「我國中小企業產業網路之現況與展望」,《臺灣銀行季刊》,第48卷第4期,65-104。
16. 張可盈、印永翔,2004,「高科技產業策略聯盟之探討-生物技術產業之實證應用」,《經濟研究》,第40卷第1期,33 - 60。
17. 張弘欣、陸大榮與萬鍾汶,2012,「關係管理對研發委外作業績效之影響-以臺灣生技產業委託研究為例」,《生物產業科技管理叢刊》,第3卷第2期,45-76。
18. 曾紀幸,2001,「我國產業外移之個案研究」,《臺灣經濟研究月刊》,第12卷第10期,28-32。
19. 陳勝源,1990,「論合資」,臺北市銀月刊,第21卷第8期,44-51。
20. 黃啟瑞,2004,「策略聯盟與廠商績效之研究-以我國生技公司為例」,國立臺灣大學國際企業學研究所未出版博士論文。
21. 廖皇傑、邊泰明,2012,「電腦展成功因素與參展網絡關係之研究」,第14卷第3期,4-25。
22. 劉仁傑,1999,分工網路—剖析臺灣工具機械業競爭力的奧秘,《臺灣經濟論叢》,臺北:聯經出版事業公司。
23. 歐進士,1998,「我國企業研究發展與經營績效關聯之實證研究」,《中山管理評論》,第6卷第2期,357-386。
24. 賴士葆,2005,《科技管理概論》,臺北:華泰文化
25. 薛兆亨,2012,《財務報表分析:實務的運用》,臺北,雙葉書廊有限公司。
26. 羅敏菁,2013,《生技投資聖經》,臺北:旗標出版股份有限公司


英文文獻
1. Adler, P. S. & Kwon, S., 2002, “Social capital: Prospects for a new concept.” Academy of Management Review, 27(1):17-40.
2. Agrawal, P., & Haleem, A., 2013, “The impact of the outsourcing of IT on firm performance: An empirical study.” International Journal of Management, 30(3):121-139.
3. Badaracco, J. L., 1991, “The knowledge link: How firms compete through strategic alliances.” Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
4. Bedrow, I., & Lane, H. W., 2003, “International joint ventures: Creating value through successful knowledge management.” Journal of World Business ,38(1):15-30。
5. Bartholomew, S., 1997, “National system of biotechnology innovation: complex interdependence in the Global System.” Journal of International Business Studies, 28(1):241-266.
6. Beamish, P. W., 1985, “The characteristics of joint ventures in developed and developing countries.” Columbia Journal of World Business, 20(3):13-19.
7. Beamish, P. W., & Kachra, A., 2004, “Number of partner and JV performance” Journal of World Business, 39(2):107-120。
8. Bharadwaj, A. S., S. G. Bharadwaj, & B. R. Konsynski., 1999, “Information technology effects pm firm performance as measured by Tobin’s q,” Management Science, 45(7):1008-1024.
9. Borys, B. & Jemison, D. B., 1989, “Hybrid arrangements as strategic alliances: theoretical issues in organizational combinations.” Academy of Management, 14(2):234-249.
10. Brynjolfsson, E., & Hitt, L., 1996, “Paradox lost? Firm-level evidence on the returns to information systems spending.” Management Science, 42(4):541-558.
11. Cagliano, R., Chiesa, V. & Manzini, R., 2000, “Differences and similarities in managing technological collaborations in research, development and manufacturing: a case study.” Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 17(2):193-224.
12. Casciaro, T., Piskorski, M. J., 2005. “Power imbalance, mutual dependence, and constraint absorption: A closer look at resource dependence theory.” Administrative science quarterly, 50(2): 167-199.
13. Chan, S. H., Martin, J. D., & Kensinger, J. W., 1990, “Corporate research and development expenditures and share value.” Journal of Financial Economics, 26(2): 255-276.
14. Chung, S., Singh, H. & K. Lee, 2000, “Complementarity, Status Similarity and Social Capital as Drivers of Alliance Formation.” Strategic Management Journal, 21(1):1-22.
15. Claro, D. P., Hagelaar, G., & Omta, O., 2003, “The determinants of relational governance and performance: how to manage business Relationships?” Industrial Marketing Management, 32(8):703-716.
16. Coviello, N., & Munro, H., 1997, “Network relationships and the internationalisation process of small software firms.” International Business Review, 6(4):361-386.
17. Cyert, R. M., & March, J. G., 1963, “A Behavior Theory of the Firm.” 2nd Ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
18. Das, T. K., & Teng, B. S., 1998, “Between trust and control: Developing confidence in partner cooperation in alliance.” Academy of Management Review, 23(3):491-512.
19. Deeds, D. L., & Hill, C. W., 1996, “Strategic alliances and the rate of new product development: An empirical study of entrepreneurial biotechnology firms.” Journal of Business Venturing, 11(1):41-55.
20. Dekkers, R., & Kühnle, H., 2012, “Appraising interdisciplinary contributions to theory for collaborative (manufacturing) networks.” Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 23(8):1090-1128.
