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研究生:孫瑩芯
研究生(外文):Soon Suet Giin
論文名稱(外文):Explaining the Female Labour Force Participation Variations in South Korea and Taiwan: Explicit or Implicit Familialism?
指導教授:呂建德呂建德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Der, Lue
口試委員:葉秀珍戴翠莪呂建德
口試委員(外文):Hsiu-Jen, YehTsui-O, TaiJen-Der, Lue
口試日期:2015-01-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:社會福利學系暨研究所
學門:社會服務學門
學類:社會工作學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
外文關鍵詞:Female labour force participationKoreaTaiwanFamily demandsGender role attitudeFamilialism
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Notwithstanding the female labour supply conditions in South Korea and Taiwan sharing considerable similarity (delay in marriage, low fertility, and high enrolment in tertiary education), patterns of female labour force participation curve have gradually diverged since 1980s. Unlike the Korean counterpart which labour force participation of women is low during their motherhood, participation of Taiwanese married women in labour market appears to be comparatively active. In regards of such divergence, this study focuses primarily on the participation of married women with dependent children by analysing the EASS (East Asian Social Survey) dataset of year 2006. Understanding there are differences in structure and culture of organisations between the societies, family demands on women are found having significant impacts on their participation. As examined, variables such as “married couple who co-reside with elderly parents” and “husband’s earnings” have reached the significant level in Korean society; in Taiwan, “husband’s help in house chores” has reached the level of significance. In association with the attitudinal differences in traditional gender division of labour, it is discovered that the two societies are different in types of familialism.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I INTRODUCTION 1
1. Background 1
2. Purpose of Study 7
II LITERATURE REVIEW 12
1. Work and Family Conflict 12
(1). Is Work-Family Conflict a Serious Issue? 12
(2). The Work-Family Conflict in Korea and Taiwan: Differences in the Structure and Culture of Organisation 14
2 Institutional Support for Work-Family Balance 18
(1). Institutional Support in the West 18
(2). Institutional Support in Korea and Taiwan 23
3. Bring the Family Back in 29
(1). Family Demands on Women in Korea and Taiwan 31
III DATA AND METHODOLOGY 39
1. Data 40
2. Variables 40
3. Hypotheses 42
IV FINDINGS AND RESULTS 45
1. Descriptive Statistics of Married Women’s Participation 45
2. Test of Independence 48
3. Logistic Regression Analysis 50
V DISCUSSION 54
1. War on Care Arrangement VS. War on Money 54
2. Attitudinal Differences on Gender Division of Labour 59
VI CONCLUSION 63
1. Conclusion 63
2. Limitations and Suggestions 64
VII REFERENCES 65
APPENDIX A 72
APPENDIX B 75
APPENDIX C 76
APPENDIX D 78

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