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研究生:莊育敏
研究生(外文):Yu-Min Chuang
論文名稱:應用賽局理論於供應商評選及訂單配置
論文名稱(外文):Application of game theory for selecting and assigning suppliers
指導教授:黃惠民黃惠民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Ming Wee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業與系統工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:供應鏈管理賽局理論夏普利值供應商遴選
外文關鍵詞:Shapley ValueGame TheorySupplier SelectionSupply Chain Management
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
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為了加強企業本身以及供應鏈整體的競爭力,企業除了本身內部的控管,企業對於供應商的選擇也日趨重要。企業都有一套自己供應商的遴選標準,透過一定的遴選模式,讓企業可以有一定的標準,提供決策者作適當的決策判斷。然而在眾多的研究探討中,供應商的評選往往顧及本身的利益,由己方的利益為出發點,卻未考量對方的利益與想法,造成於實際上無法形成共識,降低了遴選模式的效益。
故本研究將探討整合供應鏈管理、供應商遴選模式,為符合現實情況,將賽局理論一併納入考量,提出一個雙贏供應商評選模式,建構一個兩階段的賽局模型。第一階段將「製造商」和「供應商」的互動行為建構為一個雙人非合作賽局,在每一個賽局的納許均衡策略期望報酬值,作為供應商的評分值。第二階段為每一製程的合作賽局,利用第一階段的供應商的評分值,計算出每一項製程中的供應商的訂單分配比例,以供決策者作更正確的判斷。建構出一條最佳供應商所組成的供應鏈,後續藉由數值範例,與敏感度分析驗證本研究模型之有效性。
To strengthen the enterprise and the overall competitiveness of the supply chain, the supplier selection process becomes increasingly important. Most enterprises have their own supplier selection criteria; company has a certain standard which helps to provide decision-makers to take appropriate decision. However, many previous researches investigated the supplier selection process based on one’s own interest as a starting point while disregarding ideas and opinions from the others. In this study, we examine the integration of supply chain management and propose a supplier selection model by using Game Theory. Firstly, we construct an interactive behavior with the manufacturer and the supplier as double non-cooperative game; we then use the expected return value in the Nash Equilibrium strategies of each game as the scores for the suppliers. Secondly, we consider a cooperative game process; then we use the supplier rating value come from the first stage to calculate the distribution ratio of orders for every process. The process allows us to select the most appropriate suppliers and suggest a fair distribution of order allocation. Numerical examples and the sensitivity analysis of the model are provided to verify the validity of our findings.
目錄
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的與範圍 2
1.3研究方法與步驟 3
1.4兩階段賽局模型介紹 4
1.5論文章節概要與架構 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
2.1供應鏈管理相關文獻 7
2.1.1供應鏈管理的定義 7
2.1.2供應鏈之意義及其演進 12
2.1.3供應鏈管理的整合 14
2.1供應商評選相關文獻 15
2.2賽局理論相關文獻 21
第三章 應用賽局理論於供應商遴選策略 28
3.1基本假設條件 29
3.2參數符號說明 31
3.3製造商對供應商評比報酬矩陣建構 32
3.4數值範例 37
3.5敏感度分析 46
3.6本章結論 47
第四章 製造商訂單資源配置的合作賽局模式 48
4.1基本假設條件 48
4.2參數符號說明 49
4.3供應商製程訂單配置模型建構 49
4.4數值範例 52
4.5 敏感度分析 56
4.6 本章結論 57
第五章 結論、貢獻及未來研究方向 58
5.1 結論 58
5.2 研究貢獻 59
5.3未來研究方向 59
參考文獻 60

圖目錄
圖1.2 研究步驟 6
圖2.1 供應鏈模式Poirier &; Reiter(1996) 8
圖3.1 製程產品供應商遴選示意圖 30
圖3.2 製程產品供應商遴選示意圖 37
圖3.3 製程產品供應鏈 45

表目錄

表2.1 供應鏈協同文獻彙整 8
表2.2 供應商評選準則 15
表2.3 Dickson &; Weber 對供應商評選準則重要性排序研究之整理 16
表2.4 Choi 26 項選擇供應商評估準則 17
表2.5 供應商評選相關研究之整理 18
表2.6 囚犯困境表 25
表2.7賽局理論相關文獻研究之整理 26
表3.1符號說明 31
表3.2 製造商產品需求分數表 32
表3.3供應商的能力資源分數表 33
表3.4 Cpk值等級表 34
表3.5 遴選品項分數表 35
表3.6 製造商對供應商評比報酬矩陣表 36
表3.7 製造商產品需求分數表 37
表3.8 供應商的資源分數表 38
表3.9 製造商對供應商A報酬矩陣表 39
表3.10 製造商對供應商B報酬矩陣表 39
表3.11 製造商對供應商C報酬矩陣表 40
表3.12 製造商對供應商D報酬矩陣表 40
表3.13 製造商對供應商E報酬矩陣表 41
表3.14 製造商對供應商F報酬矩陣表 41
表3.15 製造商對供應商G報酬矩陣表 42
表3.16 製造商對供應商H報酬矩陣表 42
表3.17 製造商對供應商I報酬矩陣表 43
表3.18 製造商對供應商J報酬矩陣表 43
表3.19 製造商對供應商K報酬矩陣表 44
表3.20 製造商對供應商L報酬矩陣表 44
表3.20 製造商與供應商策略評分值 45
表3.21 供應商評分值敏感度分析表 46
表4.1符號說明 49
表4.2 製程訂單資源表 52
表4.3 供應商數值門檻表 53
表4.4 製程一供應商夏普利值 53
表4.5 製程一訂單資源配製 54
表4.6 製程二供應商夏普利值 54
表4.7 製程二訂單資源配製 55
表4.8 製程三供應商夏普利值 55
表4.9 製程三訂單資源配製 56
表4.10 供應商夏普利值敏感度分析表 56
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