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研究生:詹前航
研究生(外文):Chien-Hang Chan
論文名稱:鑽床用內藏型永磁同步馬達之設計與分析
論文名稱(外文):Design and Analysis of an IPM Synchronous Motor for Drill Press Machine Applications
指導教授:黃昌圳黃昌圳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang-Chou Hwang
口試委員:鄭進興劉承宗蔡文彬
口試委員(外文):Chin-Hsing ChengCheng-Tsung LiuWen-Pin Tsai
口試日期:2015-06-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:資電碩士在職專班
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:內藏型永磁同步馬達轉矩漣波靈敏度分析田口法有限元素分析
外文關鍵詞:IPM synchronous motortorque ripplesensitive analysisthe Taguchi methodfinite element analysis
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本文主要提出一應用於鑽床之內藏型永磁同步馬達來取代市場慣用之感應馬達。另外將原兩段皮帶輪變速系統改為一段固定皮帶輪比,並使用控制器做無段變速。除可省下手動切換轉速的不便利性,也因簡化了變速系統而減少變速系統70%的體積。
  規格方面,馬達在額定轉速500 rpm之額定轉矩為17.5 Nm,最大轉速4600 rpm之轉矩為2.3 Nm。首先,透過有限元素分析軟體將定子及轉子幾何形狀對於額定轉矩、轉矩漣波進行靈敏度分析,得到定子與轉子尺寸變化對特性之影響。其次,利用田口法搭配有限元素分析軟體做最佳化之設計,以達到高轉矩、低轉矩漣波的目標。
  為了有效降低轉矩漣波且滿足額定轉矩的需求。最後,本文提出並探討多層繞設計的可行性。
The purpose of this thesis is to present an interior permanent magnet (IPM) synchronous motor to replace of induction motor which is used extensively for drill press machine applications.
  In addition, we change two segments pulley transmission system to fixed pulley ratio and controller to do continuously variable transmission, therefore it could decrease inconveniences of manual switch speed and simplify the transmission system to reduce the 70% of volumes.
  For specifications, motor is rated at a torque of 17.5 Nm rotating at a speed of 500 rpm, and a torque of 2.3 Nm, rotating at maximum speed of 4600 rpm. First, a finite element analysis for torque and torque ripple is performed by changing the shapes and sizes of the stator and rotor. Secondly, the Taguchi method coupled with the finite element analysis is employed to maximize the torque and minimize the level of torque ripple.
  Finally, to effectively reduce the torque ripple, while still maintaining the required value of average torque, a multilayer winding design is proposed and studied.
摘要
Abstract
目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
縮寫符號對照表
第一章 緒 論
1.1 研究動機與目的
1.2 文獻研讀
1.2.1 永磁馬達設計
1.2.2 槽極數選擇及繞組設計
1.2.3 SPM 及 IPM 馬達性能比較
1.2.4 槽極數選擇
1.2.5 馬達最高效率設計
1.2.6 轉矩漣波的定義
1.2.7 田口法的應用
1.3 論文貢獻
1.4 論文架構
第二章 馬達雛型設計與分析
2.1 前言
2.2 永磁同步馬達額定規格
2.3 槽極數選擇
2.4 雙層繞組設計
2.5 6極9槽與8極9槽之特性比較
2.6 馬達雛型規格及特性
2.7 結論
第三章 靈敏度分析
3.1 前言
3.2 轉子半徑、磁石寬度之靈敏分析
3.3 磁島展開角、磁島厚度之靈敏度分析
3.4 轉子削弧、槽開口之靈敏度分析
3.5 極靴高度1、極靴高度2之靈敏度分析
3.6 齒寬、背鐵寬之靈敏度分析
3.7 靈敏度分析結果
3.7.1 結構尺寸的合理性
3.8 結論
第四章 田口法分析
4.1 前言
4.2 建立直交表
4.3 模擬結果與分析
4.3.1 模擬結果
4.3.2 平均值分析
4.3.3 變異性分析
第五章 多層繞線設計
第六章 結論
參考文獻
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[2]J. R. Hendershot Jr. and T. J. E. Miller, Design of Brushless Permanent-Magnet Motors, Magna Physics Publishing and Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1994.
[3]J. F. Gieras and M. Wing, Permanent Magnet Motor Technology, Design and Applications, 2nd Ed., Marcel Dekker, Inc, 2002.
[4]D. Hanselman, Brushless Permanent Magnet Motor Design, 2nd Ed., The Writers’ Collective, 2003.
[5]N. Bianchi and T. M. Jahns, Design, Analysis, and Control of Interior PM Synchronous Machines, Tutorial Course Notes, Oct. 2004.
[6]C. C. Hwang, S. P. Cheng, and C. M. Chang, “Design of high-performance spindle motors with concentrated windings,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 41, no. 2, pp.971-973, February 2005.
[7]鄭世平,「高性能無刷永磁馬達之設計實現」,逢甲大學電通所博士論文,2007年6月。
[8]J. Cros and P. Viarouge, “Synthesis of high performance PM motors with concentrated windings,” IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 248-253, June 2002.
[9]N. Bianchi, S. Bolognani, M. D. Pre, and G. Grezzani, “Design considerations for fractional-slot winding configurations of synchronous machines,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 997-1006, July/August 2006.
[10] L. Alberti and N. Bianchi, “Theory and design of fractional-slot multilayer windings,” IEEE Transactions Industrial Electronics, Vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 841–849, Mar./Apr. 2013.
[11] Z. Q. Zhu, Y. S. Chen, and D. Howe, “Iron loss in permanent-magnet brushless AC machines under maximum torque per ampere and flux weakening control,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. Vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 3285 – 3287, 2002.
[12] C. C. Hwang, S. B. John, and S. S. Wu, “Reduction of cogging torque in spindle motors for CD-ROM drive,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 34, no. 2, pp.468-470, Mar. 1998.
[13] C. C. Hwang, M. H. Wu, and S. P. Chen, “Influence of pole and slot combinations on cogging torque in fractional slot PM motors,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 304, pp. e430-e432, Sep. 2006.
[14] N. Bianchi, S. Bolognani, and P. Frare, “Design criteria for high-efficiency SPM synchronous motors,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 396-403, Jun. 2006.
[15] A. Kioumarsi, M. Moallem, and B. Fahimi, “Mitigation of torque ripple in interior permanent magnet motors by optimal shape design,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 3706-3711, Nov. 2006.
[16] K. Y. Nam, W. T. Lee, C. M. Lee, and J. P. Hong, “Reducing torque ripple of brushless DC motor by varying input voltage,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1307-1310, Apr. 2006.
[17] R. K. Roy, A Primer on The Taguchi Method, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.
[18] S. H. Park, Robust Design and Analysis for Quality Engineering, Chapman & Hall, 1996.
[19] S. X. Chen, T. S. Low, and B. Bruhl, “The robust design approach for reducing cogging torque in permanent magnet motors,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 2135-2137, Jul. 1998.
[20] T. S. Low, S. Chen, and X. Gao, “Robust torque optimization for BLDC spindle motors,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 656-662, Jun. 2001.
[21] S. I. Kim, J. Y. Lee, Y. K. Kim, J. P. Hong, Y. Hur, and Y. H. Jung, “Optimization for reduction of torque ripple in interior permanent magnet motor by using the taguchi method,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1796-1799, May 2005.
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