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研究生:吳佳芬
研究生(外文):Chia-Fen Wu
論文名稱:鐘芭‧拉希莉作品之新世界公民研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of New Cosmopolitan Subjects in Jhumpa Lahiri’s Works
指導教授:龔紹明龔紹明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shao-Ming Kung
口試委員:蔡美玉何文敬
口試委員(外文):Mei-Yu TsaiWen-Ching Ho
口試日期:2015-02-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:外國語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:鍾芭•拉希莉《病症的翻譯員》《同名之人》《陌生的土地》新世界公民理論新世界公民身份認同全球化
外文關鍵詞:Jhumpa LahiriInterpreter of MaladiesThe NamesakeUnaccustomed Earthnew cosmopolitanismnew cosmopolitan subjectidentityglobalization
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本論文提出鍾芭•拉希莉的作品針對南亞裔移民提出了一個新的觀點。她將這些移民塑造成新世界公民,運用他們流動的旅行經驗和攝影敘事來推翻傳統舊有的主客關係,甚至能在全球化趨勢中跨越所有文化、宗教、種族、地域、階級的差異。
第一章將探索《病症的翻譯員》 的兩則故事。藉由伊莉莎白.傑森和蘇珊.柯西的理論概念來闡述<受到福佑的家>的晶晶與<第三暨最後一個大陸>的敘述者的流動性特質。我主張這兩個角色運用他們的旅行經驗呈現他們全球旅居者般的歸屬感,並且藉由更新後的主客關係來突破原有的種族和宗教身分。第二章將著重在《同名之人》裡的兩位南亞裔女性,愛希瑪和茉淑蜜。我援引吉塔.拉詹與夏雅.夏爾瑪的理論,針對這兩個角色對家的重新定義,討論他們的身份轉變成新世界公民,並且對原有的國族和文化認同去畛域化。第三章將檢視《陌生的土地》裡的第二部<海瑪和卡西克>,兩位主角如何透過對家的不定性和流動性的定義、攝影和旅遊抒寫來彰顯其新世界公民的身份。我的論點是,由於他們在當前全球化世界裡經歷了異國陌生感、自我身分認同危機、自我定位的迷失,兩位主角學會了如何透過全球性流動的特性來調整以及重新定義他們自己的身份。

關鍵字:鍾芭•拉希莉、《病症的翻譯員》、《同名之人》、《陌生的土地》、新世界公民理論、新世界公民、身份認同、全球化

This thesis argues that Jhumpa Lahiri’s works pose a new perspective on South Asian American immigrants by depicting them as new cosmopolitan subjects who could use their mobile traveling experience and photography narrative to reverse the restriction of traditional host-guest relationship, even transcending all differences of culture, religion, ethnicity, region, and class in the age of globalization.
Chapter One will examine two stories in Interpreter of Maladies. I assume Twinkle in “This Blessed House” and the narrator in “The Third and Final Continent” as new cosmopolitan subjects with fluidity through theoretical insights of Elizabeth Jackson and Susan Koshy. I suggest that these two characters show their new sense of belonging as global sojourners by their travel experience and break through the ethnic and religious identity through the renewed host-guest relationship. Chapter Two will then focus on the identity transformation of two South Asian American females, Ashima and Moushumi, into new cosmopolites in The Namesake. Following Gita Rajan and Shailja Sharma, I contend that both characters anchor an alternative notion of home in order to renovate their identity as global citizens and deterritorialize the national and cultural identities. Chapter Three will inspect how “Hema and Kaushik,” the second part of Unaccustomed Earth, depicts the two protagonists as new cosmopolitan subjects through their unconstrained and fluid definition of home, photography and travel narrative. I argue that due to their experiences of the feeling of foreignness, the identity crisis, and the loss of self-orientation in the globalized world, they learn to negotiate and redefine their identity through the fluid nature of globalization.

Keywords: Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies, The Namesake, Unaccustomed Earth, new cosmopolitanism, new cosmopolitan subject, identity, globalization

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter One
New Cosmopolitan Subjects in Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
I. Twinkle’s New Cosmopolitan Identity in “This Blessed House” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
II. The Narrator’s New Cosmopolitan Identity in “The Third and Final Continent” . . . . . . 22
Chapter Two
Ashima and Moushumi as New Cosmopolitan Subjects in The Namesake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
I. Ashima as a New Cosmopolitan Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
II. Moushumi as a New Cosmopolitan Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Chapter Three
Hema and Kaushik as New Cosmopolitan Subjects in Unaccustomed Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
I. Hema as a New Cosmopolitan Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
II. Kaushik’s Transformation to a New Cosmopolite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Work Cited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

Appadurai, Arjun. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: U Minnesota P, 1996. Print.

Banerjee, Bidisha. “Diaspora’s ‘Dark Room’: Photography and the Vision of Loss in Jhumpa Lahiri’s ‘Hema and Kaushik’.” The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 45(2010): 443-56. Print.

Bilbro, Jeffrey. “Lahiri’s Hawthornian Roots: Art and Tradition in ‘Hema and Kaushik’.” Critique 54.4 (2013): 380-94. Print.

Brada-Williams, Noelle. “Reading Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies as a Short Story Cycle.” MELUS 29.3/4 (2004): 451-64. Print.

Bran, Ramona. “Successful Cultrual Translation: An Immigrant’s Most ‘Awesome’ Achievement.” The Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies 5.8 (2013): 97-101. Print.

