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研究生:盧其成
研究生(外文):Chi-Cheng Lu
論文名稱:內觀與情緒調節策略、個體適應的關係─以南部戒治所收容人為例
論文名稱(外文):A study of the relationship between mindfulness, emotional regulation strategy and individual adaption: An Example of Drug Abuser Treatment Center in Southern Taiwan
指導教授:謝碧玲謝碧玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bi-Ling Shieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學大學
系所名稱:心理學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2015
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:內觀情緒調節策略個體適應
外文關鍵詞:Mindfulnessemotional regulationFFMQdrug abuse.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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內觀介入有助於戒治所收容人提升情緒覺察和情緒調節,然而內觀內部機制與情緒調節策略、個體適應的關係未被探索,另外,觀察國內可使用測量內觀機制的工具選擇少。因此,本研究結合兩個部分,首先對內觀五面向量表進行信效度的初探(採用自Baer等人發展的Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire),再探索情緒調節策略在內觀核心(由觀察、對內在經驗不反應)、個體正負向適應的關係。
本研究樣本為243位戒治所男性收容人(125人具有三個月早晚內觀練習,118人為剛入所初學內觀),知情同意後進行第一次施測問卷,並於三個月內觀練習後,進行第二次施測。
第一部分,結果顯示內觀五面向量表具有良好的內部一致性、中等再測信度,良好的建構、聚斂、區別與校標關聯效度。第二部分,結果顯示「發展新觀點」、「增加正向情緒」在內觀核心與正向適應的關係中具有中介的效果。表示內觀核心有助個體使用「發展新觀點」與「增加正向情緒」的策略進而促進正向適應與減少負向適應。本研究發現觀察內在的經驗並且不立即反應所觀察到的經驗,可以打斷個體自動化的思考與行為,增加認知彈性將注意力放在更多訊息上,有助於個體使用情緒調節策略利於個體適應。本研究結果可提供測量內觀機制工具的選擇參考,與運用至臨床介入。


Mindfulness intervention can help drug abuser to advance their ability of emotional awareness and emotional regulation. However, the relationship between the mechanism of mindfulness, emotional regulation strategy and individual adaption of drug abuser is still unclear. Besides, there are few tools to measure the mechanism of mindfulness in Taiwan. Therefore, this study combines two parts. The first part is to exam the reliability and validity of “The Taiwan Version of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire”translated from “Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire” by Ruth Baer. The second part explores the relationship between the mechanism of mindfulness, emotional regulation strategy and individual adaption.
This study sample of male drug abusers is from Drug Abuser Treatment Center in Southern Taiwan. Sample size is 243. 125 of them have been practicing mindfulness for three months, while 118 of the total sample size have no practice experience. The first survey was completed by subjects who were informed and agreed to participate in this study. The second survey was conducted after three months practice of mindfulness.
The result of the first part indicates that that “The Taiwan Version of Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire” has good internal consistency, moderate Test-retest reliability, and good construct, convergent, discriminant, criterion-related validity. In the second part, the result suggests that “Develop new opinion” and “Increase positive emotion” play the mediation role between Mindfulness Core and individual adaption. That is, “Mindfulness core” could help individual to employ strategy of “Develop new opinion” and “Increase positive emotion” which could improve individual adaption.
This study finds that when an individual observes internal experience and does not respond to them immediately, it may interrupt the link of automatic thinking or habitual behavior. That would increase cognitive flexibility to attend more information, which will eventually contribute to individual adaption by employing emotion regulation strategy. This finding may provide a appropriate scales for study the mechanism of mindfulness in Taiwan, and clinical intervention in the future.


目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 藥物濫用 4
第二節 內觀 10
第三節 內觀特質與心理健康 26
第四節 情緒處理歷程 29
第五節 內觀與情緒調節策略 39
第六節 研究假設與研究架構 44
第三章 研究方法 46
第一節 研究對象 46
第二節 研究程序 46
第三節 研究工具 51
第四章 研究結果 61
第一節 人口學背景描述性統計 61
第二節 內觀五面向量表信效度分析 61
第三節 內觀核心、情緒調節策略與正負向適應 82
第四節 內觀核心、情緒調節策略與負向適應 86
第五節 專注不評斷、情緒調節策略與正負適應 90
第五章 討論與結論 93
第一節 內觀五面向量表信效度 93
第二節 內觀核心、情緒調節策略與正負向適應 96
第三節 專注不評斷、情緒調節策略與正負向適應 98
第四節 研究貢獻 99
第五節 研究限制與建議 100
參考文獻 101
附錄一、施測同意書 114
附錄二、問卷施測指導語 116
附錄三、量表說明 117


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