21. Devaraj, S., & R. Kohli., 2003, “Performance impacts of information technology: Is actual usage the missing link?” Management Science, 49(3): 273-89.
22. Edvinsson, L., & M. S. Malone., 1997, “Intellectual Capital – Realizing Your Company’s True Value by finding its Hidden Roots.” New York: Harper Business.
23. Eisenhardt, K., & Schoonhoven, C. B., 1996, “Strategic alliance formation in entrepreneurial firms: Strategic needs and social opportunities for cooperation.” Organization Science, 7(2):136-150.
24. Gemunden, H. G., & Heydebreck, P., 1995, “The influence of business strategies on technological network activities.” Research Policy, 24(6):831-849.
25. Granovetter, M., 1985, “Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness.” American Journal of Sociology, 91(3):481-510.
26. Gruner, K. E., & Homburg, C., 2000, “Does customer interaction enhance new product success?” Journal Business Research, 49(1):1-14.
27. Gulati, R., 1998, “Alliances and networks” Strategic Management Journal, 19(4):293-317.
28. Gulati, R., Nohria, N., & Zeheer, A., 2000, “Strategic network”, Strategic Management Journal, 2(3):203-215.
29. Hagedoorn, J., 1993, “Understanding the rationale of strategic technology partnering: Interorganizational modes of cooperation and sectoral differences.” Strategic Management Journal, 14(5):371-385.
30. Hamel, G., 1991, “Competition for competence and interpartner learning within international strategic alliances.” Strategic Management Journal, 12(1):83-103.
31. Haughton, D., & Haughton, J., 2011, “Living standards analytics.” Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences, 175-187.
32. Hausman, J. A., 1978, “Specification Tests in econometrics.” Econometrica, 46(6):1251-1271.
33. Hennart, J. F., 1991, “The transaction costs theory of joint ventures: An empirical study of Janpanse subsidiaries in the United States.” Management Science, 37(4):483-497.
34. Hertz, S., 2001, “Dynamics of alliances in highly integrated supply chain networks.” International Journal of Logistics: Research & Applications, 4(2):237-256.
35. Huber, G. P., 1991, ‘‘Organizational learning: The contributing process and the literature.’’ Organization Science, 2(1):88-115.
36. Jarillo, J. C., 1988, “On strategic networks.” Strategic Management Journal, 9(1):31-41.
37. Johanson, J., & Mattson, L.G., 1987, “Inter-organizational relations in industrial system: A network approach compared with the transaction-cost approach.” International Studies of Management and Organization, 17(1):34-48.
38. Johanson, U., Martensson, M., & Skoog, M., 2001, “Measuring to understand intangible performance drivers,” European Accounting Review, 10(3):407-437.
39. Kale, P., Singh, H. & Perlmutter, H., 2000, “Learning and Protection of Properitary Assets inStrategic Alliances: Building Relational Capital.” Strategic Management Journal, 21(3):217-237.
40. Kambara, H., 2013, “Production outsourcing and firm performance: An empirical analysis of Japanese manufacturers.” Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, 5(1): 1-13.
41. Kim, S. W., 2009, “An investigation on the direct and indirect effect of supply chain integration on firm performance.” International Journal of Production Economics, 119(2):328-346.
42. Kleinecht, A., & Reijnen, J. O. N., 1992, “Why do firms cooperate on R&D? An empirical study.” Research Policy, 21(4):347-360.
43. Kogut, B., 1988, “Joint Ventures: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives.” Strategic Management Journal, 9(4):319-333.
44. Kogut, B., 1989, “The stability of joint ventures.” Journal of Industrial Economics, 38(2):1-16.
45. Kolb, D. A., 1961, “Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development.” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
46. Kotabe, M., Mol, M. J., Murray, J. Y., & Parente, R., 2012, “Outsourcing and its implications for market success: Negative curvilinearity, firm resources, and competition.” Academy of Marketing Science, 40(2):329-346.
47. Krepon, M., McCoy, D. M., & Rudolph, M. C. J., 1993, “A Handbook of Confidence-building Measures for Regional Security.” Washington, DC: The Henry L. Stimson Center.
48. Labbs, J. J., 1993, “Successful outsourcing depends on critical factors.” Personal Journal, 72(10):51-60.
49. Laumman, E. O., Galaskiewicz, J., & Marsden, P. V., 1978, “Community structure as interorganizational linkages.” Annual Review of Sociology, 4(1):455-484.
50. Lev, B., & Sougiannis, T., 1996, “The capitalization, amortization and value relevance of R&D.” Journal of Accounting and Economics, 21 (2):107-138.
51. Lummus, R. R., Vokurka, R. J., & Krumwiede, D., 2008, “Supply chain integration and organizational success.” SAM Advanced Management Journal, 73(1):56-63.
52. Maloni, M., & Benton, W. C., 2000, “Power influences in the supply chain,” Journal of Business Logistics, 21(1):49-73.
