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研究生:周筠芷
研究生(外文):Yun-Chih Chou
論文名稱:社交焦慮、人際價值與人際優勢之關聯性-以人際環分析
論文名稱(外文):Social Anxiety, Interpersonal Values and Interpersonal Strengths: An Analysis Based on the Interpersonal Circumplex.
指導教授:邱怡欣邱怡欣引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Hsing Chiu
口試委員:劉政宏古永利
口試委員(外文):Cheng-Hong LiuYung-Li Ku
口試日期:2015-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:應用心理學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:165
中文關鍵詞:社交焦慮人際價值人際優勢人際環
外文關鍵詞:social anxietyinterpersonal valuesinterpersonal strengthsinterpersonal circumplex
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:767
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:87
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究主要目的為瞭解高低社交焦慮族群在人際價值與人際優勢的情形,並以人際環為基礎進行整體分析。本研究採用網路調查的方式進行資料收集,研究對象為台灣地區20~64歲成年人,共計485位。先將所有樣本區分成高低社交焦慮兩組,針對高社交焦慮組進行集群分析區分出不同的人際價值類型之高社交焦慮群體,再針對不同人際價值類型之高社交焦慮群體在各項人際價值與各項人際優勢之表現進行差異分析並與低社交焦慮組進行比較。其中257位高社交焦慮個體被區分成『自我導向-親和型』、『疏離型』及『他人導向-親和型』三種不同人際價值類型次群體,結果發現:(1)不同類型高社交焦慮者具有不同的主要人際價值及人際優勢特性;(2)不同類型高社交焦慮者在部份人際價值及人際優勢的表現達到顯著差異。(3)不同類型高社交焦慮者與低社交焦慮者相比,在部份人際價值與人際優勢表現上達到顯著差異。本研究結果呈現出高社交焦慮族群與低社交焦慮族群相比具有較明顯的主要人際特性,以及對高社交焦慮族群而言,以人際價值類型加以區分後,其人際優勢的表現特性有顯著的不同,顯示藉由人際環複測驗工具能夠較清楚瞭解不同社交焦慮族群在人際價值與人際優勢表現上的整體特性。建議未來研究者或實務工作者若想對於社交焦慮與個體人際特性之間的關聯有更全面性的瞭解,可採用以人際環理論為基礎之測驗工具作為評量工具。
The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between interpersonal values and interpersonal strength for individuals with social anxiety, based on the interpersonal circumplex theory. On-line questionnaires were filled out by 485 Taiwanese participants of 20-64 years old. All participants were first classified as either the high social anxiety group or the normal group. For the 257 participants in the high social anxiety group, a clustering analysis of the interpersonal values scores was conducted. In this high social anxiety group, three clusters of different interpersonal values were formed and the interpersonal strength differences of there three clusters were compared. The same analyses were conducted for the normal group. Three categories of interpersonal styles were identified, (a) the agentic–communal, (b) the separate, and (c) the submissive-communal. The results are as follows. (1) Individuals of high social anxiety seem to have different interpersonal values and interpersonal strengths. (2) The above-mentioned interpersonal values and strengths have significant differences. (3) The high social anxiety group and the normal group showed significantly different interpersonal values and interpersonal strengths. These findings indicate that individuals with high social anxiety have qualitatively different interpersonal characteristics than the normal group. The interpersonal circumplex provides a good framework to carefully examine interpersonal characteristics among individuals with or without social anxiety for future researchers and practical psychologists.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 8
第三節 名詞釋義 9
第二章 文獻探討 14
第一節 社交焦慮 14
第二節 人際價值 24
第三節 人際優勢 28
第四節 人際環理論及其應用 35
第五節 總結 41
第三章 研究方法 42
第一節 研究問題與假設 42
第二節 研究程序及資料分析方式 44
第三節 研究對象 50
第四節 研究工具 53
第四章 研究結果 72
第一節 正式樣本整體分析概況 72
第二節 高社交焦慮者之人際價值分析 77
第三節 高社交焦慮者之人際優勢分析 87
第四節 高社交焦慮組與一般組之比較 94
第五章 結論與討論 102
第一節 研究結論與討論 102
第二節 研究貢獻、限制與未來建議 114
參考文獻 122

