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研究生:文金陵
研究生(外文):Chin-lin Wen
論文名稱:探索整合供應商管理存貨和第三方物流的價值-以物流業為例
論文名稱(外文):Explore the value of integrating Vendor Managed Inventory and Third Party Logistics - a logistic industry case study
指導教授:黃惠民黃惠民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Ming WEE
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業與系統工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:限制理論供應商管理存貨物聯網物流3PL外包精實
外文關鍵詞:VMI3PL outsourcingLeanLogisticsInternet of Things
相關次數:
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由於全球市場已進入了經濟成長與競爭力崛起的趨勢,因此第三方物流(3PL)外包供應商已成為全球物流產業至為關鍵重要性。然而,物流產業現存具備者龐大複雜的數據資料,必須採用一個快捷處理的物流渠道,使得需要考慮運用物聯網(IoT),整合供應商管理存貨(VMI)與3PL。在這項研究目的是要達到改善降低存貨,配合限制理論注入新思維,不斷找出瓶頸循環改善,快速反應供應物流業的競爭力。現今,VMI已被廣泛的慣用在物流產業與3PL外包供應商它在物流產業的運用將成為未來的趨勢發展。
本研究以案例式推理手法,作為達成問題解決的技術,探索兩個案利用過去的資料和精實的概念以解決問題,另比較分析三個案例的優點和相異點,在解決案例推理問題上,研究開發一個創新的過程框架可使用IoT平台系統,其目標是創造一個增值系統,促使所有供應商造就一個雙贏的經濟效益,IoT整合電子商務平台和相輔而行的每個企業改進了物流的有效性,方便性在同步IoT平台上增加VMI效率的靈活性,從而也增強了3PL產業的效率,亦能滿足客戶需求增值物流價值,降低成本減少長鞭效應,並確保一個永續發展並具有競爭力的物流。
Due to global economic growth and competitive markets, outsourcing through Third Party Logistics (3PL) has become critical in global logistic industries. The complex logistic industry and the existence of Big Data result in the need to consider the application of Internet of Things (IoT) in integrating Vendor Management Inventory (VMI) and 3PL. In this study, we aim to improve supply chain competitiveness through inventory cost reduction and quick response. Recently, VMI has been widely used in manufacturing industry; its use in logistic industries will become the future trend. We present a research using a Case-Based Reasoning as a problem-solving technique Comparative analysis of the three project examples are done. The plan to apply the IoT platform is analyzed to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of the system. An innovative process framework is then developed. This study aims to create a value-added system which will result in a win-win economic benefit for all players in the chain. IoT integrates e-commerce platforms and co-ordinates each enterprise to improve the effectiveness of the supply chain. The convenience of synchronized IoT platform increases the flexibility of VMI efficiency thereby also increase the efficiency of the 3PL industry. It also helps reduce Bullwhip Effects and ensure a sustainable and competative logistics.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章緒論 1
1.1 背景因素 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第二章文獻探討 4
2.1 探索物流產業 4
2.2 供應商管理存貨(VMI)探討 5
2.3 第三方物流(3PL)外包供應商探討 7
2.4 物聯網以無線射頻鏈結物流產業之關係 8
2.5 限制理論的目標與績效衡量指標之關係 10
2.6 NSDB心法與問題解決流程 11
2.7 平衡系統流量與平衡系統產能之關係 14
2.8 存貨與前置時間 15
第三章研究方法 17
3.1 案例式推理法(Case-Based Reasoning, CBR) 17
3.1.1 案例式推理循環運作過程 18
3.1.2 案例式推理細部步驟及流程 22
3.2 比較分析法 23
第四章個案分析探討 24
4.1 比較分析法探討 24
4.1.1 案例一:以精實觀點對Apple與Nokia手機的消長因素比較分析 24
4.1.2 案例二:上銀科技以切線式滾珠螺桿與迴流軌道的技術創新比較分析 27
4.1.3 案例三:Wal-Mart與Costco營運策略與物流比較分析 30
4.2 案例式推理法探討 41
4.2.1 供應商管理存貨(VMI)與網路交易增值系統探討 42
4.2.2 VMI與3PL外包供應商整合價值提升物流效益探討 44
第五章結論與未來研究 47
5.1 結論 47
5.2 未來研究 48
參考文獻 49
參考網站 56
圖目錄
圖1-1 本研究彙整精實(Lean)生產管理模式流程框架圖 3
圖2-1 摘自限制理論的鼓緩衝繩流程圖(Drum-Buffer-Rope) 11
圖2-2 本研究彙整McKinsey問題解決模型框架流程圖 13
圖2-3 本研究彙整解決問題的新流程圖 14
圖3-1 案例式推理循環運作過程圖 18
圖3-2 案例式推理細部步驟及流程架構圖 22
圖4-1 摘自FSVH(新)切線式與FSVC(舊)迴流式循環構造圖 29
圖4-2 彙整Wal-Mart策略系統圖 32
圖4-3 彙整Wal-Mart供應商使用越庫作業系統圖 35
圖4-4 彙整Wal-Mart網路資訊平台系統圖 37
圖4-5 本研究彙整VMI網路交易增值系統框架流程圖 44
圖4-6 本研究彙整VMI電子商務管理模式框架流程圖 45
圖4-7 本研究彙整VMI with 3PL外包供應商整合框架流程圖 46
表目錄
表4-1 Apple與 Nokia品牌在智能手機市場上的消長比較分析 25
表4-2 上銀科技PMI對滾珠螺桿FSVH(新)與FSVC(舊)比較分析 28
表4-3 Wal-Mart與Costco營運策略與物流管理比較分析 38
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