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研究生:王麒鈞
研究生(外文):Chi-Jyun,Wang
論文名稱:向上比較對學業學習動機的影響:以自我慈悲為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Upward Social Comparison on Academic Learning Motivation:The Moderating Effects of Self-Compassion
指導教授:李怡真李怡真引用關係
指導教授(外文):YI-JHEN Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:向上比較自我慈悲學習動機
外文關鍵詞:Upward comparisonSelf-compassionLearning motivation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:9
  • 點閱點閱:341
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
過去研究已知,向上比較能影響個體的學習動機。向上比較可以被視為一種負向資訊,讓進行比較的個體感受到威脅,使其學習動機降低;但也有研究指出,許多因素能幫助個體在進行向上比較後,反而能有更好的學習動機。本研究者認為個體的自我慈悲特質,極可能是幫助個體在進行向上比較後能有較好的學習動機之重要因素,因此本研究主要目的在檢驗自我慈悲在向上比較與學習動機之間是否具有調節效果。本研究參與者為70位大學學生,參與者被隨機分派至實驗組或控制組,兩組參與者在被引導進入追求學業目標的情境後,透過短文的閱讀,使其處於向上比較(實驗組)或平行比較(控制組)的心理歷程之中,最後則填寫學習動機量表(自我效能量表)以及自我慈悲量表。本研究結果顯示,向上比較組與平行比較組於自我效能的分數上並無顯著差異,但在調節效果的檢驗中,自我慈悲在向上比較與自我效能間確實具有調節作用,並且高自我慈悲者比低自我慈悲者在進行向上比較後有更高的自我效能。本研究結果支持了自我慈悲能幫助個體在向上比較後能有較高的學習動機,可以幫助教育者了解如何幫助學生提升學習動機之重要參考。

Previous research has shown that upward comparisons are detrimental to one’s learning motivation. Nonetheless,several factors were shown to buffer the negative influence of upward comparisons on learning motivation.We considered that self-compassion could be one of the factors that could buffer the negative influence of upward comparisons. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study is to examine whether self-compassion could moderate the effects between upward comparisons and learning motivation. Participants were 70 college students. They were randomly assigned to one of the two groups and guided to make upward comparison (experimental group)or parallel comparison(control group).Then, they were asked to complete the learning motivation scale(self-efficacy)and the self-compassion scale. The results reveal that the interaction effect of self-compassion and upward comparison can significantly predict self-efficacy.People with higher self-compassion had better self-efficacy than people with low self-compassion after making upward comparisons. The importance of self-compassion improving academic learning motivation after upward comparisons was discussed.

目錄

摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 向上比較 3
壹‧向上比較概念與相關文獻 3
第二節 學習動機與向上比較 5
壹‧學習動機的定義與相關概念 5
貳‧學習動機的理論 5
參‧學習動機的測量 7
肆‧向上比較與學習動機 9
第三節 自我慈悲 11
壹‧自我慈悲的概念 11
貳‧自我慈悲的定義 12
參.自我慈悲的測量 12
肆‧自我慈悲與學習動機 13
伍‧向上比較、自我慈悲和學習動機之間的關聯 15
第四節 研究假設 17
壹‧研究假設. 17
貳‧研究架構圖 17
第三章 研究方法 18
第一節 研究對象和程序 18
壹‧研究對象 18
貳‧研究設計 18
參‧研究程序 19
第二節 研究工具 22
壹‧研究說明與個人基本資料 22
貳‧學習動機與自我慈悲量表 22
參‧負向情感量表 24
第四章 研究結果 26
第一節 研究變項之描述性統計 26
第二節 研究變項之間相關性以及獨立樣本T檢定 28
第三節 自我慈悲之調節效果檢驗 31
第五章 討論 34
第一節 研究結果與應用貢獻 34
壹‧研究結果 34
貳‧研究應用貢獻 36
第二節 研究限制與未來研究方向 38
壹‧研究樣本 38
貳‧研究方法 38
參‧研究變項 39
參考文獻 41
附錄一 個人基本資料 45
附錄二 情境想像 46
附錄三 比較操弄(向上比較組) 47
附錄四 比較操弄(平行比較組) 48
附錄五 負向情感量表 49
附錄六 學業自我效能量表 50
附錄七 自我慈悲量表 51

圖目錄

圖1 向上比較與學習動機,自我慈悲做為調節變項之架構圖 17
圖2 自我慈悲對於向上比較與自我效能的調節效果 33

表目錄
表2-1 學業自我效能量表統整表 8
表3-1 參與者資本資料 18
表4-1 各組別人數表 26
表4-2 研究變項之描述統計 27
表4-3 研究變項間之相關分析表 30
表4-4 向上比較與自我慈悲對於自我效能之階層迴歸分析 31


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