附錄 130
附錄一:人際互動經驗預試問卷 130
附錄二:人際互動經驗正式問卷 140
附錄三:人際價值量表使用同意書 150
附錄四:原版社交互動焦慮量表及社交恐懼使用同意書 151
附錄五:中文版社交互動量表使用同意書 152
附錄六:中文版社交互動量表使用同意書 153
附錄七:人際優勢量表翻譯暨使用同意書 154
附錄八:正式施測提供回饋之捐款收據證明影本 155

表目錄
表3-2-1環型複合結構的理想相關矩陣 46
表3-2-2試題不良指標判斷準則 47
表3-3-1預試樣本人口學變項特性 50
表3-3-2正式樣本人口學變項特性 52
表3-4-1人際價值量表各分量尺之內涵 56
表3-4-2人際價值量表預試項目分析結果摘要表 58
表3-4-3人際價值量表區辨性分析結果摘要表 60
表3-4-4人際價值正式量表分量表之分量表題號與內部一致性 62
表3-4-5人際價值正式量表主成份分析摘要表 63
表3-4-6人際優勢量表各分量尺之內涵 65
表3-4-7人際優勢量表預試項目分析結果摘要表 67
表3-4-8人際優勢量表區辨性分析結果摘要表 68
表3-4-9人際優勢正式量表分量表之內部一致性 69
表3-4-10人際優勢正式量表主成份分析摘要表 70
表4-1-1全體樣本人際價值分量表及各向度得分之描述統計 73
表4-1-2全體樣本人際優勢分量表及各向度得分之描述統計 74
表4-1-3不同社交焦慮程度與人口學變項之相關分析 76
表4-2-1高社交焦慮組之人際價值集群分析環型結構摘要表 78
表4-2-2三類型高社交焦慮集群在人際價值分量尺之Z分數描述統計摘要表 79
表4-2-3三類型高社交焦慮集群在四種主要人際價值向度之整體多變量變異數分析表 81
表4-2-4三類型高社交焦慮集群在四種主要人際價值向度之多變量變異數分析表 82
表4-2-5三類型高社交焦慮集群在人際價值分量尺之整體多變量變異數分析表 83
表4-2-6三類型高社交焦慮集群在各人際價值分量尺之多變量變異數分析表 84
表4-3-1三類型高社交焦慮集群之人際優勢環型結構摘要表 88
表4-3-2三類型高社交焦慮集群之人際優勢分量尺Z分數描述統計摘要表 88
表4-3-3三類型高社交焦慮集群在人際優勢分量尺之整體多變量變異數分析表 90
表4-3-4三類型高社交焦慮集群在各人際優勢分量尺之多變量變異數分析表 91
表4-4-1一般組之人際價值與人際優勢環型結構摘要表 96
表4-4-2一般組之人際價值分量表平均Z分數及標準差 96
表4-4-3一般組之人際優勢分量表平均Z分數及標準差 96
表4-4-4三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組在人際價值分量尺之整體多變量變異數分析表 97
表4-4-5三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組在各人際價值分量尺之多變量變異數分析表 98
表4-4-6三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組在人際優勢分量尺之整體多變量變異數分析表 98
表4-4-7三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組在各項人際優勢平均數之變異數分析表 99
表4-4-8三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組在SIAS及SPS平均得分之變異數分析表 100

圖目錄
圖2-4-1人際環複結構示意圖 36
圖3-4-1人際價值環形結構與題目示例 55
圖3-4-2人際價值量表分量表轉軸後空間成份結構圖 63
圖3-4-3人際優勢量表分量表轉軸後空間成份結構圖 70
圖4-2-1高社交焦慮組之三類型集群人際價值座標示意圖 77
圖4-4-1三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組人際價值分量表Z分數雷達圖 94
圖4-4-2三類型高社交焦慮集群與一般組人際優勢分量表Z分數雷達圖 95

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