Caesar, Judith. “American Spaces in the Fiction of Jhumpa Lahiri.” English Studies in Canada 31.1 (2005): 50-68. Print.

Cheah, Pheng. “The Cosmopolitical—Today.” Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation. Ed. Pheng Cheah and Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1998. 20-41. Print.

Chen, Yi-Ju. “Immigration Rhapsodies: Multiple Identities in Jhumpa Lahiri’s Fiction.” Thesis. National Chiao Tung University, 2011. Print.

Dixit, Sudhir. “Names as Symbols of Identity in Jhumpa Lahiri’s Stories.” Jhumpa Lahiri, the Master Storyteller: A Critical Response. Ed. Suman Bala. New Delhi: Khoshla, 2002. 56-68. Print.

Dutt-Ballerstadt, Reshmi. “Gendered (Be)Longing: First- and Second-Generation Migrants in the Works of Jhumpa Lahiri.” Naming Jhumpa Lahiri: Canons and Controversies. Ed. Lavina Dhingra and Floyd Cheung. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2012. 157-79. Print.

Fine, Robert, and Robin Cohen. “Four Cosmopolitanism Moments.” Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice. Ed. Steven Vertovec and Robin Cohen. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 137-62. Print.

Friedman, Natalie. “From Hybrids to Tourists: Children of Immigrants in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake.” Critique 50.1 (2008): 111-24. Print.

Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Massachusetts: Harvard UP, 1993. Print.

Gopinath, Gayatri. “Nostalgia, Desire, Diaspora: South Asian Sexualities in Motion.” Uprooting/Regroundings: Questions of Home and Migration. Ed. Sara Ahmed et all. Oxford: Berg,2003. 137-56. Print.

Hollinger, David A. “Not Universalists, Not Pluralists: The New Cosmopolitans Find Their Own Way.” Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice. Ed. Steven Vertovec and Robin Cohen. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 227-39. Print.

Jackson, Elizabeth. “Transcending the Politics of ‘Where You’re From’: Postcolonial Nationality and Cosmopolitanism in Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies.” Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 43.1 (2012): 109-26. Print.

Koshy, Susan. “Neoliberal Family Matters.” American Literary History 25.2(2013): 344-80. Print.

---. “Minority Cosmopolitansim.” PMLA 126.3 (2011): 592-609. Print.

Kuortti, Joel, and Jopi Nyman. “Introduction: Hybridity Today.” Reconstructing Hybridity: Post-Colonial Studies in Transition. Ed. Joel Kuortti and Jopi Nyman. New York: Rodopi, 2007. 1-18. Print.

Lahiri, Jhumpa. Interpreter of Maladies. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999. Print.

---. The Namesake. London: Harper Perennial, 2006. Print.

---. Unaccustomed Earth. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009. Print.

Mignolo, Walter D. “The Many Faces of Cosmo-polis: Border Thinking and Critical Cosmopolitanism.” Cosmopolitanism. Ed. Carol A. Breckenridge, Sheldon Pollock, Homi K. Bhabha and Dipesh Chakrabarty. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2002. 157-87. Print.

Munos, Delphine. “Diasporic Hereafters in Jhumpa Lahiri’s ‘Once in a Lifetime’.” A Fluid Sense of Self: The Politics of Transnational Identity. Eds. Silvia Schultermandl, Sebnem Toplu. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2011. 139-57. Print.

Rajan, Gita, and Shailja Sharma. “New Cosmopolitanisms: South Asians in the United States at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century.” New Cosmopolitanisms: South Asians in the US. Ed. Gita Rajan and Shailja Sharma. California: Stanford UP, 2006. 1-36. Print.

Ridda, Maria. “Thinking Global? Local Globalisms and Global Localisms in the Writing of Jhumpa Lahiri.” Postcolonial Text 6.2 (2011): 1-14. Print.

Roy, Sumita. “The Bengali Woman’s Alienation in a Hyphenated Culture.” Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the National Association of African American Studies, February 8-13, 2010: Beauty Is in the Details: A Global View of Persons of Color. Ed. Lemel Berry, Jr. Scarborough: NAAAS and Affiliates Conference Monographs, 2010. 1388-400. Print.

Said, Edward W. Out of Place: A Memoir. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. Print.

Sdb, A.J. Sebastian. “Hema and Kaushik in Emotional Tangle: Probing Jhumpa Lahiri’s ‘Once in a Lifetime,’ ‘Year’s End,’ and ‘Going Ashore.’” Dynamics of Culture and Diaspora in Jhumpa Lahiri. Ed. Nigamananda Das. New Delhi: Adhyayan Publishers, 2010. 115-33. Print.

Sheth, Pravin. Indians in America. Jaipur: Rawat Publications, 2001. Print.

Singh, Manjit Inder. Contemporary Diasporic Literature: Writing History, Culture, Self. New Delhi: Pencraft International, 2007. Print.

Sontag, Susan. On Photography. London: Penguin Books, 1977. Print.

Spencer, Robert. Cosmopolitan Criticism and Postcolonial Literature. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print.

Srikanth, Rajini. “What Lies Beneath: Lahiri’s Brand of Desirable Difference in Unaccustomed Earth.” Naming Jhumpa Lahiri: Canons and Controversies. Ed. Lavina Dhingra and Floyd Cheung. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2012. 51-71. Print.

Tseng, Wan-Ru. “Reading Jhumpa Lahiri in the Light of Planetarity.” Thesis. National Taiwan Normal University, 2009. Print.

Vertovec, Steven, and Robin Cohen, eds. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context and Practice. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.

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