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研究生:徐世杰
研究生(外文):Shih-Chieh Hsu
論文名稱:可轉移之多面額電子現金
論文名稱(外文):Multiple Denominations in E-cash with Transferability
指導教授:楊明豪楊明豪引用關係羅嘉寧羅嘉寧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Hour YangJia-Ning Luo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:通訊工程碩士學位學程
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:盲簽章匿名性電子現金電子付款可轉移性
外文關鍵詞:blind signaturesanonymitye-cashelectronic paymenttransferability
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近年來電子商務發展相當迅速,各種線上交易及數位服務販售已相當普及,然而在現有的交易系統中如ATM、信用卡、Paypal、儲值預付系統等,對於使用者所能提供的隱私保障已然不足以應付現有的需求。由於在使用上述提到之交易系統時,由於使用者資訊可輕易與消費資訊相互關聯,無法避免消費者的消費習慣及興趣傾向被商家或者有心人士分析及取用,因此電子現金成了未來電子商務的一個重要標地。在電子現金的系統下,由於盲簽章本身所提供的匿名特性,每筆電子現金與使用者之間無法做相互關聯,任何持有者在使用電子現金時如同使用實體鈔票一般,在進行交易過後無法從中找到任何與使用者相關聯的資訊。然而匿名的特性卻又使得電子現金的犯罪行為難以追蹤,隨後又有了可撤銷匿名的電子現金系統被提出。至今為止,為了使電子現金交易系統更能在各式各樣的場合應用,如離線交易、可轉移性、可分割式電子現金等也成為了後續研究的目標。
在本篇論文中,我們提出一個可找零電子現金機制。利用多面額的電子現金在離線交易時將小面額的電子進金作為找零使用,進而達到在各種商品價格下都可輕鬆進行交易的目的,也同時減少使用者所需儲存的電子現金數量。


In recent year, electronic commerce is widely used in our life. However, in current solution like ATM, credit card, Paypal, Pre-paid card cannot protect user’s privacy, like shopping hobby and user information. When we use the method of the above mentioned, our consumption habits can easily be analysis by system provider or merchant. Therefore, e-cash system provided anonymity become the important subject in electronic commerce. In e-cash system, since blind signature provided anonymity, every single e-cash cannot linked with each other. And also, user can use e-cash just like physical cash that no one can find any information to linked user to a e-cash. But fully anonymity also makes malicious behavior can’t be traced, so later anonymity revocable e-cash scheme have proposed.So far, in order to make e-cash can used in lots of environment and Applications, such as off-line transactions, transferability, divisibility has also become a target for further research.
In this paper, we propose Multiple Denominations in E-cash with Transferability.
Using multi-denomination e-cash in offline transactions will be in small denominations into a change for the use, thus achieve the purpose in a variety of commodity prices can be easily traded, while also reducing the amount of cash required for the storage of electronic user.


目錄
摘要 1
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
一、 前言 1
二、 可轉移之多面額電子現金系統 6
2.1 註冊階段 7
2.2 提款階段 9
2.3 交易階段 12
2.3.1 離線交易階段 12
2.3.2 線上交易 17
2.4 兌現階段 21
2.5 雙重消費確認及匿名性控制 21
三、 安全性分析 24
四、 效能比較 25
五、 GNY證明 28
六、 結論 34
參考文獻 34


圖目錄
圖 1.系統架流程圖 6
圖 2.提款程序 9
圖 3. 電子現金發行與離線交易架構圖 13
圖 4. 離線付款程序 14
圖 5.電子現金發行與線上交易架構圖 17
圖 6.線上付款程序 18
圖 5.電子現金之生命週期 21
圖 6.儲存量比較表 26


表目錄
表 1.符號表 7
表 2.計算量比較 27


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[2]Au, M. H., et al. (2008). Practical anonymous divisible e-cash from bounded accumulators. Financial Cryptography and Data Security, Springer: 287-301.
[3]Baseri, Y., et al. (2013). "Secure untraceable off-line electronic cash system." Scientia Iranica 20(3): 637-646.
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