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研究生:邱意晴
論文名稱:能源安全治理與歐盟─俄羅斯關係
論文名稱(外文):Energy Security Governance and EU-Russia Relations
指導教授:姜家雄姜家雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:103
語文別:中文
論文頁數:147
中文關鍵詞:能源安全能源安全治理歐洲聯盟俄羅斯歐俄能源安全對話
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本論文主要研究歐盟的能源安全問題以及歐盟與俄羅斯的能源關係,並特別探討歐盟與俄羅斯之間能源安全治理機制的內涵與影響。在能源安全上,歐盟與俄羅斯為彼此重要的能源貿易夥伴,歐盟自俄羅斯進口能源以補足其內部能源生產的不足,俄羅斯則向歐盟出口能源以賺取收益。歐盟與俄羅斯均獲利於雙邊的能源貿易關係,但基於雙方不同的進、出口國身分,歐盟與俄羅斯各自有其能源安全考量與相應之能源政策。上述差異使歐盟與俄羅斯的能源關係呈現既合作又衝突的樣貌,僅從單一面向並不足以解釋歐盟與俄羅斯之間的能源關係。
在歐盟與俄羅斯各自能源安全考量與政策的基礎上,本論文進一步討論雙邊能源安全治理機制安排,以及歐盟與俄羅斯之間的能源爭端。2000年,歐盟與俄羅斯建立「歐俄能源對話」(EU-Russia Energy Dialogue),處理雙邊的能源安全問題與促進能源事務合作。但後續2006年與2009年兩次俄羅斯與烏克蘭的天然氣爭端,以及2012年歐盟執委會展開對俄羅斯天然氣公司(Gazprom)的反壟斷調查,顯示歐盟與俄羅斯在能源運輸過境與能源市場規則等議題上時有衝突,能源安全治理機制仍有改進空間。

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 文獻檢閱 3
第三節 研究途徑與研究方法 9
第四節 研究範圍與研究限制 12
第五節 章節安排 13
第二章 歐盟的能源安全 15
第一節 歐盟的能源安全問題 15
第二節 歐盟內部能源政策發展 33
第三節 歐盟對外能源政策發展 44
第三章 歐俄能源關係 52
第一節 歐盟:能源進口需求 52
第二節 俄羅斯:能源出口 60
第三節 歐俄能源市場 71
第四章 歐俄能源安全治理 76
第一節 歐俄能源安全治理:運作背景 76
第二節 歐俄能源安全治理:「歐俄能源對話」 86
第三節 歐俄能源安全治理:對參與者的影響 94
第五章 能源安全治理下的歐俄關係 101
第一節 歐俄關係中的能源議題 101
第二節 俄羅斯與烏克蘭天然氣爭端 106
第三節 能源市場的自由化 116
第六章 結論 124
附錄 131
參考文獻 132


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Kanter, James and Paul Geitner. “Hungarian Leader Says Pipeline Project Is in Trouble.” New York Times (April 23, 2012). http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/business/global/hungarian-leader-says-pipeline-project-is-in-trouble.html?ref=topics&;_r=0
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Press Releases 2005 “EU-OPEC Energy Dialogue.” http://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/press_room/1019.htm
President of Russia, “Conceptual Approach to the New Legal Framework for Energy Cooperation (Goals and Principles).” (2009) http://archive.kremlin.ru/eng/text/docs/2009/04/215305.shtml
President of Russia, “Executive Order on Measures Protecting Russian Interests in Russian Legal Entities’ Foreign Economic Activities.” (2012) http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/16463
RT. “Gazprom announces final nail in the South Stream coffin.” (January 14, 2015). http://rt.com/business/222619-bulgaria-south-stream-gazprom/
The Lithuania Tribune, “Gazprom vs. Chevron: A Battle of Titans over the Future of an Energy Island.” (July 19, 2013) http://www.lithuaniatribune.com/45343/gazprom-vs-chevron-a-battle-of-titans-over-the-future-of-an-energy-island-201345343/
The World Factbook- Russia. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rs.html
Trans Adriatic Pipeline Website. http://www.tap-ag.com/

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