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研究生:吳常安
研究生(外文):Chang-An Wu
論文名稱:以最小平方法建模之鋰離子電池卡爾曼濾波器電量估測
論文名稱(外文):State of charge estimation of lithium-ion battery by kalman filter with least-square-fit modeling
指導教授:李仲溪韓國璋
指導教授(外文):Jung-Hsi LeeKuo-Chang Han
口試委員:黃英哲郭姿君
口試委員(外文):Ying-Jeh HuangTzu-Chun Kuo
口試日期:2013-12-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:元智大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:169
中文關鍵詞:鋰離子電池電池模型最小平方法卡爾曼濾波器
外文關鍵詞:lithium-ion batterybattery modelingleast-square-fitKalman filter
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本論文主要在建立鋰離子電池的電池模型,利用雙電阻電容並聯模型估測電池電量。對電池進行不同電流大小的充、放電及截止休息的實驗,藉由使用最小平方法模擬出電池端電壓曲線及模型中參數。因此,我們將使用下列兩種方法來進行卡曼濾波電量估測:(1)簡化ECM建模方式。(2)完整ECM建模方式。比較從各式不同充放電情境得到的模擬結果與電池測試數據,藉由量測到的電池端電壓與電流,估測出電池的剩餘電量。經實驗證實,在脈波電流及動態電流之充放電模擬結果顯示,完整的ECM,可得到較佳的電量估測結果。
This thesis is based on battery modeling which the equivalent circuit of two parallel RC connections estimated the state-of-charge (SOC).With repeating times of discharging and charging experiments on battery by intermittently, In order to analyze the terminal voltage curve which be found an appropriate simulation model and parameters by using least-square-fit algorithm. There are two different approaches to research: (1) Simplified equivalent circuit modeling. (2) Integrity equivalent circuit modeling. The above two modeling techniques are based upon the Kalman filter recursive operation in order to simulate lithium-ion battery charging and discharging experiments in which taking advantage of the ability of filter to optimize automatic data processing feedback and to recursively eliminate measurement errors and processing noise. By comparing massive model simulation and experimental results it is shown satisfactory results and fair performance which in turns validate our proposed state of charge estimation method.
中文摘要..................................... i
英文摘要.................................... ii
誌謝...................................... iii
目錄....................................... iv
圖目錄..................................... vi
表目錄................................... xvii
第一章 緒論.................................. 1
1.1 研究背景 ................................ 1
1.2 研究動機與目的............................ 2
1.3 論文架構 ................................ 4
第二章 鋰離子電池、電量估測與等效電路模型介紹........5
2.1 鋰離子電池化學反應及規格介紹 ................ 5
2.2 電池 SOC 估測技術 ........................ 8
2.3 電池等效電路模型.......................... 10
第三章 電池模型................................13
3.1 實驗規劃 ................................ 13
3.2 電池 SOC 估測技術 .........................14
3.3 開路電壓估測法 ........................... 16
3.4 模型建立 ................................ 18
3.5 模型參數 ................................ 33
第四章卡爾曼濾波器介紹及方程式之運用...............41
4.1 卡爾曼濾波器介紹 ......................... 41
4.2 擴展型卡爾曼濾波器介紹 .................... 42
4.3 方程式之應用 ............................ 42
第五章模擬與實際結果比對........................48
5.1 實驗資料擷取 ............................ 48
5.2 建模方式及系統方程式說明 .................. 50
5.3 方程式執行流程與實驗結果 .................. 57
5.4 實驗總結 .............................. 151
第六章結論與未來展望......................... 166
6.1 論文結論 .............................. 166
6.2 未來展望 .............................. 166
參考文獻....................................168
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