53. Miles, R. E., & Snow, C. C., 1992, “Causes of failure in network organizations.” California Management Review, 34(2):53-72.
54. Mitchell, J. C., 1969, “The Concept and Use of Social Network.” in Mitchell, J. C. (Ed), Social Networks in Urban settings, Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.
55. Mohr, J.,Sengupta, S., & Slater, S., 2006, “Marketing of High -Technology Products and 1nnovations. ” N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.
56. Mowery, D. C., & Teece, D. J., 1993, “Strategic Alliances and Industrial Research.” Unpublished manuscript, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley.
57. Mowery, D. C., Oxley, J. E., & Silverman, B. S., 1996, “Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer.” Strategic Management Journal, 17(S2):77-91.
58. Mundlak, A., 1978, “On the pooling of time series and cross-section data.” Econometrica, 46(1):69-85.
59. Oliver, C., 1990, “Determinants of international relationships: Integration and future directions.” Academy of Management Review, 15(2):241-265.
60. Ouchi, W. G., 1980, “Markets, bureaucracies and clans.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 25(2):129-141.
61. Pattison, P., 1993, Algebraic Models for Social Networks. Cambridge University Press.
62. Peteraf, M. A., & Barney, J. B., 2003, “Unraveling the resource-based tangle."Managerial and Decision Economics, 24(4):309-323。
63. Pfeffer, J., & Nowak, P., 1976, “Joint ventures and interorganizational interdependence.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 21(3):398-418。
64. Powell, W. W., 1990, “Neither market nor hierarchy: Network forms of organization.” Research in Organizational Behavior, 12(3):295-336.
65. Powell, W. W., Kenneth K., & Laurel, S. D., 1996, “Inter-organizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of learning in biotechnology.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 41(1):116-145.
66. Prell, C., Hubacek, K., & Reed, M., 2009, “Stakeholder analysis and social network analysis in natural resource management.” Social & Natural Resources, 22(6):501-518.
67. Quinn, J. B., 1999, “Strategic Outsourcing: Leveraging Knowledge Capabilities.” Sloan Management Review, 40(4):9-21.
68. Rai, A., Patnayakuni, R., & Seth, N., 2006, “Firm performance impacts of digitally enabled supply chain integration capabilities.” MIS Quarterly, 30(2):225-246
69. Ranjay, G., & Gargiulo, M., 1999, “Where do interorganizational networks come from?” The American Journal of Sociology , 104 (5):1439-1493.
70. Sezen, B., 2008, “Relative effects of design, integration and information sharing on supply chain performance.” Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 13(2):233-240.
71. Shan, W., Walker, G. & Kogut, B., 1994, “Interfirm cooperation and starup innovation in the biotechnology industry”, Strategic Management Journal, 15(5):387-394.
72. Slater, S.F., & Naver, J.C., 1995, “Marketing orientation and the learning organization.” Journal of Marketing, 59(3):63-74.
73. Stank, T. P., Keller, S. B., & Closs, D. J., 2002, “Performance benefits of supply chain logistical integration.” Transportation Journal, 41( 2/3):32-46
74. Storck, J., & Hill, P. A., 2000, “Knowledge diffusion through strategic communities. ” Sloan Management Review, 41(2):63-74.
75. Sougiannis, T., 1994, “The accounting based valuation of corporate R&D.” The Accounting Review, 69(1):44-68.
76. Sullivan, P. J., 2000, “Value-Driven Intellectual Capital: How to Conver Intangible Corporate Assets into Market Value.” New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
77. Swink, M., Narasimhan, R., & Wang, C., 2007, “Managing beyond the factory walls: effects of four types of strategic integration on manufacturing plant performance.” Journal of Operations Management, 25(1):148-164.
78. Sydanmaanlakka, P., 2001, “An Intelligent Organization.” Capstone Publishing Limited, Oxford.
79. Tuija, M., 2007, “Types and functions of social relationships in the organizing of an international joint venture.” Industrial Marketing Management, 36(1):87-98.
80. Tracey, M., Vonderembse, M. A., & Lim, J. S., 1999, “Manufacturing technology and strategy formulation: Keys to enhancing competitiveness and improving performance.” Journal of Operations Management, 17(4):411-428.
81. Walker, G., Kogut, B., & Shan, W., 1997, “Social capital, structural holes and the information of an industry network.” Organization Science, 8(2):109-125.
82. Wasserman, S. & Faust, K., 1994, “Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications.” Cambridge University, Cambridge.
83. Williamson, O. E., 1991, “Comparative economic organization: The analysis of discrete structural alternatives.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 36(2):269-296.
84. Wu, Z., Choi, T. Y., & Rungtusanatham, M. J., 2010, “Supplier–Supplier Relationships in Buyer–Supplier–Supplier Triads: Implications for Supplier Performance.” Journal of Operations Management, 28(2):115-123.
85. Zahra, S. A., & George, G., 2002, “Absorptive capacity: A review and reconceptualization.” Academy of Management Review, 27(2):185-203.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top